How to format your references using the Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Browse, J. (2010). Plant science. Saving the bilayer. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6001), 185–186.
A journal article with 2 authors
Droser, M. L., & Gehling, J. G. (2012). Paleontology. Old and groovy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6089), 1646–1647.
A journal article with 3 authors
Duderstadt, K. E., Chuang, K., & Berger, J. M. (2011). DNA stretching by bacterial initiators promotes replication origin opening. Nature, 478(7368), 209–213.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Benedetti, L., Sogne, E., Rodighiero, S., Marchesi, D., Milani, P., & Francolini, M. (2014). Customized patterned substrates for highly versatile correlative light-scanning electron microscopy. Scientific reports, 4, 7033.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Obayya, S., Hameed, M. F. O., & Areed, N. F. F. (2016). Computational Liquid Crystal Photonics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Chan, L., & Tse, V. (Eds.). (2013). Multidisciplinary Care of Urinary Incontinence: A Handbook for Health Professionals. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kaidanovskii, N. L. (2012). The Department of Radio Astronomy of the Main Astronomical Observatory of the USSR Academy of Sciences. In S. Y. Braude, A. E. Salomonovich, V. A. Samanian, I. S. Shklovskii, R. L. Sorochenko, V. S. Troitskii, et al. (Eds.), A Brief History of Radio Astronomy in the USSR: A Collection of Scientific Essays (pp. 117–135). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 27). Five Reasons To Teach Robotics In Schools. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Gender Equity: Men’s and Women’s Participation in Higher Education (No. HEHS-00-24). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roberson, B. N. (2013). Motivation towards learning perceived in Socratic seminar versus traditional lecture (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Cooper, M., & Walsh, M. W. (2011, April 26). Public Pensions, Once Off Limits, Face Budget Cuts. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Browse 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Browse 2010; Droser and Gehling 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Droser and Gehling 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Benedetti et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research
ISSN (print)0970-7794
ISSN (online)2363-9962

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