How to format your references using the Archive for History of Exact Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archive for History of Exact Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Killian, Thomas C. 2007. Ultracold neutral plasmas. Science (New York, N.Y.) 316: 705–708.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sánchez, Irma, and Brian D. Dynlacht. 2014. Cell biology: Short RNAs and shortness of breath. Nature 510: 40–42.
A journal article with 3 authors
Savill, John, Chris Gregory, and Chris Haslett. 2003. Cell biology. Eat me or die. Science (New York, N.Y.) 302: 1516–1517.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Yamasaki, Masayuki, Wei Li, Daniel J. D. Johnson, and James A. Huntington. 2008. Crystal structure of a stable dimer reveals the molecular basis of serpin polymerization. Nature 455: 1255–1258.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Toptygin, Igor N. 2015. Electromagnetic Phenomena in Matter. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Karthikeyan, Obulisamy Parthiba, Kirsten Heimann, and Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu, ed. 2016. Recycling of Solid Waste for Biofuels and Bio-chemicals. Environmental Footprints and Eco-Design of Products and Processes. Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Belopolskaya, Ya. 2014. Probabilistic Counterparts for Strongly Coupled Parabolic Systems. In Topics in Statistical Simulation: Research Papers from the 7th International Workshop on Statistical Simulation, ed. V. B. Melas, Stefania Mignani, Paola Monari, and Luigi Salmaso, 47–55. Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archive for History of Exact Sciences.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2016. Watch Live As Two Astronauts Perform A Spacewalk On The ISS Today. IFLScience. IFLScience. August 19.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1979. Supplemental Security Income Computerized System Development Process. HRD-80-5. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
VanQuickenborne, Terry. 2010. Exploring generative change. Doctoral dissertation, Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, Ben. 2017. This Jet Still Answers to ‘Coach.’ New York Times, September 15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Killian 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Killian 2007; Sánchez and Dynlacht 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sánchez and Dynlacht 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Yamasaki et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchive for History of Exact Sciences
AbbreviationArch. Hist. Exact Sci.
ISSN (print)0003-9519
ISSN (online)1432-0657
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science
Mathematics (miscellaneous)

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