How to format your references using the Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jenkins, M. (2003). Prospects for biodiversity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5648), 1175–1177.
A journal article with 2 authors
Akeda, Y., & Galán, J. E. (2005). Chaperone release and unfolding of substrates in type III secretion. Nature, 437(7060), 911–915.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nussbaumer, A. D., Fisher, C. R., & Bright, M. (2006). Horizontal endosymbiont transmission in hydrothermal vent tubeworms. Nature, 441(7091), 345–348.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Canuto, M. A., Estrada-Belli, F., Garrison, T. G., Houston, S. D., Acuña, M. J., Kováč, M., et al. (2018). Ancient lowland Maya complexity as revealed by airborne laser scanning of northern Guatemala. Science (New York, N.Y.), 361(6409).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mack, I. (2014). Energy Trading and Risk Management. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Belfort, M., Wood, D. W., Stoddard, B. L., & Derbyshire, V. (Eds.). (2005). Homing Endonucleases and Inteins (Vol. 16). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Savarimuthu, B. T. R., Cranefield, S., Purvis, M., & Purvis, M. (2010). A Data Mining Approach to Identify Obligation Norms in Agent Societies. In L. Cao, A. L. C. Bazzan, V. Gorodetsky, P. A. Mitkas, G. Weiss, & P. S. Yu (Eds.), Agents and Data Mining Interaction: 6th International Workshop on Agents and Data Mining Interaction, ADMI 2010, Toronto, ON, Canada, May 11, 2010, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 43–58). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, June 4). Gorillas In Zoos – The Unpalatable Truth. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Aviation Security: Transportation Security Administration Faces Immediate and Long-Term Challenges (No. GAO-02-971T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chamberlin, A. A. (2015). Academic-related factors and emotional eating in adolescents (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2000, October 4). Sophie Koulomzin Dies at 96; Orthodox Christian Educator. New York Times, p. B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jenkins 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Akeda and Galán 2005; Jenkins 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Akeda and Galán 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Canuto et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research
ISSN (print)0970-7794
ISSN (online)2363-9962

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