How to format your references using the International Gambling Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Gambling Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2003). Beyond the helix. Nature, 422(6934), 927.
A journal article with 2 authors
Radisky, D. C., & Bissell, M. J. (2004). Cancer. Respect thy neighbor! Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5659), 775–777.
A journal article with 3 authors
Deitsch, K. W., Calderwood, M. S., & Wellems, T. E. (2001). Malaria. Cooperative silencing elements in var genes. Nature, 412(6850), 875–876.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Oh, C., Park, S., Lee, E. K., & Yoo, Y. J. (2013). Downregulation of ubiquitin level via knockdown of polyubiquitin gene Ubb as potential cancer therapeutic intervention. Scientific Reports, 3, 2623.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Takezawa, K. (2005). Introduction to Nonparametric Regression: Takezawa/Introduction. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Brundin, P., & Olanow, C. W. (Eds.). (2006). Restorative Therapies in Parkinson’s Disease. Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Luo, W., Zhu, Y., & Hong, T. (2015). Characteristic Analysis and Management of Human Resource in EPC Project. In H. Sun, C.-Y. Yang, C.-W. Lin, J.-S. Pan, V. Snasel, & A. Abraham (Eds.), Genetic and Evolutionary Computing: Proceeding of the Eighth International Conference on Genetic and Evolutionary Computing, October 18-20, 2014, Nanchang, China (pp. 29–36). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Gambling Studies.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2015, November 4). According To A New Report, You Need To Know About Chemical Sex. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Federal Reserve Has Established Effective Year 2000 Management Controls for Internal Systems Conversion (AIMD-99-78). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Birtler, E. R. (2014). Group therapy and knowledge of neuroplastic principles: The impact of health literacy on client locus of control in a therapy setting [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2005, September 27). World Briefing | Europe: Ukraine: Russia Lifts Arrest For Ex-Premier. New York Times, A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Radisky & Bissell, 2004; Smaglik, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Radisky & Bissell, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Deitsch et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Oh et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Gambling Studies
AbbreviationInt. Gambl. Stud.
ISSN (print)1445-9795
ISSN (online)1479-4276
ScopeApplied Psychology

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