How to format your references using the Archive for History of Exact Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archive for History of Exact Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tanaka, K. L. 2000. PLANETARY SCIENCE: Fountains of Youth. Science (New York, N.Y.) 288: 2325.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tessier, Peter M., and Susan Lindquist. 2007. Prion recognition elements govern nucleation, strain specificity and species barriers. Nature 447: 556–561.
A journal article with 3 authors
Giovannetti, V., S. Lloyd, and L. Maccone. 2001. Quantum-enhanced positioning and clock synchronization. Nature 412: 417–419.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Furutani, Shogo, Yuri Nakatani, Yuka Miura, Makoto Ihara, Kenji Kai, Hideo Hayashi, and Kazuhiko Matsuda. 2014. GluCl a target of indole alkaloid okaramines: a 25 year enigma solved. Scientific reports 4: 6190.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Thyagarajan, K. S. 2010. Still Image and Video Compression with MATLAB. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Oestreicher, Andreas, and Markus Hammer, ed. 2014. Taxation of Income from Domestic and Cross-border Collective Investment: A Qualitative and Quantitative Comparison. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Teodor, Virgil, Marian Cucu, and Nicolae Oancea. 2009. The Worm Cutter Tool Profiling Based on Discreet Surfaces Representation. In Proceedings of the European Computing Conference: Volume 2, ed. Nikos Mastorakis, Valeri Mladenov, and Vassiliki T. Kontargyri, 49–62. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archive for History of Exact Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. Seven Sperm Whales Mysteriously Found Dead On Australian Beach. IFLScience. IFLScience. December 9.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Army Battlefield Automation: Oversight Needed to Assure Integrated System. IMTEC-90-78. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Saifman, Heather P. 2017. Millennial Nurse Manager Perspectives on Their Leadership Roles in the Hospital Setting: A Phenomenological Inquiry. Doctoral dissertation, Boca Raton, FL: Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, Mary J. O. 2016. 105 Years Ago. New York Times, June 24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tanaka 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Tanaka 2000; Tessier and Lindquist 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tessier and Lindquist 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Furutani et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchive for History of Exact Sciences
AbbreviationArch. Hist. Exact Sci.
ISSN (print)0003-9519
ISSN (online)1432-0657
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science
Mathematics (miscellaneous)

Other styles