How to format your references using the Journal of Business Venturing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Business Venturing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pan, J., 2009. China expects leadership from rich nations. Nature 461, 1055.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schumacher, T.N., Schreiber, R.D., 2015. Neoantigens in cancer immunotherapy. Science 348, 69–74.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kikushima, K., Kita, S., Higuchi, H., 2013. A non-invasive imaging for the in vivo tracking of high-speed vesicle transport in mouse neutrophils. Sci. Rep. 3, 1913.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, X., Wang, X., Zhang, L., Lee, S., Dai, H., 2008. Chemically derived, ultrasmooth graphene nanoribbon semiconductors. Science 319, 1229–1232.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Devolder, P., Janssen, J., Manca, R., 2012. Stochastic Methods for Pension Funds. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Besley, T. (Ed.), 2016. Contemporary Issues in Development Economics, International Economic Association Series. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Jesi, G.P., Montresor, A., Babaoglu, O., 2006. Proximity-Aware Superpeer Overlay Topologies, in: Keller, A., Martin-Flatin, J.-P. (Eds.), Self-Managed Networks, Systems, and Services: Second IEEE International Workshop, SelfMan 2006, Dublin, Ireland, June 16, 2006. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 43–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Business Venturing.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2016. The Oceans Are Losing Their Largest Species [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. GAO Update on the Number of Prekindergarten Care and Education Programs (No. GAO-05-678R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oppenheimer, C., 2010. Use of bibliotherapy as an adjunctive therapy with bereaved children: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Curran, M., 2015. New Yorkers for White Sauce. New York Times A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pan, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Pan, 2009; Schumacher and Schreiber, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schumacher and Schreiber, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Business Venturing
AbbreviationJ. Bus. Venturing
ISSN (print)0883-9026
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Management of Technology and Innovation

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