How to format your references using the Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vogel G (2000) DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY: Brain Cells Turning Over a New Leaf. Science 289:1666a
A journal article with 2 authors
Marler JR, Goldstein LB (2003) Medicine. Stroke--tPA and the clinic. Science 301:1677
A journal article with 3 authors
Khan P, Jain H, Adarsh KV (2014) Role of Ge:As ratio in controlling the light-induced response of a-Ge(x)As(35-x)Se65 thin films. Sci Rep 4:4029
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Scott TW, Takken W, Knols BGJ, Boëte C (2002) The ecology of genetically modified mosquitoes. Science 298:117–119

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saksena FB (2015) Patient Studies in Valvular, Congenital, and Rarer Forms of Cardiovascular Disease. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Ding C, Shao Z, Zheng R (eds) (2010) Network and Parallel Computing: IFIP International Conference, NPC 2010, Zhengzhou, China, September 13-15, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Perello M, Raingo J (2014) Central Ghrelin Receptors and Food Intake. In: Portelli J, Smolders I (eds) Central Functions of the Ghrelin Receptor. Springer, New York, NY, pp 65–88

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Beautiful Park Spends Half The Year Completely Underwater. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1982) Federal Government’s Use of International Data Corporation’s Subscription Services. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lytle SC (2010) Giving voice to the past: New editions of select repertoire of the 26th Regiment Band, North Carolina troops, C.S.A. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2017) With New Injury, the Mets’ Training Program Is Again Questioned. New York Times B13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vogel 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Vogel 2000; Marler and Goldstein 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Marler and Goldstein 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Scott et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Industry, Competition and Trade
AbbreviationJ. Ind. Compet. Trade
ISSN (print)1566-1679
ISSN (online)1573-7012
ScopeIndustrial relations

Other styles