How to format your references using the Journal of Business Venturing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Business Venturing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stuessy, T.F., 2006. Evolutionary biology: Sympatric plant speciation in islands? Nature 443, E12; discussion E12-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chouard, T., Venema, L., 2015. Machine intelligence. Nature 521, 435.
A journal article with 3 authors
Soroceanu, L., Akhavan, A., Cobbs, C.S., 2008. Platelet-derived growth factor-alpha receptor activation is required for human cytomegalovirus infection. Nature 455, 391–395.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nowakowski, T.J., Bhaduri, A., Pollen, A.A., Alvarado, B., Mostajo-Radji, M.A., Di Lullo, E., Haeussler, M., Sandoval-Espinosa, C., Liu, S.J., Velmeshev, D., Ounadjela, J.R., Shuga, J., Wang, X., Lim, D.A., West, J.A., Leyrat, A.A., Kent, W.J., Kriegstein, A.R., 2017. Spatiotemporal gene expression trajectories reveal developmental hierarchies of the human cortex. Science 358, 1318–1323.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Willan, A.R., Briggs, A.H., 2006. Statistical Analysis of Cost-effectiveness Data. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Guyenne, P., Nicholls, D., Sulem, C. (Eds.), 2015. Hamiltonian Partial Differential Equations and Applications, 1st ed. 2015. ed, Fields Institute Communications. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Matsuoka, S., 2007. The TSUBAME Cluster Experience a Year Later, and onto Petascale TSUBAME 2.0, in: Cappello, F., Herault, T., Dongarra, J. (Eds.), Recent Advances in Parallel Virtual Machine and Message Passing Interface: 14th European PVM/MPI User’s Group Meeting, Paris, France, September 30 - October 3, 2007. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 8–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Business Venturing.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Creationism Banned From Science Classes By Scottish Government [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. GAO Update on the Number of Prekindergarten Care and Education Programs (No. GAO-05-678R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ortega, R., 2012. Effects of cultural and linguistic differences in breast cancer screening behaviors among elderly Latina women (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Casey, N., 2016. Rebel Group in Colombia Enters Talks. New York Times A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stuessy, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Chouard and Venema, 2015; Stuessy, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chouard and Venema, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Nowakowski et al., 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Business Venturing
AbbreviationJ. Bus. Venturing
ISSN (print)0883-9026
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Management of Technology and Innovation

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