How to format your references using the European Addiction Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Addiction Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Errico A: Judge by actions, not words. Nature 2015;522:393.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Vanorio T, Kanitpanyacharoen W: ROCK PHYSICS. Rock physics of fibrous rocks akin to Roman concrete explains uplifts at Campi Flegrei Caldera. Science 2015;349:617–621.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Cramer P, Bushnell DA, Kornberg RD: Structural basis of transcription: RNA polymerase II at 2.8 angstrom resolution. Science 2001;292:1863–1876.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Brenguier F, Campillo M, Hadziioannou C, Shapiro NM, Nadeau RM, Larose E: Postseismic relaxation along the San Andreas fault at Parkfield from continuous seismological observations. Science 2008;321:1478–1481.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Thyagarajan KS: Still Image and Video Compression with MATLAB. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
1
Cartier P: Freedom in Mathematics. New Delhi, Springer India, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Sovacool BK, Linnér B-O: The Perils of Climate Diplomacy: The Political Economy of the UNFCCC; in Linnér B-O (ed): The Political Economy of Climate Change Adaptation. London, Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2016, pp 110–135.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Addiction Research.

Blog post
1
Luntz S: Ancient Pottery Reveals Sudden Drop In Strength Of Earth’s Magnetic Field. IFLScience 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/physics/ancient-pottery-reveals-sudden-drop-in-strength-of-earths-magnetic-field/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office: Aviation Fees: Review of Air Carriers’ Year 2000 Passenger and Property Screening Costs. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Ortiz JA: New graduate nurses’ experiences of what accounts for their lack of professional confidence during their first year of practice 2014;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Lyman R: Polish President Offers Plan to End Court Crisis, but the Response Is Tepid. New York Times 2017;A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Addiction Research
AbbreviationEur. Addict. Res.
ISSN (print)1022-6877
ISSN (online)1421-9891
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health
Health(social science)

Other styles