How to format your references using the Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hedrick, P. W. (2004). Comment on “Parasite selection for immunogenetic optimality.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5660), 957; author reply 957.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lorincz, A., & Nusser, Z. (2010). Molecular identity of dendritic voltage-gated sodium channels. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5980), 906–909.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cremer, S., Sledge, M. F., & Heinze, J. (2002). Chemical mimicry: male ants disguised by the queen’s bouquet. Nature, 419(6910), 897.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Denk, T., Neukum, G., Roatsch, T., Porco, C. C., Burns, J. A., Galuba, G. G., et al. (2010). Iapetus: unique surface properties and a global color dichotomy from Cassini imaging. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5964), 435–439.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rieth, M. (2012). Pharmazeutische Mikrobiologie. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Craciun, A., & Schaffer, S. (Eds.). (2016). The Material Cultures of Enlightenment Arts and Sciences. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Pendyala, S., & Katkoori, S. (2015). Interval Arithmetic and Self Similarity Based Subthreshold Leakage Optimization in RTL Datapaths. In L. Claesen, M.-T. Sanz-Pascual, R. Reis, & A. Sarmiento-Reyes (Eds.), VLSI-SoC: Internet of Things Foundations: 22nd IFIP WG 10.5/IEEE International Conference on Very Large Scale Integration, VLSI-SoC 2014, Playa del Carmen, Mexico, October 6-8, 2014, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 75–94). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2017, May 4). Oldest Orchid Twice As Ancient As Previous Record-Holder. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Early Childhood Programs: Characteristics Affect the Availability of School Readiness Information (No. HEHS-00-38). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prakash, A. (2010). Empire on the Seine: Surveillance, Citizenship, and North African Migrants in Paris (1925–1975) (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2017, October 18). Nielsen Tackles a Mystery: Netflix Ratings. New York Times, p. B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hedrick 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Hedrick 2004; Lorincz and Nusser 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lorincz and Nusser 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Denk et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research
ISSN (print)0970-7794
ISSN (online)2363-9962

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