How to format your references using the Journal of Hydrometeorology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hydrometeorology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Witten, E., 2012: Quantum mechanics of black holes. Science, 337, 538–540.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cascales, E., and P. J. Christie, 2004: Definition of a bacterial type IV secretion pathway for a DNA substrate. Science, 304, 1170–1173.
A journal article with 3 authors
Paniagua-Domínguez, R., D. R. Abujetas, and J. A. Sánchez-Gil, 2013: Ultra low-loss, isotropic optical negative-index metamaterial based on hybrid metal-semiconductor nanowires. Sci. Rep., 3, 1507.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Koizumi, S., K. Watanabe, M. Hasegawa, and H. Kanda, 2001: Ultraviolet emission from a diamond pn junction. Science, 292, 1899–1901.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marti, P., 2014: Baustatik. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, D-69451 Weinheim, Germany,.
An edited book
Freeman, A., 2011: Pro ASP.NET MVC 3 Framework. Third Edition. S. Sanderson, Ed. Apress, Berkeley, CA, XXV, 852 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
White, A. P., G. Zhu, and J. Choi, 2013: Gain-Scheduling Control of Port-Fuel-Injection Processes. Linear Parameter-Varying Control for Engineering Applications, G. Zhu and J. Choi, Eds., SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering, Springer, London, 39–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hydrometeorology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015: They Might Sound Gross, But Intestinal Worms Can Actually Be Good For You. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998: Schools and Libraries Corporation: Actions Needed to Strengthen Program Integrity Operations Before Committing Funds. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Park, J. K., 2012: Target Identification, Therapeutic Application and Maturation Mechanism of microRNAs. Ohio State University, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2007: U.S. Supreme Court Supports New York City’s Effort to Collect Taxes on Some U.N. Missions. New York Times, June 15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Witten 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Witten 2012; Cascales and Christie 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cascales and Christie 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Koizumi et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hydrometeorology
AbbreviationJ. Hydrometeorol.
ISSN (print)1525-755X
ISSN (online)1525-7541
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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