How to format your references using the Journal of Industrial Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Industrial Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon, D. 2003. When the chips are down. Nature 424(6948): 585.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cuervo, R. and J. Chimal-Monroy. 2013. Chemical activation of RARβ induces post-embryonically bilateral limb duplication during Xenopus limb regeneration. Scientific Reports 3: 1886.
A journal article with 3 authors
Springel, V., C.S. Frenk, and S.D.M. White. 2006. The large-scale structure of the Universe. Nature 440(7088): 1137–1144.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zrenner, A., E. Beham, S. Stufler, F. Findeis, M. Bichler, and G. Abstreiter. 2002. Coherent properties of a two-level system based on a quantum-dot photodiode. Nature 418(6898): 612–614.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Beaumont, W.R.C. 2016. Electricity in fish research and management. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, April 5.
An edited book
Benatallah, Boualem, Azer Bestavros, Yannis Manolopoulos, Athena Vakali, and Yanchun Zhang, eds. 2014. Web Information Systems Engineering – WISE 2014: 15th International Conference, Thessaloniki, Greece, October 12-14, 2014, Proceedings, Part II. Vol. 8787. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Noble, J., R. Piddocke, and D. Bakmand-Mikalski. 2011. The Search User Interface. In Pro SharePoint 2010 Search, ed. by Robert Piddocke and Dan Bakmand-Mikalski, 121–177. Berkeley, CA: Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Industrial Ecology.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2015. Can Bacteria Help Save Bats From a Deadly Fungus? IFLScience. IFLScience, June 24. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1973. Need for the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration To Improve Certain Aspects of Its Management of the Law Enforcement Education Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, October 29.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Racho, M.O. 2012. Attributes of Asian American senior leaders who have retained their cultural identity and been successful in American corporations. Doctoral dissertation, Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J.B. 2017. Tax Reform for the Wealthy: Lower Rates but Lose Breaks. New York Times, September 21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gershon 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Gershon 2003; Cuervo and Chimal-Monroy 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cuervo and Chimal-Monroy 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Zrenner et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Industrial Ecology
AbbreviationJ. Ind. Ecol.
ISSN (print)1088-1980
ISSN (online)1530-9290
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
General Social Sciences

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