How to format your references using the Journal of Industrial Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Industrial Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Friedman, N. 2004. Inferring cellular networks using probabilistic graphical models. Science (New York, N.Y.) 303(5659): 799–805.
A journal article with 2 authors
Armstrong, J.B. and D.E. Schindler. 2011. Excess digestive capacity in predators reflects a life of feast and famine. Nature 476(7358): 84–87.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hillebrandt, H., K.J. Friston, and S.-J. Blakemore. 2014. Effective connectivity during animacy perception--dynamic causal modelling of Human Connectome Project data. Scientific Reports 4: 6240.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wang, S., J. Huang, Y. He, and Y. Guan. 2014. Combined effects of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation and El Niño-Southern Oscillation on global land dry-wet changes. Scientific Reports 4: 6651.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pagliaro, M. 2010. Nano-Age. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, June 23.
An edited book
Kärkkäinen, Juha, and Jens Stoye, eds. 2012. Combinatorial Pattern Matching: 23rd Annual Symposium, CPM 2012, Helsinki, Finland, July 3-5, 2012. Proceedings. Vol. 7354. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Minarovits, J. 2006. Epigenotypes of Latent Herpesvirus Genomes. In DNA Methylation: Development, Genetic Disease and Cancer, ed. by Walter Doerfler and Petra Böhm, 61–80. Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Industrial Ecology.

Blog post
Davis, J. 2016. The Bacteria In Our Gut May Influence Our Response To Certain Cancer Treatments. IFLScience. IFLScience, November 8. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. School Lunch Program: Efforts Needed to Improve Nutrition and Encourage Healthy Eating. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, May 9.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Valencia, G.M. 2015. A Phenomenological Study of Adults Earning a Graduate Degree after Age 60. Doctoral dissertation, La Jolla, CA: University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. 2016. Commuters Catch a Tune, and Then the Bus Home. New York Times, October 19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Friedman 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Friedman 2004; Armstrong and Schindler 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Armstrong and Schindler 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Industrial Ecology
AbbreviationJ. Ind. Ecol.
ISSN (print)1088-1980
ISSN (online)1530-9290
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
General Social Sciences

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