How to format your references using the Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade (J Ind Compet Trade). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meyer G (2015) Playing the field. Science 348:938
A journal article with 2 authors
Holm EA, Foiles SM (2010) How grain growth stops: a mechanism for grain-growth stagnation in pure materials. Science 328:1138–1141
A journal article with 3 authors
Cohen IG, Savulescu J, Adashi EY (2015) Medicine. Transatlantic lessons in regulation of mitochondrial replacement therapy. Science 348:178–180
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Honjoh S, Yamamoto T, Uno M, Nishida E (2009) Signalling through RHEB-1 mediates intermittent fasting-induced longevity in C. elegans. Nature 457:726–730

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Black R (2016) Pragmatic Software Testing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana
An edited book
Quarteroni A (2010) Scientific Computing with MATLAB and Octave. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Lane JI, Witte RJ (2010) Imaging Microscopy of the Temporal Bone: An Anatomy Tutorial. In: Witte RJ (ed) The Temporal Bone: An Imaging Atlas. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 97–98

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Dwarf Galaxies Fail To Match Expectations. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Government Financial Vulnerability: 14 Areas Needing Special Review. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Conner PA (2009) The STAR Math test as a predictor of Arkansas BenchmarkTest scores. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) Cameras, Action and Even Lights. New York Times D2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Meyer 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Meyer 2015, [CSL STYLE ERROR: reference with no printed form.]).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Holm and Foiles 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Honjoh et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Industry, Competition and Trade
AbbreviationJ. Ind. Compet. Trade
ISSN (print)1566-1679
ISSN (online)1573-7012
ScopeIndustrial relations

Other styles