How to format your references using the Journal of Business Venturing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Business Venturing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Davidson, A.L., 2002. Structural biology. Not just another ABC transporter. Science 296, 1038–1040.
A journal article with 2 authors
Oeppen, J., Vaupel, J.W., 2002. Demography. Broken limits to life expectancy. Science 296, 1029–1031.
A journal article with 3 authors
Song, J., Ji, C., Zhang, J.Z.H., 2013. Unveiling the gating mechanism of ECF transporter RibU. Sci. Rep. 3, 3566.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Singer, P.A., Berndtson, K., Tracy, C.S., Cohen, E.R.M., Masum, H., Lavery, J.V., Daar, A.S., 2007. A tough transition. Nature 449, 160–163.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sailor, M.J., 2011. Porous Silicon in Practice. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Anderson, E., 2016. The Changing Dynamics of Bisexual Men’s Lives: Social Research Perspectives, Focus on Sexuality Research. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Kiayias, A., Zhou, H.-S., 2006. Concurrent Blind Signatures Without Random Oracles, in: Prisco, R.D., Yung, M. (Eds.), Security and Cryptography for Networks: 5th International Conference, SCN 2006, Maiori, Italy, September 6-8, 2006. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 49–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Business Venturing.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. Whale Of A Problem: Why Do Humpback Whales Protect Other Species From Attack? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. National Airspace System: Persistent Problems in FAA’s New Navigation System Highlight Need for Periodic Reevaluation (No. RCED/AIMD-00-130). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shaker, G., 2008. Off the track: The full-time nontenure -track faculty experience in English (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K., 2002. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: U.S. Begins Return Of Soviet Documents. New York Times A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Davidson, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Davidson, 2002; Oeppen and Vaupel, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Oeppen and Vaupel, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Singer et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Business Venturing
AbbreviationJ. Bus. Venturing
ISSN (print)0883-9026
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Management of Technology and Innovation

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