How to format your references using the Journal of Industrial Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Industrial Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dalibard, J. 2009. Journal club. A quantum-gas specialist learns about crystals from his own science. Nature 457(7230): 639.
A journal article with 2 authors
Warren, L.A. and M.E. Kauffman. 2003. Geoscience. Microbial geoengineers. Science (New York, N.Y.) 299(5609): 1027–1029.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cronberg, N., R. Natcheva, and K. Hedlund. 2006. Microarthropods mediate sperm transfer in mosses. Science (New York, N.Y.) 313(5791): 1255.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Achterhold, K., M. Bech, S. Schleede, G. Potdevin, R. Ruth, R. Loewen, and F. Pfeiffer. 2013. Monochromatic computed tomography with a compact laser-driven X-ray source. Scientific Reports 3: 1313.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wiebe, V.J. 2015. Drug Therapy for Infectious Diseases of the Dog and Cat. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, August 24.
An edited book
Salvadori, L., ed. 2011. Stability Problems. Vol. 65. C.I.M.E. Summer Schools. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Grimaldi, L., G. Bontron, and P. Balayn. 2014. Hydraulic Modelling for Rhône River Operation. In Advances in Hydroinformatics: SIMHYDRO 2012 – New Frontiers of Simulation, ed. by Philippe Gourbesville, Jean Cunge, and Guy Caignaert, 35–45. Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Industrial Ecology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. Could A Robot Do Your Job? Short Answer: Yes. IFLScience. IFLScience, April 20. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1987. Maritime Administration: Efforts To Improve Data on the Federal Ship Financing Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, August 28.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Webber, N.T. 2012. Peptide ion conformation studies and the 157 nm photofragmentation of arginine containing dipeptides. Doctoral dissertation, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. 2017. Rolling Stones, Gathering Regrets. New York Times, July 26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dalibard 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Dalibard 2009; Warren and Kauffman 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Warren and Kauffman 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Achterhold et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Industrial Ecology
AbbreviationJ. Ind. Ecol.
ISSN (print)1088-1980
ISSN (online)1530-9290
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
General Social Sciences

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