How to format your references using the Metrika citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Metrika. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bender E (2014) Epidemiology: The dominant malignancy. Nature 513:S2-3
A journal article with 2 authors
Moine H, Mandel JL (2001) Biomedicine. Do G quartets orchestrate fragile X pathology? Science 294:2487–2488
A journal article with 3 authors
Schön JH, Kloc C, Batlogg B (2000) Superconductivity at 52 K in hole-doped C60. Nature 408:549–552
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Sung NS, Gordon JI, Rose GD, et al (2003) Science education. Educating future scientists. Science 301:1485

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boeker E, Van Grondelle R (2011) Environmental Physics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Hajek AE, Glare TR, O’Callaghan M (eds) (2009) Use of Microbes for Control and Eradication of Invasive Arthropods. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Meagher RJ, Wu M (2016) Microfluidic Approaches to Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization (FISH) for Detecting RNA Targets in Single Cells. In: Lu C, Verbridge SS (eds) Microfluidic Methods for Molecular Biology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 95–112

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Metrika.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) Skeleton Locked in Limestone Yields Oldest Neanderthal DNA. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) D.C. Charter Schools: Strengthening Monitoring and Process When Schools Close Could Improve Accountability and Ease Student Transitions. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Skutt S (2017) Midlife Metamorphosis: Archetypal Imaginal Psychology in Midlife Rite of Passage. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Milhollin G, Motz K (2004) Nukes “R” Us. New York Times A29

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bender 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Moine and Mandel 2001; Bender 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Moine and Mandel 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Sung et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleMetrika
ISSN (print)0026-1335
ISSN (online)1435-926X
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Statistics and Probability

Other styles