How to format your references using the Metrika citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Metrika. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lee JD (2009) Engineering. Can technology get your eyes back on the road? Science 324:344–346
A journal article with 2 authors
Szule JA, Coorssen JR (2004) Comment on “Transmembrane segments of syntaxin line the fusion pore of Ca2+-triggered exocytosis.” Science 306:813; author reply 813
A journal article with 3 authors
Sander R, Crutzen PJ, von Glasow R (2004) Comment on “Reactions at interfaces as a source of sulfate formation in sea-salt particles” (II). Science 303:628; author reply 628
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wilen CB, Lee S, Hsieh LL, et al (2018) Tropism for tuft cells determines immune promotion of norovirus pathogenesis. Science 360:204–208

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Early WF II (2010) Contractor and Client Relations to Assure Process Safety. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Falco MD, Iaquaniello G, Centi G (eds) (2013) CO2: A Valuable Source of Carbon. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Stanley KO, Lehman J (2015) The Interesting and the Novel. In: Lehman J (ed) Why Greatness Cannot Be Planned: The Myth of the Objective. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 39–54

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Metrika.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Darwin’s Finches Highlight The Unity Of All Life. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) Status of the Department of Education’s Inventory of Its Data Collections. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee E (2017) Assessing the Well-Being Koreans and Korean Americans: Psychometric Validation Study for a Multidimensional Assessment of Well-Being. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum MM (2017) Ousted Fox News Executive May Go to White House. New York Times A14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lee 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Szule and Coorssen 2004; Lee 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Szule and Coorssen 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Wilen et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleMetrika
ISSN (print)0026-1335
ISSN (online)1435-926X
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Statistics and Probability

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