How to format your references using the International Gambling Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Gambling Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Launius, R. D. (2012). Neil Armstrong (1930-2012). Nature, 489(7416), 368.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ketting, R. F., & Plasterk, R. H. (2000). A genetic link between co-suppression and RNA interference in C. elegans. Nature, 404(6775), 296–298.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nisbet, E. G., Dlugokencky, E. J., & Bousquet, P. (2014). Atmospheric science. Methane on the rise--again. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6170), 493–495.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Peng, C., Ouyang, H., Gao, Q., Jiang, Y., Zhang, F., Li, J., & Yu, Q. (2007). Environment. Building a “green” railway in China. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5824), 546–547.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Beach, D. (1996). The Responsible Conduct of Research. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Curtis, B. (2014). Practical Oracle Database Appliance (F. Arshad, E. Benner, M. Elsins, M. Gallagher, P. Sharman, & Y. Velikanov, Eds.). Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Adams, J. M., Wolfe, J. W., & Ehrenfeld, J. M. (2016). Pharmacology of Inhalational Anesthetics. In J. M. Ehrenfeld, R. D. Urman, & S. Segal (Eds.), Anesthesia Student Survival Guide: A Case-Based Approach (pp. 57–68). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Gambling Studies.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, May 30). Hubble Captures New View Of The Vermin Galaxy And A Protoplanetary Disk. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1984). Corporation for Public Broadcasting’s Oversight of Public Television (AFMD-85-31). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Arzaga, C. B. (2012). Homeless shelter program for the elderly in Los Angeles, California: A grant writing project [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011, July 31). Where Many Things Besides the Islanders Need Fixing. New York Times, SP9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Launius, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Ketting & Plasterk, 2000; Launius, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ketting & Plasterk, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Nisbet et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Peng et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Gambling Studies
AbbreviationInt. Gambl. Stud.
ISSN (print)1445-9795
ISSN (online)1479-4276
ScopeApplied Psychology

Other styles