How to format your references using the Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Q. (2005). Small is beautiful. Nature, 435(7041), 532–533.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sergienko, O. V., & Hindmarsh, R. C. A. (2013). Regular patterns in frictional resistance of ice-stream beds seen by surface data inversion. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6162), 1086–1089.
A journal article with 3 authors
Otto, S., Furlan, R. L. E., & Sanders, J. K. M. (2002). Selection and amplification of hosts from dynamic combinatorial libraries of macrocyclic disulfides. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5581), 590–593.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lorenz, L., Axnick, J., Buschmann, T., Henning, C., Urner, S., Fang, S., et al. (2018). Mechanosensing by β1 integrin induces angiocrine signals for liver growth and survival. Nature, 562(7725), 128–132.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ahmad, A. (2005). Wireless and Mobile Data Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Govorov, A. (2016). Understanding and Modeling Förster-type Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET): Introduction to FRET, Vol. 1. (P. L. Hernández Martínez & H. V. Demir, Eds.). Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cardoso, J. M. P., & Diniz, P. C. (2009). Code Transformations. In P. C. Diniz (Ed.), Compilation Techniques for Reconfigurable Architectures (pp. 67–107). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 18). High-Fat Diet Made Inuits Healthier But Shorter Thanks To Gene Mutations, Study Finds. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1978). The Department of the Interior’s Computerized Resources Information Bank (No. EMD-78-17). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wager, L. (2009). Racial differences in the relationship between child externalizing and corporal punishment: The role of other discipline strategies (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2006, June 9). A Cupful Of Vienna. New York Times, p. NJ21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (O’Brien 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Khochbin 2000; Mooijaart 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sergienko and Hindmarsh 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Fang et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research
ISSN (print)0970-7794
ISSN (online)2363-9962

Other styles