How to format your references using the Journal of Hydrometeorology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hydrometeorology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fitzsimmons, A., 2006: Planetary science. Ice among the rocks. Science, 312, 535–536.
A journal article with 2 authors
Willis, K. J., and R. J. Whittaker, 2002: Ecology. Species diversity--scale matters. Science, 295, 1245–1248.
A journal article with 3 authors
Libby, P., P. M. Ridker, and G. K. Hansson, 2011: Progress and challenges in translating the biology of atherosclerosis. Nature, 473, 317–325.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Chen, G., J.-G. Ren, W. Zhang, Y.-F. Sun, F.-Q. Wang, R.-F. Li, J. Zhang, and Y.-F. Zhao, 2014: Disorganized vascular structures in sporadic venous malformations: a possible correlation with balancing effect between Tie2 and TGF-β. Sci. Rep., 4, 5457.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Hara, B. T., and B. Malisow, 2017: CCSP® (ISC) 2® Certified Cloud Security Professional Official Study Guide. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,.
An edited book
Yang, G.-C., S.-I. Ao, and L. Gelman, eds., 2015: Transactions on Engineering Technologies: World Congress on Engineering 2014. Springer Netherlands, XI, 773 p. 353 illus., 205 illus. in color pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Rajamannan, N. M., M. Cicek, J. R. Hawse, T. C. Spelsberg, and M. Subramaniam, 2014: Experimental Model of Aortic Valve Calcification to Induce Osteoblast Differentiation. Molecular Biology of Valvular Heart Disease, N.M. Rajamannan, Ed., Springer, 27–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hydrometeorology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016: Aircraft Contrails Make Clouds Brighter – New Study. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005: Commercial Aviation: Survey of Small Community Air Service Grantees and Applicants, an E-supplement to GAO-06-21. U.S. Government Printing Office,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Strong, M., 2013: Investigation and Characterization of Features on a Cretaceous-Paleogene Seismic Horizon in Northern Louisiana. University of Louisiana, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010: Refreshing Series Provides Hope. New York Times, October 29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fitzsimmons 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Fitzsimmons 2006; Willis and Whittaker 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Willis and Whittaker 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hydrometeorology
AbbreviationJ. Hydrometeorol.
ISSN (print)1525-755X
ISSN (online)1525-7541
ScopeAtmospheric Science

Other styles