How to format your references using the International Gambling Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Gambling Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schlamminger, S. (2014). Fundamental constants: a cool way to measure big G. Nature, 510(7506), 478–480.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu, Q., & Paroo, Z. (2010). Molecular biology. Dicer’s cut and switch. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5976), 314–315.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mochizuki, K., Matsumoto, M., & Ohmine, I. (2013). Defect pair separation as the controlling step in homogeneous ice melting. Nature, 498(7454), 350–354.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Raghavan, S. C., Swanson, P. C., Wu, X., Hsieh, C.-L., & Lieber, M. R. (2004). A non-B-DNA structure at the Bcl-2 major breakpoint region is cleaved by the RAG complex. Nature, 428(6978), 88–93.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aït-Kadi, D., Chouinard, M., Marcotte, S., & Riopel, D. (2012). Sustainable Reverse Logistics Network. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kozlov, V. V., Buslaev, A. P., Bugaev, A. S., Yashina, M. V., Schadschneider, A., & Schreckenberg, M. (Eds.). (2013). Traffic and Granular Flow ’11. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Vijayaraghavan, S. B. (2007). Abdominal Hernias, Volvulus and Intussusception. In G. Maconi & G. B. Porro (Eds.), Ultrasound of the Gastrointestinal Tract (pp. 35–54). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Gambling Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 2). Herd Immunity And Measles: Why We Should Aim For 100% Vaccination Coverage. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). FCC: Unlicensed NII Devices in the 5 GHz Frequency Range (OGC-97-19). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ashirgade, A. (2010). Mechanistic study of the rubber-brass adhesion interphase [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Cincinnati.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, August 31). Wozniacki and Yale Are Cheering Each Other On. New York Times, B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schlamminger, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Liu & Paroo, 2010; Schlamminger, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liu & Paroo, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Mochizuki et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Raghavan et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Gambling Studies
AbbreviationInt. Gambl. Stud.
ISSN (print)1445-9795
ISSN (online)1479-4276
ScopeApplied Psychology

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