How to format your references using the Metrika citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Metrika. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boesch D (2012) Deep-water drilling remains a risky business. Nature 484:289
A journal article with 2 authors
Roelofs J, Van Haastert PJ (2001) Genes lost during evolution. Nature 411:1013–1014
A journal article with 3 authors
Aminetzach YT, Macpherson JM, Petrov DA (2005) Pesticide resistance via transposition-mediated adaptive gene truncation in Drosophila. Science 309:764–767
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Sur B, Rogge RB, Hammond RP, et al (2001) Atomic structure holography using thermal neutrons. Nature 414:525–527

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pierce DR (2013) Project Scheduling and Management for Construction. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Vught F van (ed) (2009) Mapping the Higher Education Landscape: Towards a European Classifi cation of Higher Education. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Kunz JS (2013) Clinical Manifestations of Atherothrombosis. In: Taylor AJ, Villines TC (eds) Atherosclerosis: Clinical Perspectives Through Imaging. Springer, London, pp 45–58

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Metrika.

Blog post
Andrews R (2017) India Successfully Deploys 104 Satellites In World Record-Breaking Rocket Launch. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1975) Inefficient Management of F-14 Spare Parts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jiang W (2010) Advanced techniques for semantic concept detection in general videos. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J (2017) The Sport of Struggle. New York Times BR4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Boesch 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Roelofs and Van Haastert 2001; Boesch 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roelofs and Van Haastert 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Sur et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleMetrika
ISSN (print)0026-1335
ISSN (online)1435-926X
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Statistics and Probability

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