How to format your references using the Journal of Hydrometeorology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hydrometeorology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lodge, T. P., 2008: Materials science. A unique platform for materials design. Science, 321, 50–51.
A journal article with 2 authors
Belkhadir, Y., and J. Chory, 2006: Brassinosteroid signaling: a paradigm for steroid hormone signaling from the cell surface. Science, 314, 1410–1411.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wieman, C. E., W. K. Adams, and K. K. Perkins, 2008: PHYSICS. PhET: simulations that enhance learning. Science, 322, 682–683.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Wu, L., C. S. Bauer, X.-G. Zhen, C. Xie, and J. Yang, 2002: Dual regulation of voltage-gated calcium channels by PtdIns(4,5)P2. Nature, 419, 947–952.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Banks, R. E., J. M. Sharp, S. D. Doss, and D. A. Vanderford, 2016: Exotic Small Mammal Care and Husbandry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,.
An edited book
Poluektova, L. Y., J. V. Garcia, Y. Koyanagi, M. G. Manz, and A. M. Tager, eds., 2014: Humanized Mice for HIV Research. Springer, XXI, 538 p. 54 illus., 45 illus. in color pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Chao, T.-K., B.-S. Yang, W.-K. Wong, and S.-K. Yin, 2014: Using an Android Smartphone for Robotic Image Recognition. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Intelligent Technologies and Engineering Systems (ICITES2013), J. Juang, C.-Y. Chen, and C.-F. Yang, Eds., Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering, Springer International Publishing, 33–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hydrometeorology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015: New Concorde Could Fly London To New York In One Hour. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996: Telecommunications: FTS 2000 Cost Comparison. U.S. Government Printing Office,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhang, Y., 2013: Crossroads A World War II story. California State University, Long Beach, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017: With Trade Deadline Near, The Mets Joke and Lose. New York Times, July 30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lodge 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Lodge 2008; Belkhadir and Chory 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Belkhadir and Chory 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hydrometeorology
AbbreviationJ. Hydrometeorol.
ISSN (print)1525-755X
ISSN (online)1525-7541
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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