How to format your references using the Archive for History of Exact Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archive for History of Exact Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon, D. 2000. Canada catalyses health research with thirteen virtual institutes. Nature 407: 113–114.
A journal article with 2 authors
Green, Douglas R., and Guido Kroemer. 2009. Cytoplasmic functions of the tumour suppressor p53. Nature 458: 1127–1130.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ju, Sang-Yong, William P. Kopcha, and Fotios Papadimitrakopoulos. 2009. Brightly fluorescent single-walled carbon nanotubes via an oxygen-excluding surfactant organization. Science (New York, N.Y.) 323: 1319–1323.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Meijers, Rob, Roland Puettmann-Holgado, Georgios Skiniotis, Jin-Huan Liu, Thomas Walz, Jia-Huai Wang, and Dietmar Schmucker. 2007. Structural basis of Dscam isoform specificity. Nature 449: 487–491.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Edwards, Davis W. 2014. Risk Management in Trading. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Eggersglüß, Stephan. 2012. High Quality Test Pattern Generation and Boolean Satisfiability. Edited by Rolf Drechsler. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Magin, Stephanie, Frank Huber, and Andreas Herrmann. 2015. Determinants of Teenagers’ Brand Buying Behavior — Development of a Structural Equation Model. In New Meanings for Marketing in a New Millennium: Proceedings of the 2001 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference, ed. Melissa Moore and Robert S. Moore, 12–16. Developments in Marketing Science: Proceedings of the Academy of Marketing Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archive for History of Exact Sciences.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2017. Study Shows Evidence Supporting The Idea Of A Holographic Universe. IFLScience. IFLScience. January 31.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Improvements Needed in DOT’s Hazardous Materials Rail Safety Program. T-RCED-90-13. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luvani, Kuldeep D. 2017. AIRtouch: An Intelligent Virtual Keyboard. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, Ben. 2017. Boris Without Beatrice. New York Times, September 7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gershon 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gershon 2000; Green and Kroemer 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Green and Kroemer 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Meijers et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchive for History of Exact Sciences
AbbreviationArch. Hist. Exact Sci.
ISSN (print)0003-9519
ISSN (online)1432-0657
ScopeHistory and Philosophy of Science
Mathematics (miscellaneous)

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