How to format your references using the European Addiction Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Addiction Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heyde M. Materials Science. Structure and motion of a 2D glass. Science. 2013 Oct;342(6155):201–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Galiana I, Green C. Let the global technology race begin. Nature. 2009 Dec;462(7273):570–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yan Z, Cai M, Shen PK. Nanosized tungsten carbide synthesized by a novel route at low temperature for high performance electrocatalysis. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1646.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lu K, Heng X, Garyu L, Monti S, Garcia EL, Kharytonchyk S, et al. NMR detection of structures in the HIV-1 5’-leader RNA that regulate genome packaging. Science. 2011 Oct;334(6053):242–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ahlemeyer-Stubbe A, Coleman S. A Practical Guide to Data Mining for Business and Industry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Djokić S, editor. Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Applications of Electrochemistry. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Moghrabi IAR, Al-Mohammed AR. Social Media or Social Business Networks? In: Dwivedi YK, Mäntymäki M, Ravishankar MN, Janssen M, Clement M, Slade EL, et al., editors. Social Media: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly: 15th IFIP WG 6.11 Conference on e-Business, e-Services, and e-Society, I3E 2016, Swansea, UK, September 13–15, 2016, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016; pp 42–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Addiction Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. Is The Global Warming ‘Hiatus’ Over? [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 Aug [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. [Comments on Proposal To Add Subpart to FAR]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bermudez D. The effects of Hispanic parent-adolescent biculturalism disparity on male adolescent delinquency. 2008

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fernandez M, Pérez-Peña R. Fraternity Vows Broader Look Into Use of Racist Chant. New York Times. 2015 Mar;A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Addiction Research
AbbreviationEur. Addict. Res.
ISSN (print)1022-6877
ISSN (online)1421-9891
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health
Health(social science)

Other styles