How to format your references using the Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A. (2000). CERN considers chasing up hints of Higgs boson. European Laboratory for Particle Physics. Nature, 407(6800), 8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Silver, P. G., & Behn, M. D. (2008). Intermittent plate tectonics? Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5859), 85–88.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gray-Schopfer, V., Wellbrock, C., & Marais, R. (2007). Melanoma biology and new targeted therapy. Nature, 445(7130), 851–857.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Straight, A. F., Cheung, A., Limouze, J., Chen, I., Westwood, N. J., Sellers, J. R., & Mitchison, T. J. (2003). Dissecting temporal and spatial control of cytokinesis with a myosin II Inhibitor. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5613), 1743–1747.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chapman, B. R., & Bolen, E. G. (2015). Ecology of North America. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Daras, N. J. (Ed.). (2014). Applications of Mathematics and Informatics in Science and Engineering (Vol. 91). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Chepoi, V., & Estellon, B. (2007). Packing and Covering δ-Hyperbolic Spaces by Balls. In M. Charikar, K. Jansen, O. Reingold, & J. D. P. Rolim (Eds.), Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques: 10th International Workshop, APPROX 2007, and 11th International Workshop, RANDOM 2007, Princeton, NJ, USA, August 20-22, 2007. Proceedings (pp. 59–73). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, October 28). Study Suggests Population Control Is No Quick Fix For Environmental Problems. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Costs and Planned Use of Emergency Funds (No. AIMD-99-154). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Huang, Y. (2017). Sliding Mode Observer Design for Permanent Magnetic Synchronous Generator Based Wind Energy Conversion Systems (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolomatsky, M. (2017, August 4). July’s Most Popular Listings. New York Times, p. RE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott 2000; Silver and Behn 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Silver and Behn 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Straight et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research
ISSN (print)0970-7794
ISSN (online)2363-9962

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