How to format your references using the Metrika citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Metrika. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gramling C (2008) Science careers. In the geosciences, business is booming. Science 321:856–857
A journal article with 2 authors
Woodroffe R, Redpath SM (2015) CONSERVATION. When the hunter becomes the hunted. Science 348:1312–1314
A journal article with 3 authors
Laepple T, Werner M, Lohmann G (2011) Synchronicity of Antarctic temperatures and local solar insolation on orbital timescales. Nature 471:91–94
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Johnson DM, Liebhold AM, Tobin PC, Bjørnstad ON (2006) Allee effects and pulsed invasion by the gypsy moth. Nature 444:361–363

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Picard F, Tanguy C (2016) Innovations and Techno-ecological Transition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Fabian P (2014) Ozone in the Atmosphere: Basic Principles, Natural and Human Impacts. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Varekamp JC, McElroy AE, Mullaney JR, Breslin VT (2014) Metals, Organic Compounds, and Nutrients in Long Island Sound: Sources, Magnitudes, Trends, and Impacts. In: Latimer JS, Tedesco MA, Swanson RL, et al. (eds) Long Island Sound: Prospects for the Urban Sea. Springer, New York, NY, pp 203–283

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Metrika.

Blog post
Luntz S (2016) Newton’s Apple Tree Genome Sequenced For Comparison With Modern Trees. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) District of Columbia Government: Overtime Costs Exceed Those of Neighboring Governments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thixton HL (2017) Identification of Site-Specific Mycorrhizal Fungi Associates of the Federally Threatened Eastern Prairie Fringed Orchid (Platanthera leucophaea) in Illinois. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) Long-Suffering Saints Fans Could Use Some Good Times. New York Times SP2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gramling 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Gramling 2008; Woodroffe and Redpath 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Woodroffe and Redpath 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Johnson et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleMetrika
ISSN (print)0026-1335
ISSN (online)1435-926X
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Statistics and Probability

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