How to format your references using the Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kemp M (2002) Science in culture: naturally natural. Albrecht Dürer’s studies of animals have a life of their own. Nature 420:744
A journal article with 2 authors
Wheeler TD, Stroock AD (2008) The transpiration of water at negative pressures in a synthetic tree. Nature 455:208–212
A journal article with 3 authors
Green ED, Watson JD, Collins FS (2015) Human Genome Project: Twenty-five years of big biology. Nature 526:29–31
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Grill SW, Gönczy P, Stelzer EH, Hyman AA (2001) Polarity controls forces governing asymmetric spindle positioning in the Caenorhabditis elegans embryo. Nature 409:630–633

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Veasey DA, McCormick LC, Hilyer BM, et al (2005) Confined Space Entry and Emergency Response. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Chaudhary H (2009) Dynamics and Balancing of Multibody Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Danese M, Lazzari M, Murgante B (2009) Integrated Geological, Geomorphological and Geostatistical Analysis to Study Macroseismic Effects of 1980 Irpinian Earthquake in Urban Areas (Southern Italy). In: Gervasi O, Taniar D, Murgante B, et al. (eds) Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2009: International Conference, Seoul, Korea, June 29-July 2, 2009, Proceedings, Part I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 50–65

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) NASA Hubble Telescope Sees A Storm In Lagoon Nebula. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973) Protecting the Consumer From Potentially Harmful Shellfish (Clams, Mussels, and Oysters). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sumi SJ (2015) Eco-Hydrology Driven Evaluation of Statistically Downscaled Precipitation CMIP5 Climate Model Simulations over Louisiana. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M (1992) THE TRANSITION: The President-Elect; CLINTON, SKETCHING PLAN FOR ECONOMY, COUNSELS PATIENCE. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kemp 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Kemp 2002; Wheeler and Stroock 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wheeler and Stroock 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Grill et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Industry, Competition and Trade
AbbreviationJ. Ind. Compet. Trade
ISSN (print)1566-1679
ISSN (online)1573-7012
ScopeIndustrial relations

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