How to format your references using the Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yang H (2014) China must continue the momentum of green law. Nature 509:535
A journal article with 2 authors
Morone F, Makse HA (2015) Influence maximization in complex networks through optimal percolation. Nature 524:65–68
A journal article with 3 authors
Grosman C, Zhou M, Auerbach A (2000) Mapping the conformational wave of acetylcholine receptor channel gating. Nature 403:773–776
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Deleris A, Gallego-Bartolome J, Bao J, et al (2006) Hierarchical action and inhibition of plant Dicer-like proteins in antiviral defense. Science 313:68–71

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lalanne C (2014) Specification Development. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Ho W (2007) Optimal Production Planning for PCB Assembly. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Thrun S (2006) Winning the DARPA Grand Challenge. In: Fürnkranz J, Scheffer T, Spiliopoulou M (eds) Knowledge Discovery in Databases: PKDD 2006: 10th European Conference on Principles and Practice of Knowledge Discovery in Databases Berlin, Germany, September 18-22, 2006 Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 4–4

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Flower Pharmacies Help Bees Fight Parasites. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) Public Education: Meeting the Needs of Students With Limited English Proficiency. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Amini B (2015) Linear Matrix Inequality Method for Periodic Systems. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon J (2017) T. I. Writes Letters to Obama and Trump. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yang 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Yang 2014; Morone and Makse 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Morone and Makse 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Deleris et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Industry, Competition and Trade
AbbreviationJ. Ind. Compet. Trade
ISSN (print)1566-1679
ISSN (online)1573-7012
ScopeIndustrial relations

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