How to format your references using the Journal of Indian Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Indian Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grayson M. Agriculture and drought. Nature. 2013 Sep 26;501(7468):S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cazenave A, Nerem RS. Geophysics. Redistributing Earth’s mass. Science. 2002 Aug 2;297(5582):783–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Callou C, Samzun A, Zivie A. Archaeology: a lion found in the Egyptian tomb of Maïa. Nature. 2004 Jan 15;427(6971):211–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Huang C, Rajfur Z, Borchers C, Schaller MD, Jacobson K. JNK phosphorylates paxillin and regulates cell migration. Nature. 2003 Jul 10;424(6945):219–23.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonem JM. Problem Solving for Process Operators and Specialists. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Bertau M, Offermanns H, Plass L, Schmidt F, Wernicke HJ, editors. Methanol: The Basic Chemical and Energy Feedstock of the Future: Asinger’s Vision Today. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. XXXI, 677 p. 421 illus., 168 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Fahy B, Vadillo VW. From Magellan to Urdaneta: The Early Spanish Exploration of the Pacific and the Establishment of the Manila Acapulco Galleon Trade. In: Wu C, editor. Early Navigation in the Asia-Pacific Region: A Maritime Archaeological Perspective. Singapore: Springer; 2016. p. 75–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Indian Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health.

Blog post
Andrew E. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015. Daily Diary Reveals How Cannabis Use Affects People With Bipolar.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Cost Recovery Practices Inconsistent With Government Policy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1983 Jul. Report No.: GGD-83-61.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prejean KD. An Analysis of Corporal Punishment Practices in Texas Public Schools: Race, School District Size, Academic Performance, and Policy Influences [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. A Heady Nightcap in a City Not Known for Sleeping. New York Times. 2012 Sep 2;SP5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Indian Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health
ISSN (online)0973-1342

Other styles