How to format your references using the Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Cooper AI. Materials chemistry: cooperative carbon capture. Nature. 2015;519:294–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Medzhitov R, Janeway CA Jr. Decoding the patterns of self and nonself by the innate immune system. Science. 2002;296:298–300.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Peñuelas J, Rutishauser T, Filella I. Ecology. Phenology feedbacks on climate change. Science. 2009;324:887–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Shimizu K, Ishikawa H, Takao D, Yagi T, Amaya K. Superconductivity in compressed lithium at 20 K. Nature. 2002;419:597–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bennett DH. Bennett’s Cardiac Arrhythmias. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1. Garcia PJV, Ferreira JM, editors. Jets from Young Stars IV: From Models to Observations and Experiments. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Susilawati Japri. The Language of Shop Signs in a Modern Shopping Centre in Brunei. In: Haji-Othman NA, McLellan J, Deterding D, editors. The Use and Status of Language in Brunei Darussalam: A Kingdom of Unexpected Linguistic Diversity. Singapore: Springer; 2016. p. 29–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Enormous Helium Discovery Could End Shortage. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Polar-Orbiting Environmental Satellites: With Costs Increasing and Data Continuity at Risk, Improvements Needed in Tri-agency Decision Making. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009 Jun. Report No.: GAO-09-564.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Carpenter DM. Understanding the effect of conflicting information on medication adherence for vasculitis patients [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Sanger-Katz M, Abelson R. President Dismisses Markets, but One Insurer Bets Big on Them. New York Times. 2017 Jun 13;A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Immigrant and Minority Health
AbbreviationJ. Immigr. Minor. Health
ISSN (print)1557-1912
ISSN (online)1557-1920
ScopeEpidemiology
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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