How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dalcanton JJ. 18 years of science with the Hubble Space Telescope. Nature. 2009;457(7225):41-50.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhou S, Bongiorno A. Origin of the chemical and kinetic stability of graphene oxide. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2484.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cross CP, Cyrenne D-LM, Brown GR. Sex differences in sensation-seeking: a meta-analysis. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2486.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gao Z, Togano K, Matsumoto A, Kumakura H. Achievement of practical level critical current densities in Ba₁-xKxFe₂As₂/Ag tapes by conventional cold mechanical deformation. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4065.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kowalick TM. Fatal Exit. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2004.
An edited book
Quirk TJ. Excel 2010 for Physical Sciences Statistics: A Guide to Solving Practical Problems. (Quirk M, Horton H, eds.). Heidelberg: Springer International Publishing; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Silva C, Maglinte D. The Role of CTE/Barium Enteroclysis in Crohn’s Disease. In: Rajesh A, Sinha R, eds. Crohn’s Disease: Current Concepts. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015:47-64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Newly Discovered Fossils Hint That All Dinosaurs May Have Had Feathers. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Child Support Enforcement: Certification Process for State Information Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia RI. Variable selection for models with missing data. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Saslow L. Filling the Child Care Breach. New York Times. November 2, 2008:NJ3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Exp. Hepatol.
ISSN (print)0973-6883

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