How to format your references using the Journal of Business Venturing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Business Venturing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Branco, T., 2011. Eppendorf winner. The language of dendrites. Science 334, 615–616.
A journal article with 2 authors
Barton, R.A., Harvey, P.H., 2000. Mosaic evolution of brain structure in mammals. Nature 405, 1055–1058.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jones, M.H., Bewsher, D., Brown, D.S., 2013. Imaging of a circumsolar dust ring near the orbit of Venus. Science 342, 960–963.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Manzke, T., Guenther, U., Ponimaskin, E.G., Haller, M., Dutschmann, M., Schwarzacher, S., Richter, D.W., 2003. 5-HT4(a) receptors avert opioid-induced breathing depression without loss of analgesia. Science 301, 226–229.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dixon, B., Uddameri, V., 2015. GIS and Geocomputation for Water Resource Science and Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Rojas, I., Joya, G., Cabestany, J. (Eds.), 2013. Advances in Computational Intelligence: 12th International Work-Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, IWANN 2013, Puerto de la Cruz, Tenerife, Spain, June 12-14, 2013, Proceedings, Part II, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Bologna, S., Fasani, A., Martellini, M., 2013. From Fortress to Resilience, in: Martellini, M. (Ed.), Cyber Security: Deterrence and IT Protection for Critical Infrastructures, SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 53–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Business Venturing.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2017. Scientists Create “BioClay” In Groundbreaking Step Towards Pest-Free Crops [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. Urban Transportation: Metropolitan Planning Organizations’ Efforts to Meet Federal Planning Requirements (No. RCED-96-200). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morrow, S.T., 2012. Coboundary theorems for collections of random variables with moment conditions (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, P., 2017. President Assails ‘Joke’ Justice And Seeks Visa Program’s End. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Branco, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Barton and Harvey, 2000; Branco, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Barton and Harvey, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Manzke et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Business Venturing
AbbreviationJ. Bus. Venturing
ISSN (print)0883-9026
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Management of Technology and Innovation

Other styles