How to format your references using the Journal of Hydrometeorology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hydrometeorology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2004: Back to life. Nature, 429, 483.
A journal article with 2 authors
Krieg, A. M., and G. B. Lipford, 2008: Immunology. The toll of cathepsin K deficiency. Science, 319, 576–577.
A journal article with 3 authors
Levison, H. F., K. A. Kretke, and M. J. Duncan, 2015: Growing the gas-giant planets by the gradual accumulation of pebbles. Nature, 524, 322–324.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Bochukova, E. G., and Coauthors, 2010: Large, rare chromosomal deletions associated with severe early-onset obesity. Nature, 463, 666–670.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scott, D. W., 2008: Color Atlas of Farm Animal Dermatology. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK,.
An edited book
Bungartz, H.-J., M. Mehl, and M. Schäfer, eds., 2010: Fluid Structure Interaction II: Modelling, Simulation, Optimization. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, VIII, 432 p. 243 illus pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Swinburn, B. A., 2014: Why Are Governments Abdicating from Dealing with the Obesity Crisis? Controversies in Obesity, D.W. Haslam, A.M. Sharma, and C.W. Le Roux, Eds., Springer, London, 23–29.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hydrometeorology.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015: Your Mood Can Affect Your Ability To See Color. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997: Small Business Administration: Better Planning and Controls Needed for Information Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barnard, S., 2015: Police officers’ attitudes about rape victims. California State University, Long Beach, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
LISA W. FODERARO; Reporting for this article was contributed by Ford Fessenden, as well as by Kathleen McGrory in Westchester, F. Akhtar, Sophia Chang on, J. Koblin, Nate Schweber in, A. Lazo, and A. S. in Connecticut, 2006: That Sound You Hear? The Market Coming Down to Earth. New York Times, March 19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sutherland 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Wendell 2004; Hartwig 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Krieg and Lipford 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Thomas et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hydrometeorology
AbbreviationJ. Hydrometeorol.
ISSN (print)1525-755X
ISSN (online)1525-7541
ScopeAtmospheric Science

Other styles