How to format your references using the Radio Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Radio Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Engelman, D. M. (2005). Membranes are more mosaic than fluid. Nature, 438(7068), 578–580.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hartmann, D. L., & Hendon, H. H. (2007). Atmospheric science. Resolving an atmospheric enigma. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5857), 1731–1732.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sachs, J. P., Anderson, R. F., & Lehman, S. J. (2001). Glacial surface temperatures of the southeast Atlantic Ocean. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5537), 2077–2079.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Giraldez, A. J., Cinalli, R. M., Glasner, M. E., Enright, A. J., Thomson, J. M., Baskerville, S., et al. (2005). MicroRNAs regulate brain morphogenesis in zebrafish. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5723), 833–838.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Corley, R. H. V., & Tinker, P. B. (2015). The Oil Palm. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Droz, J.-P., Carme, B., Couppié, P., Nacher, M., & Thiéblemont, C. (Eds.). (2015). Tropical Hemato-Oncology. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Helsen, J. A., & Missirlis, Y. (2010). Zirconium and Other Newcomers. In Y. Missirlis (Ed.), Biomaterials: A Tantalus Experience (pp. 99–120). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Radio Science.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, May 3). Can Children Really Be Raised By Animals Like In “The Jungle Book”? Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). Biotechnology: Agriculture’s Regulatory System Needs Clarification (No. RCED-86-59). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hofmann, T. B. (2008). Adductor and abductor spasmodic dysphonia: A comparison of quality of life issues for those receiving Botox treatment (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, L. (2017, May 6). Fact Check: Rumors, Claims And Context on G.O.P. Health Bill. New York Times, p. A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Engelman, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Engelman, 2005; Hartmann & Hendon, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hartmann & Hendon, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Giraldez et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleRadio Science
AbbreviationRadio Sci.
ISSN (print)0048-6604
ISSN (online)1944-799X
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics

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