How to format your references using the Journal of Industrial Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Industrial Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rausher, M.D. 2007. Comment on “Evolutionary paths underlying flower color variation in Antirrhinum.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 315(5811): 461; author reply 461.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pandey, A. and M. Mann. 2000. Proteomics to study genes and genomes. Nature 405(6788): 837–846.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bollasina, M.A., Y. Ming, and V. Ramaswamy. 2011. Anthropogenic aerosols and the weakening of the South Asian summer monsoon. Science (New York, N.Y.) 334(6055): 502–505.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lewis, A.C., N. Carslaw, P.J. Marriott, R.M. Kinghorn, P. Morrison, A.L. Lee, K.D. Bartle, and M.J. Pilling. 2000. A larger pool of ozone-forming carbon compounds in urban atmospheres. Nature 405(6788): 778–781.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bisswanger, H. 2017. Enzyme Kinetics. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, September 5.
An edited book
Kole, Chittaranjan, ed. 2011. Wild Crop Relatives: Genomic and Breeding Resources: Legume Crops and Forages. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Raz, E., E. Tinelli, F. D’Ambrosio, and F. Caramia. 2013. Intracranial Circulation. In Cardiovascular CT and MR Imaging: From Technique to Clinical Interpretation, ed. by Carlo Catalano, Michele Anzidei, and Alessandro Napoli, 71–91. Milano: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Industrial Ecology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. 2016. Astronomers Have Found The Roundest Object In The Universe. IFLScience. IFLScience, November 18. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Air Traffic Control: Surveillance Radar Request for the Cherry Capital Airport. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, May 28.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bain Butler, D. 2010. How L2 legal writers use strategies for scholarly writing: A mixed methods study. Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J.B. 2017. In Ruling on Insider Trading, A Court Restores Rationality. New York Times, September 14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rausher 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Rausher 2007; Pandey and Mann 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pandey and Mann 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Lewis et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Industrial Ecology
AbbreviationJ. Ind. Ecol.
ISSN (print)1088-1980
ISSN (online)1530-9290
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
General Social Sciences

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