How to format your references using the Metrika citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Metrika. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thwaites T (2014) Research metrics: calling science to account. Nature 511:S57-60
A journal article with 2 authors
Middelburg JJ, Meysman FJR (2007) Ocean science. Burial at sea. Science 316:1294–1295
A journal article with 3 authors
Gillespie AR, Montgomery DR, Mushkin A (2005) Planetary science: are there active glaciers on Mars? Nature 438:E9-10; discussion E10
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Keppler F, Eiden R, Niedan V, et al (2000) Halocarbons produced by natural oxidation processes during degradation of organic matter. Nature 403:298–301

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paret D (2012) Flexray and its Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Isahara H, Kanzaki K (eds) (2012) Advances in Natural Language Processing: 8th International Conference on NLP, JapTAL 2012, Kanazawa, Japan, October 22-24, 2012. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Theodorou MK, Brookman J, Trinci APJ (2005) Anaerobic fungi. In: Makkar HPS, McSweeney CS (eds) Methods in Gut Microbial Ecology for Ruminants. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 55–66

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Metrika.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) Oldest Known Fish Hooks Found In A Japanese Island Cave. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/oldest-known-fish-hooks-found-in-a-japanese-island-cave/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1986) Space Shuttle: NASA’s Procurement of Solid Rocket Booster Motors. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roy Chowdhury T (2012) Tracking Carbon Flow during Methane Oxidation into Methanotrophs Using 13C-PLFA Labeling in Pulsing Freshwater Wetlands. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2016) Big Opening for J. Cole as Album Makes No. 1. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Thwaites 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Middelburg and Meysman 2007; Thwaites 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Middelburg and Meysman 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Keppler et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleMetrika
AbbreviationMetrika
ISSN (print)0026-1335
ISSN (online)1435-926X
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Statistics and Probability

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