How to format your references using the Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Webb, P. (2010). Science education and literacy: imperatives for the developed and developing world. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5977), 448–450.
A journal article with 2 authors
Levitas, V. I., & Attariani, H. (2013). Anisotropic compositional expansion and chemical potential for amorphous lithiated silicon under stress tensor. Scientific reports, 3, 1615.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thomas, J. A., Simcox, D. J., & Clarke, R. T. (2009). Successful conservation of a threatened Maculinea butterfly. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5936), 80–83.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Stierle, A., Renner, F., Streitel, R., Dosch, H., Drube, W., & Cowie, B. C. (2004). X-ray diffraction study of the ultrathin Al2O3 layer on NiAl110. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5664), 1652–1656.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Karr, R. (2009). Lead, Sell, or Get Out of the Way. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Noguera, P., Pierce, J., & Ahram, R. (Eds.). (2016). Race, Equity, and Education: Sixty Years from Brown. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Gavalec, M., Ramík, J., & Zimmermann, K. (2015). Interval Eigenproblem in Max-Min Algebra. In J. Ramík & K. Zimmermann (Eds.), Decision Making and Optimization: Special Matrices and Their Applications in Economics and Management (pp. 163–181). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, September 8). How Dams Are Poisoning The Arctic. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Automated Information Systems: Schedule Delays and Cost Overruns Plague DOD Systems (No. IMTEC-89-36). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bowman, K. (2017). A Close Look at the 2014 Passage of the Illinois County School Facility Sales Tax in Greene County (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., & Lehren, A. W. (2014, September 11). Modified Training for Children Stirs New Debates. New York Times, p. B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Webb 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Levitas and Attariani 2013; Webb 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Levitas and Attariani 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Stierle et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research
ISSN (print)0970-7794
ISSN (online)2363-9962

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