How to format your references using the Metrika citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Metrika. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldston D (2008) Hazy reasoning behind clean air. Nature 452:519
A journal article with 2 authors
Isalan M, Morrison M (2009) This title is false. Nature 458:969
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang Y, Magan JJ, Blau WJ (2014) A general strategy for hybrid thin film fabrication and transfer onto arbitrary substrates. Sci Rep 4:4822
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Keeling MJ, Woolhouse MEJ, May RM, et al (2003) Modelling vaccination strategies against foot-and-mouth disease. Nature 421:136–142

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Daries H (2012) Nutrition for Sport and Exercise. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, UK
An edited book
Steels L (ed) (2012) Computational Issues in Fluid Construction Grammar: A New Formalism for the Representation of Lexicons and Grammars. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Delot T, Ilarri S, del Carmen Rodríguez-Hernández M (2014) Intelligent Transportation Systems – Maybe, But Where Are My Agents? In: Mitton N, Gallais A, Kantarci ME, Papavassiliou S (eds) Ad Hoc Networks: 6th International ICST Conference, ADHOCNETS 2014, Rhodes, Greece, August 18-19, 2014, Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 39–50

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Metrika.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) How Well You Do In School Depends More On Your DNA Than Your Determination, Study Finds. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Air Traffic Control: Status of FAA’s Modernization Effort. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stone B (2017) Efficacy of Collaborative Consulting Training Module. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY JC Jr (2017) Actor Set to Have Key Role In Man’s Drug Murder Trial. New York Times A22

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goldston 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Goldston 2008; Isalan and Morrison 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Isalan and Morrison 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Keeling et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleMetrika
ISSN (print)0026-1335
ISSN (online)1435-926X
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Statistics and Probability

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