How to format your references using the Journal of Indian Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Indian Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bianco P. Don’t market stem-cell products ahead of proof. Nature. 2013 Jul 18;499(7458):255.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gupta V, Poss KD. Clonally dominant cardiomyocytes direct heart morphogenesis. Nature. 2012 Apr 25;484(7395):479–84.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nishiyama T, Ohsumi K, Kishimoto T. Phosphorylation of Erp1 by p90rsk is required for cytostatic factor arrest in Xenopus laevis eggs. Nature. 2007 Apr 26;446(7139):1096–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Heinrich AJ, Gupta JA, Lutz CP, Eigler DM. Single-atom spin-flip spectroscopy. Science. 2004 Oct 15;306(5695):466–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mastro M. Financial Derivative and Energy Market Valuation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Somasundaram I, editor. Stem Cell Therapy for Organ Failure. New Delhi: Springer India; 2014. XIX, 278 p. 43 illus., 34 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Balaji Rao K, Anoop MB, Vinod G, Kushwaha HS. Risk Informed In-Service Inspection of PWR Nuclear Power Plant Piping Components Subjected to Erosion-Corrosion Using Markov Chain Model. In: Kumar U, Ahmadi A, Verma AK, Varde P, editors. Current Trends in Reliability, Availability, Maintainability and Safety: An Industry Perspective. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 39–48. (Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Indian Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health.

Blog post
Hale T. Watch This Homemade Electromagnetic Gun Vaporize A Piggybank. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Opportunities for Improving Program Planning for Photovoltaic Research and Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979 Apr. Report No.: EMD-79-40.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Batistick SA. Reclaiming One’s Gold: Imagining the Inner Child Through the Art of Therapeutic Fairy Tale Writing [Doctoral dissertation]. [Carpinteria, CA]: Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon MR. U.S.-Russia Hotline Buzzes Even After Strike on Syria. New York Times. 2017 May 25;A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Indian Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health
ISSN (online)0973-1342

Other styles