How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Anson L. Membrane protein biophysics. Nature. 2009;459(7245):343.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Sinha DK, Smith CM. Selection of reference genes for expression analysis in Diuraphis noxia (Hemiptera: Aphididae) fed on resistant and susceptible wheat plants. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5059.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Yang G, Pan F, Gan W-B. Stably maintained dendritic spines are associated with lifelong memories. Nature. 2009;462(7275):920-924.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Nie J, Stevens T, Song Y, et al. Pacific freshening drives Pliocene cooling and Asian monsoon intensification. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5474.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Milne D. The Psychology of Retirement. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Zhang Z, Siekmann J, eds. Knowledge Science, Engineering and Management: Second International Conference, KSEM 2007, Melbourne, Australia, November 28-30, 2007. Proceedings. Vol 4798. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Tashjian RZ. Rotator Cuff Tear in Athletes: Part I. Pathophysiology. In: Park J-Y, ed. Sports Injuries to the Shoulder and Elbow. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015:51-56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. How Spiders Spin Electrically Charged Threads. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/how-spiders-spin-electrically-charged-threads/. Published January 28, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Research and Development: Lessons Learned from Previous Research Could Benefit FreedomCAR Initiative. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Compagna-Doll VA. Unearthing the Third: The Crone in Depth Psychotherapy. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Walsh MW. Creditors of Stockton Fight City Over Pension Funding While in Bankruptcy. New York Times. August 24, 2012:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Exp. Hepatol.
ISSN (print)0973-6883
Scope

Other styles