How to format your references using the Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gravitz, L. (2012). Food science: taste bud hackers. Nature, 486(7403), S14-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mohnen, D., & Tierney, M. L. (2011). Plant science. Plants get Hyp to O-glycosylation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6036), 1393–1394.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bard, E., Rostek, F., & Ménot-Combes, G. (2004). Paleoclimate. A better radiocarbon clock. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5655), 178–179.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Barna, M., Pusic, A., Zollo, O., Costa, M., Kondrashov, N., Rego, E., et al. (2008). Suppression of Myc oncogenic activity by ribosomal protein haploinsufficiency. Nature, 456(7224), 971–975.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Garrison, D. R., & Vaughan, N. D. (2007). Blended Learning in Higher Education. San Francisco, CA, USA: Jossey-Bass.
An edited book
Kusano, M., & Shioda, S. (Eds.). (2007). New Frontiers in Regenerative Medicine. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Sirenko, K., & Sirenko, Y. (2016). The Exact Absorbing Conditions Method in the Analysis of Open Electrodynamic Structures. In Y. Sirenko & L. Velychko (Eds.), Electromagnetic Waves in Complex Systems: Selected Theoretical and Applied Problems (pp. 225–326). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, January 9). Rhesus Monkeys Can Learn To Recognize Themselves In Mirrors. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Human Factors: Status of Efforts to Integrate Research on Human Factors Into FAA’s Activities (No. RCED-96-151). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mathew, J. (2008). Examining the relationship between secondary school head teachers’ leadership and teachers’ satisfaction in Kerala, India (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B. (2017, July 12). Fitness Classes for Saudi Arabia’s Girls. New York Times, p. A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gravitz 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Gravitz 2012; Mohnen and Tierney 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mohnen and Tierney 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Barna et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research
ISSN (print)0970-7794
ISSN (online)2363-9962

Other styles