How to format your references using the Journal of Industrial Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Industrial Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yartsev, M.M. 2013. Eppendorf. Space bats: multidimensional spatial representation in the bat. Science (New York, N.Y.) 342(6158): 573–574.
A journal article with 2 authors
Howard, J.A.K. and M.R. Probert. 2014. Cutting-edge techniques used for the structural investigation of single crystals. Science (New York, N.Y.) 343(6175): 1098–1102.
A journal article with 3 authors
Halter, W.E., T. Pettke, and C.A. Heinrich. 2002. The origin of Cu/Au ratios in porphyry-type ore deposits. Science (New York, N.Y.) 296(5574): 1844–1846.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zhou, Y.-Q., N.-X. Wang, Y. Xing, Y.-J. Wang, X.-W. Hong, J.-X. Zhang, D.-D. Chen, J.-B. Geng, Y. Dang, and Z.-X. Wang. 2013. Stable acyclic aliphatic solid enols: synthesis, characterization, X-ray structure analysis and calculations. Scientific Reports 3: 1058.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blevins, R.D. 2015. Formulas for Dynamics, Acoustics and Vibration. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, November 20.
An edited book
Gong, Y. 2007. Machine Learning for Multimedia Content Analysis. Ed. by Wei Xu. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Fleenor, B.S. and A.J. Berrones. 2015. Interventions to Destiffen Arteries. In Arterial Stiffness: Implications and Interventions, ed. by Adam J. Berrones, 43–57. SpringerBriefs in Physiology. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Industrial Ecology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. Why You Can Blame Evolution For Your Back Ache. IFLScience. IFLScience, November 15. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1982. Can the Federal Communications Commission Successfully Implement Its Computer II Decision? Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, January 29.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Spezia, K. 2015. Numerical Modeling of Fluid Flow and Heat Transfers in Porous Media. Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. 2007. Sublime Indian Sweets. New York Times, January 14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yartsev 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Yartsev 2013; Howard and Probert 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Howard and Probert 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhou et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Industrial Ecology
AbbreviationJ. Ind. Ecol.
ISSN (print)1088-1980
ISSN (online)1530-9290
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
General Social Sciences

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