How to format your references using the Radio Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Radio Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harmon, L. (2010). Journal club. An evolutionary biologist ponders the pace of evolution. Nature, 463(7284), 1003.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cottrell, E., & Kelley, K. A. (2013). Redox heterogeneity in mid-ocean ridge basalts as a function of mantle source. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6138), 1314–1317.
A journal article with 3 authors
Supèr, H., Spekreijse, H., & Lamme, V. A. (2001). A neural correlate of working memory in the monkey primary visual cortex. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5527), 120–124.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhang, X., Ke, X., Du, A., & Zhu, H. (2014). Plasmonic nanostructures to enhance catalytic performance of zeolites under visible light. Scientific Reports, 4, 3805.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McMaster, M. C. (2007). HPLC. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
McGrady, A. (2013). Pathways to Illness, Pathways to Health. (D. Moss, Ed.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Yang, X. J., & Yeldandi, A. V. (2014). Adrenal Gland. In Q. “jim” Zhai (Ed.), Frozen Section Library: Endocrine Organs (pp. 173–205). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Radio Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, November 11). Time To Take A Sick Day: Working When Ill Is Bad For You – And Your Company. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Aviation Safety: FAA Oversight of Repair Stations Needs Improvement (No. RCED-98-21). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson, J. M. (2013). Service learning: Providing the building blocks for a socially responsible nursing role (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J. B. (2017, July 13). Tough Times For Disciples Of Ayn Rand. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Harmon, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Cottrell & Kelley, 2013; Harmon, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cottrell & Kelley, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleRadio Science
AbbreviationRadio Sci.
ISSN (print)0048-6604
ISSN (online)1944-799X
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics

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