How to format your references using the Journal of Industrial Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Industrial Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
White, B.T. 2012. IBI series winner. Aipotu: simulation from nucleotides to populations and back again. Science (New York, N.Y.) 337(6093): 424–425.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shapiro, E. and B. Gil. 2008. Cell biology. RNA computing in a living cell. Science (New York, N.Y.) 322(5900): 387–388.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ding, Y.S., C.T. Chan, and R.P. Wang. 2013. Optical waves in a gradient negative-index lens of a half-infinite length. Scientific Reports 3: 2954.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lemarchand, D., J. Gaillardet, E. Lewin, and C.J. Allègre. 2000. The influence of rivers on marine boron isotopes and implications for reconstructing past ocean pH. Nature 408(6815): 951–954.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lavagnini, I., F. Magno, R. Seraglia, and P. Traldi. 2006. Quantitative Applications of Mass Spectrometry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, July 3.
An edited book
Holmes, W.H. 2014. Statistical Literacy for Clinical Practitioners. Ed. by William C. Rinaman. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Calzada, M.M. 2011. Ferroelectrics onto Substrates Prepared by Chemical Solution Deposition: From the Thin Film to the Self-Assembled Nano-sized Structures. In Multifunctional Polycrystalline Ferroelectric Materials: Processing and Properties, ed. by Jesús Ricote, 93–144. Springer Series in Materials Science. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Industrial Ecology.

Blog post
Andrews, R. 2015. World’s Ten Most Dangerous Volcanoes Identified. IFLScience. IFLScience, November 16. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. The Space Transportation System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, March 9.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ho, L. 2012. Determination of Ibuprofen Isotherm Using Supercritical Fluid Chromatography. Doctoral dissertation, Tampa, FL: University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
MERCED, M.J. de la. 2017. Huntsman Is Said to Be Close to Merger With Clariant. New York Times, May 22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (White 2012).
This sentence cites two references (White 2012; Shapiro and Gil 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shapiro and Gil 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Lemarchand et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Industrial Ecology
AbbreviationJ. Ind. Ecol.
ISSN (print)1088-1980
ISSN (online)1530-9290
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
General Social Sciences

Other styles