How to format your references using the Journal of Hydrometeorology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hydrometeorology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Russell, T. P., 2002: Surface-responsive materials. Science, 297, 964–967.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chan, C. E., and D. J. Odde, 2008: Traction dynamics of filopodia on compliant substrates. Science, 322, 1687–1691.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nishimune, H., J. R. Sanes, and S. S. Carlson, 2004: A synaptic laminin-calcium channel interaction organizes active zones in motor nerve terminals. Nature, 432, 580–587.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Hommelsheim, C. M., L. Frantzeskakis, M. Huang, and B. Ülker, 2014: PCR amplification of repetitive DNA: a limitation to genome editing technologies and many other applications. Sci. Rep., 4, 5052.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rogstad, D. H., A. Mileant, and T. T. Pham, 2005: Antenna Arraying Techniques in the Deep Space Network. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,.
An edited book
Singh, M., 2013: Pro SharePoint 2013 Business Intelligence Solutions. S.K. Anandan, S. Malik, S. Sistla, and S. Wright, Eds. Apress, XV, 440 p. 420 illus pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Lusk, E., 2007: New and Old Tools and Programming Models for High-Performance Computing. Recent Advances in Parallel Virtual Machine and Message Passing Interface: 14th European PVM/MPI User’s Group Meeting, Paris, France, September 30 - October 3, 2007. Proceedings, F. Cappello, T. Herault, and J. Dongarra, Eds., Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, 7–7.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hydrometeorology.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016: Chile Has Generated So Much Solar Power It’s Giving It Away For Free. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1975: Federal Agencies Administering Programs Related to Marine Science Activities and Oceanic Affairs. U.S. Government Printing Office,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davidson, W. B., 2010: High school athletics and the “whole adolescent”: A case study of three urban high schools. California State University, Long Beach, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2006: With O’Connor Retirement and a New Chief Justice Comes an Awareness of Change. New York Times, January 28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Russell 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Russell 2002; Chan and Odde 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chan and Odde 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Hommelsheim et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hydrometeorology
AbbreviationJ. Hydrometeorol.
ISSN (print)1525-755X
ISSN (online)1525-7541
ScopeAtmospheric Science

Other styles