How to format your references using the Archive for History of Exact Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archive for History of Exact Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gibbons, A. 2000. GENOMICS: Building a Case for Sequencing the Chimp. Science (New York, N.Y.) 289: 1267a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Matsumoto, Masayuki, and Okihide Hikosaka. 2007. Lateral habenula as a source of negative reward signals in dopamine neurons. Nature 447: 1111–1115.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, Hyun-Jung, Jun-Ho Lee, and Jun-Hyung Cho. 2014. Antiferromagnetic Slater insulator phase of Na₂IrO₃. Scientific reports 4: 5253.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Mazurek, M. D., K. M. Schreiter, R. Prevedel, R. Kaltenbaek, and K. J. Resch. 2013. Dispersion-cancelled biological imaging with quantum-inspired interferometry. Scientific reports 3: 1582.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pandrea, Nicolae, and Nicolae-Doru Stănescu. 2015. Dynamics of the Rigid Solid with General Constraints by a Multibody Approach. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Cole, David R., and Christine Woodrow, ed. 2016. Super Dimensions in Globalisation and Education. Vol. 5. Cultural Studies and Transdisciplinarity in Education. Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cheng, Howard, and George Labahn. 2014. A Practical Implementation of a Modular Algorithm for Ore Polynomial Matrices. In Computer Mathematics: 9th Asian Symposium (ASCM2009), Fukuoka, December 2009, 10th Asian Symposium (ASCM2012), Beijing, October 2012, Contributed Papers and Invited Talks, ed. Ruyong Feng, Wen-Shin Lee, and Yosuke Sato, 49–59. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archive for History of Exact Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. Should British Universities Worry About A Lack Of Nobel Prizes In The 21st Century? IFLScience. IFLScience. August 9.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1971. Need for Disclosing Items Developed in Programs Funded Under Federal Grants. 093038. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Webb, C. Travis. 2009. “The mirroring that binds into freedom”: Stevens, Jeffers, Heidegger and the inhuman. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, Mary. 2011. New Nets Announcer Shows Flair and Hair. New York Times, December 20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gibbons 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gibbons 2000; Matsumoto and Hikosaka 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Matsumoto and Hikosaka 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Mazurek et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchive for History of Exact Sciences
AbbreviationArch. Hist. Exact Sci.
ISSN (print)0003-9519
ISSN (online)1432-0657
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science
Mathematics (miscellaneous)

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