How to format your references using the Journal of Indian Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Indian Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nel A. Atmosphere. Air pollution-related illness: effects of particles. Science. 2005 May 6;308(5723):804–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smethurst DP, Williams HC. Power laws. Are hospital waiting lists self-regulating? Nature. 2001 Apr 5;410(6829):652–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Keith DW, Parson E, Morgan MG. Research on global sun block needed now. Nature. 2010 Jan 28;463(7280):426–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wang D, Zhu W, Best MD, Camden JP, Crozier KB. Wafer-scale metasurface for total power absorption, local field enhancement and single molecule Raman spectroscopy. Sci Rep. 2013 Oct 4;3:2867.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bauer E, Adams R, Eustace D. Beyond Redundancy. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Mudry J, Zwahlen F, Bertrand C, LaMoreaux JW, editors. H2Karst Research in Limestone Hydrogeology. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. XII, 184 p. 127 illus., 85 illus. in color. (Environmental Earth Sciences).
A chapter in an edited book
Räikkä J. Autonomy and Genetic Privacy. In: Launis V, Räikkä J, editors. Genetic Democracy: Philosophical Perspectives. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008. p. 43–51. (International Library Of Ethics, Law, And The New Medicine).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Indian Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health.

Blog post
Andrews R. Incoming Secretary Of Energy Rick Perry Has No Idea What The Job Actually Is [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Attack Warning: Costs to Modernize NORAD’s Computer System Significantly Understated. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Apr. Report No.: IMTEC-91-23.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Decena M. What variables affect Peritoneal Dialysis growth? [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard B, Schmitt E. Saudi Official Who Fell From View Is Promoted. New York Times. 2017 Jul 21;A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Indian Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health
ISSN (online)0973-1342

Other styles