How to format your references using the Radio Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Radio Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Garner, E. C. (2008). GE Prize essay. Understanding a minimal DNA-segregating machine. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5907), 1486–1487.
A journal article with 2 authors
Léopold, P., & Layalle, S. (2006). Development biology. Linking nutrition and tissue growth. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5778), 1317–1318.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lissauer, J. J., Dawson, R. I., & Tremaine, S. (2014). Advances in exoplanet science from Kepler. Nature, 513(7518), 336–344.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ono, M., Yaguchi, H., Ohkura, N., Kitabayashi, I., Nagamura, Y., Nomura, T., et al. (2007). Foxp3 controls regulatory T-cell function by interacting with AML1/Runx1. Nature, 446(7136), 685–689.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yoder, C. H., Leber, P. A., & Thomsen, M. W. (2010). The Bridge to Organic Chemistry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Alahari, S. (Ed.). (2013). MicroRNA in Cancer. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Lokuciejewski, P., & Marwedel, P. (2011). WCET-Aware Source Code Level Optimizations. In P. Marwedel (Ed.), Worst-Case Execution Time Aware Compilation Techniques for Real-Time Systems (pp. 61–129). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Radio Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 14). Electric Motorways Could Charge Electric Cars On The Go. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2017). Discretionary Grants: Education Needs to Improve Its Oversight of Grants Monitoring (No. GAO-17-266). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chung, T. Y.-Y. (2010). Pulse designs on TR-MAS UWB (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2017, March 10). Fixing What Ain’t Broken. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Garner, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Garner, 2008; Léopold & Layalle, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Léopold & Layalle, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Ono et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleRadio Science
AbbreviationRadio Sci.
ISSN (print)0048-6604
ISSN (online)1944-799X
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles