How to format your references using the Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Marwan W. Systems biology. Amoeba-inspired network design. Science. 2010;327:419–20.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Cohen SM, Brennecke J. Developmental biology. Mixed messages in early development. Science. 2006;312:65–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Wu L-A, Walther P, Lidar DA. No-go theorem for passive single-rail linear optical quantum computing. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1394.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Jin X, Li Q, Li Y, Chen Z, Wei T-H, He X, et al. Energy level control: toward an efficient hot electron transport. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5983.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Kaszeta D. CBRN and Hazmat Incidents at Major Public Events. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Humphrys G, Williams M, editors. Presenting and Representing Environments. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Leal Filho W, Kovaleva M. Methods of Food Waste Reduction. In: Kovaleva M, editor. Food Waste and Sustainable Food Waste Management in the Baltic Sea Region. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 51–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. China And Japan Are Harvesting “Combustible Ice” From The Seafloor. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. High-Definition Television: Applications for This New Technology. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Dec. Report No.: IMTEC-90-9FS.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Hill L. Unique forms of knowledge and curriculum in hip-hop pedagogy [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Brantley B. A Flock of Shylocks Descends .. New York Times. 2017 Sep 25;C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Immigrant and Minority Health
AbbreviationJ. Immigr. Minor. Health
ISSN (print)1557-1912
ISSN (online)1557-1920
ScopeEpidemiology
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles