How to format your references using the Journal of Hydrometeorology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hydrometeorology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Betancourt, J. L., 2000: PALEOCLIMATE: The Amazon Reveals Its Secrets--Partly. Science, 290, 2274–2275.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boos, W. R., and Z. Kuang, 2010: Dominant control of the South Asian monsoon by orographic insulation versus plateau heating. Nature, 463, 218–222.
A journal article with 3 authors
Singh, P. K., J. Hopwood, and S. Sonkusale, 2014: Metamaterials for remote generation of spatially controllable two dimensional array of microplasma. Sci. Rep., 4, 5964.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Rahman, M. A., A. Masuda, K. Ohe, M. Ito, D. O. Hutchinson, A. Mayeda, A. G. Engel, and K. Ohno, 2013: HnRNP L and hnRNP LL antagonistically modulate PTB-mediated splicing suppression of CHRNA1 pre-mRNA. Sci. Rep., 3, 2931.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ray Chaudhuri, N., B. Chaudhuri, R. Majumder, and A. Yazdani, 2014: Multi-Terminal Direct-Current Grids. John Wiley & Sons, Inc,.
An edited book
Chung, K.-I., K. Sohn, and M. Yung, eds., 2009: Information Security Applications: 9th International Workshop, WISA 2008, Jeju Island, Korea, September 23-25, 2008, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, XI, 334 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
McGonagle, J. J., and C. M. Vella, 2012: Figuring Out What You Really Need to Know. Proactive Intelligence: The Successful Executive’s Guide to Intelligence, C.M. Vella, Ed., Springer, 41–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hydrometeorology.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016: Madagascar’s ‘Swamp Lemurs’ Have Been Documented For The First Time. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982: Need To Reexamine JTIDS Requirements and Architecture. U.S. Government Printing Office,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rich, J. B., 2009: Guinevere takes her seat at the Round Table—or does she? Moving a primary Western myth forward. Pacifica Graduate Institute, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, S. R., 2015: Mr. Trump, Korea’s Border Is Huge! New York Times, August 20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Betancourt 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Betancourt 2000; Boos and Kuang 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boos and Kuang 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Rahman et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hydrometeorology
AbbreviationJ. Hydrometeorol.
ISSN (print)1525-755X
ISSN (online)1525-7541
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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