How to format your references using the Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Robinson A (2008) A century of puzzling. Nature 453:990–991
A journal article with 2 authors
Stephens DJ, Allan VJ (2003) Light microscopy techniques for live cell imaging. Science 300:82–86
A journal article with 3 authors
Alexandre C, Baena-Lopez A, Vincent J-P (2014) Patterning and growth control by membrane-tethered Wingless. Nature 505:180–185
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Olson LE, Richtsmeier JT, Leszl J, Reeves RH (2004) A chromosome 21 critical region does not cause specific Down syndrome phenotypes. Science 306:687–690

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Coenen T (2008) Essentials of Corporate Fraud. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Adney WS, McMillan JD, Mielenz J, Klasson KT (eds) (2008) Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals: Proceedings of the Twenty-Ninth Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals Held April 29–May 2, 2007, in Denver, Colorado. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ
A chapter in an edited book
Philippou GN, Pantziara M (2015) Developments in Mathematics Teachers’ Efficacy Beliefs. In: Pepin B, Roesken-Winter B (eds) From beliefs to dynamic affect systems in mathematics education: Exploring a mosaic of relationships and interactions. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 95–117

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Scientists Successfully Insert Woolly Mammoth DNA Into Elephant Genome. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Mobile Device Location Data: Additional Federal Actions Could Help Protect Consumer Privacy. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bailey KM (2017) A Phenomenological Study of How Biblical Spiritual Disciplines Influence Women’s Character and Leadership Practices in Christian Faith-based Institutions in Higher Education in North America. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wines M (2014) It Only Seems That Political Corruption Is Rampant. New York Times A22

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Robinson 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Stephens and Allan 2003; Robinson 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stephens and Allan 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Olson et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Industry, Competition and Trade
AbbreviationJ. Ind. Compet. Trade
ISSN (print)1566-1679
ISSN (online)1573-7012
ScopeIndustrial relations

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