How to format your references using the Archive for History of Exact Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archive for History of Exact Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Errico, Alessia. 2015. Judge by actions, not words. Nature 522: 393.
A journal article with 2 authors
Carr, M. H., and J. Garvin. 2001. Mars exploration. Nature 412: 250–253.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hu, Shaowei, Takanori Shima, and Zhaomin Hou. 2014. Carbon-carbon bond cleavage and rearrangement of benzene by a trinuclear titanium hydride. Nature 512: 413–415.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Banerjee, Anirban, Wei Yang, Martin Karplus, and Gregory L. Verdine. 2005. Structure of a repair enzyme interrogating undamaged DNA elucidates recognition of damaged DNA. Nature 434: 612–618.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rasch, Dieter, and Dieter Schott. 2015. Mathematische Statistik. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Dudin, Alexander, Anatoly Nazarov, and Rafael Yakupov, ed. 2015. Information Technologies and Mathematical Modelling - Queueing Theory and Applications: 14th International Scientific Conference, ITMM 2015, named after A. F. Terpugov, Anzhero-Sudzhensk, Russia, November 18-22, 2015, Proceedings. Vol. 564. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kakehi, Yasuaki, and Takeshi Naemura. 2010. Optical Design of Tabletop Displays and Interactive Applications. In Tabletops - Horizontal Interactive Displays, ed. Christian Müller-Tomfelde, 101–129. Human-Computer Interaction Series. London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archive for History of Exact Sciences.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2017. Martian Resonance Found In 87-Million-Year-Old Rocks Confirms A Chaotic Solar System. IFLScience. IFLScience. February 22.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2004. Survey of Supervisors at U.S. Attorneys’ Offices, an E-supplement to GAO-04-422. GAO-04-616SP. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mbwiri, Francis I. 2017. Remedial Math Instruction Intervention: Efficacy of Constructivist Practices on Alternative Students with Disabilities Mathematics Achievement. Doctoral dissertation, Scottsdale, AZ: Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. 2011. In the Motor City, Success on the Field and Hope Off It. New York Times, October 4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Errico 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Carr and Garvin 2001; Errico 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Carr and Garvin 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Banerjee et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchive for History of Exact Sciences
AbbreviationArch. Hist. Exact Sci.
ISSN (print)0003-9519
ISSN (online)1432-0657
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science
Mathematics (miscellaneous)

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