How to format your references using the Journal of Hydrometeorology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hydrometeorology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sigl, G., 2001: Ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays: physics and astrophysics at extreme energies. Science, 291, 73–79.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bucchi, M., and F. Neresini, 2004: Biotechnology. Why are people hostile to biotechnologies? Science, 304, 1749.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pearson, P. N., G. L. Foster, and B. S. Wade, 2009: Atmospheric carbon dioxide through the Eocene-Oligocene climate transition. Nature, 461, 1110–1113.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Duman-Scheel, M., L. Weng, S. Xin, and W. Du, 2002: Hedgehog regulates cell growth and proliferation by inducing Cyclin D and Cyclin E. Nature, 417, 299–304.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stavroudis, O. N., 2006: The Mathematics of Geometrical and Physical Optics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA,.
An edited book
Tymieniecka, A.-T., ed., 2006: Islamic Philosophy and Occidental Phenomenology on the Perennial Issue of Microcosm and Macrocosm. Springer Netherlands, XVIII, 296 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Emsley, J. G., and J. D. Macklis, 2006: Responses of the Adult SVZ to Neuronal Death and Injury. Mammalian Subventricular Zones: Their Roles in Brain Development, Cell Replacement and Disease, S.W. Levison, Ed., Springer US, 159–184.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hydrometeorology.

Blog post
Evans, K., 2017: Earth Has A Brand-New Continent Called Zealandia, And It’s Been Hiding In Plain Sight For Ages. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006: Higher Education: Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Trends and the Role of Federal Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hong, P. K., 2013: Stomach cancer diet education and screening awareness in East Asian American women. California State University, Long Beach, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., 2014: A Dominating Display at 14. New York Times, January 14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sigl 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Sigl 2001; Bucchi and Neresini 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bucchi and Neresini 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Duman-Scheel et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hydrometeorology
AbbreviationJ. Hydrometeorol.
ISSN (print)1525-755X
ISSN (online)1525-7541
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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