How to format your references using the Journal of Business Venturing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Business Venturing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brumfiel, G., 2003. Gravity experiment sparks spat between physicists. Nature 421, 198.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chin, L., Gray, J.W., 2008. Translating insights from the cancer genome into clinical practice. Nature 452, 553–563.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huntington, J.A., Read, R.J., Carrell, R.W., 2000. Structure of a serpin-protease complex shows inhibition by deformation. Nature 407, 923–926.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chen, Y., Yang, L., Ren, F., An, K., 2014. Visualizing the structural evolution of LSM/xYSZ composite cathodes for SOFC by in-situ neutron diffraction. Sci. Rep. 4, 5179.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bernheim, M.L.C., 2008. Ciba Foundation Symposium 39 - Monoamine Oxidase and its Inhibition: Ciba/Monoamine, Novartis Foundation Symposia. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Fahrner, W.R. (Ed.), 2005. Nanotechnology and Nanoelectronics: Materials, Devices, Measurement Techniques. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Hadjab, H., Arbia, A., Boulekfouf, O., 2014. The Use of Ultrasonic Waves and Analytical Modeling to Estimate Elasticity Modulus of Rubber Concrete Specimen, in: Öchsner, A., Altenbach, H. (Eds.), Design and Computation of Modern Engineering Materials, Advanced Structured Materials. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 49–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Business Venturing.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Cancer Drugs Help Paralyzed Mice Walk Again [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. FAA Registry Systems: Key Steps Need to Be Performed Before Modernization Proceeds (No. IMTEC-91-29). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bratton, K.J., 2014. Modeling and Control of Heterogeneous Tumors Under Chemotherapy (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. Wheeler’s Solid Start Helps Mets Win. New York Times B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brumfiel, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Brumfiel, 2003; Chin and Gray, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chin and Gray, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Business Venturing
AbbreviationJ. Bus. Venturing
ISSN (print)0883-9026
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Management of Technology and Innovation

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