How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Roederer M. Leonard Herzenberg (1931-2013). Nature. 2013;504(7478):34.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Egnatchik RA, DeBerardinis RJ. Metabolism: Growth in the fat lane. Nature. 2015;520(7546):165-166.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Ungless MA, Magill PJ, Bolam JP. Uniform inhibition of dopamine neurons in the ventral tegmental area by aversive stimuli. Science. 2004;303(5666):2040-2042.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
McKeever J, Boca A, Boozer AD, Buck JR, Kimble HJ. Experimental realization of a one-atom laser in the regime of strong coupling. Nature. 2003;425(6955):268-271.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Chitty J, Raftery A. Essentials of Tortoise Medicine and Surgery. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Attarian HP, Schuman C, eds. Clinical Handbook of Insomnia. 2nd ed. Humana Press; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Resmerita S, Derler P, Pree W, Naderlinger A. 5 Modeling and Simulation of TDL Applications. In: Giese H, Karsai G, Lee E, Rumpe B, Schätz B, eds. Model-Based Engineering of Embedded Real-Time Systems: International Dagstuhl Workshop, Dagstuhl Castle, Germany, November 4-9, 2007. Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2010:107-128.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti C. This Is What Aliens Might Look Like If They Evolved On A Planet That Orbits A Red Dwarf Star. IFLScience. Published March 9, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/this-is-what-aliens-might-look-like-if-they-evolved-on-a-planet-that-orbits-a-red-dwarf-star/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: GSA’s Estimates of FTS2001 Revenues Are Reasonable. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Ruiz-Resto JV. The Effects of Technical and Imagery-based Instruction on Aspiring Performing Artists’ Acquisition of Learning Newly Composed Pieces and Improvisation and on Listeners’ Perceived Expressivity. Published online 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Stewart JB. Why a Merger of Media Firms That Should Be a Sure Bet Isn’t. New York Times. October 25, 2016:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Exp. Hepatol.
ISSN (print)0973-6883
Scope

Other styles