How to format your references using the Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hovnanian, J. S. (2000). Let Armenia show why it’s the place for Sesame. Nature, 405(6786), 508.
A journal article with 2 authors
Madix, R. J., & Friend, C. M. (2011). Interfacial chemistry: gold’s enigmatic surface. Nature, 479(7374), 482–483.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yin, Q., Jacobsen, S. B., & Yamashita, K. (2002). Diverse supernova sources of pre-solar material inferred from molybdenum isotopes in meteorites. Nature, 415(6874), 881–883.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Matsui, Y., Seki, K., Hibara, A., & Mizoguchi, T. (2013). An estimation of molecular dynamic behaviour in a liquid using core-loss spectroscopy. Scientific reports, 3, 3503.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Toutain, L., & Minaburo, A. (2013). Local Networks and the Internet. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Picozza, E. (Ed.). (2016). Neurolaw: An Introduction. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Narita, M., Niikura, K., Yamashita, A., Ikegami, D., Kuzumaki, N., Narita, M., & Suzuki, T. (2014). Chronic Pain Stimuli Downregulate Mesolimbic Dopaminergic Transmission: Possible Mechanism of the Suppression of Opioid Reward. In C. A. Fairbanks & M. P. D. T. J (Eds.), Neurobiological Studies of Addiction in Chronic Pain States (pp. 49–58). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2017, February 2). Most Americans Support Childhood Vaccines. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1983). Cost Comparison of House of Representatives Page System Versus Regular Messenger Employees (No. GGD-83-108). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Purnell, C. P. (2012). Exploring teachers’ perceptions of professional development in virtual learning teams (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2016, November 3). Beyond the Brutal Headlines on Race, Voices of Despair and Hope. New York Times, p. C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hovnanian 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Hovnanian 2000; Madix and Friend 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Madix and Friend 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Matsui et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research
ISSN (print)0970-7794
ISSN (online)2363-9962

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