How to format your references using the International Gambling Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Gambling Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dalton, R. (2000). Older women scientists fight USGS over layoffs. US Geological Survey. Nature, 404(6775), 219.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wortmann, U. G., & Chernyavsky, B. M. (2007). Effect of evaporite deposition on Early Cretaceous carbon and sulphur cycling. Nature, 446(7136), 654–656.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fan, Y., Yu, D., & Yao, Y.-G. (2014). Tree shrew database (TreeshrewDB): a genomic knowledge base for the Chinese tree shrew. Scientific Reports, 4, 7145.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Aizenberg, J., Weaver, J. C., Thanawala, M. S., Sundar, V. C., Morse, D. E., & Fratzl, P. (2005). Skeleton of Euplectella sp.: structural hierarchy from the nanoscale to the macroscale. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5732), 275–278.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hurst, K. (2008). Primary Care Trust Workforce Planning and Development. Whurr Publishers Ltd.
An edited book
Christensen, S. H., Mitcham, C., Li, B., & An, Y. (Eds.). (2012). Engineering, Development and Philosophy: American, Chinese and European Perspectives (Vol. 11). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Ryabov, V. V., Shevko, A. Y., & Gora, M. P. (2014). Mineralogy and Geochemistry of Traps. In A. Y. Shevko & M. P. Gora (Eds.), Trap Magmatism and Ore Formation in the Siberian Noril’sk Region: Volume 1. Trap Petrology (pp. 207–273). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Gambling Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, November 26). What It’s Like Inside The Doomsday Vault That Stores Every Known Crop On The Planet. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). GAO Update on the Number of Prekindergarten Care and Education Programs (GAO-05-678R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bankas, J. K. (2014). CAFE—Community and Family Enrichment: Toward Community-Based Mental Health Support for Families [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2001, April 8). 3-Card Monte Is Vanishing, Just Like Your $50 Bill Did. New York Times, 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dalton, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Dalton, 2000; Wortmann & Chernyavsky, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wortmann & Chernyavsky, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Fan et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Aizenberg et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Gambling Studies
AbbreviationInt. Gambl. Stud.
ISSN (print)1445-9795
ISSN (online)1479-4276
ScopeApplied Psychology

Other styles