How to format your references using the International Gambling Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Gambling Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Domning, D. P. (2001). The earliest known fully quadrupedal sirenian. Nature, 413(6856), 625–627.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ghalambor, C. K., & Martin, T. E. (2001). Fecundity-survival trade-offs and parental risk-taking in birds. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5516), 494–497.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yamamoto, Y., Stock, D. W., & Jeffery, W. R. (2004). Hedgehog signalling controls eye degeneration in blind cavefish. Nature, 431(7010), 844–847.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wilson, R. J., Thomas, C. D., Fox, R., Roy, D. B., & Kunin, W. E. (2004). Spatial patterns in species distributions reveal biodiversity change. Nature, 432(7015), 393–396.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ghiani, G., Laporte, G., & Musmanno, R. (2013). Introduction to Logistics Systems Management. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Alhazov, A., Cojocaru, S., Gheorghe, M., Rogozhin, Y., Rozenberg, G., & Salomaa, A. (Eds.). (2014). Membrane Computing: 14th International Conference, CMC 2013, Chişinău, Republic of Moldova, August 20-23, 2013, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 8340). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Armstrong, E. J., & Rogers, J. (2013). Summary of MitraClip Clinical Data and Approach to Patient Selection. In T. Feldman, O. Franzen, R. Low, J. Rogers, & K. K. Yeo (Eds.), Atlas of Percutaneous Edge-to-Edge Mitral Valve Repair (pp. 53–61). London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Gambling Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, December 12). Is Stephen Hawking Right? Could AI Lead To The End Of Humankind? Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Command and Control: Upgrades Allow Deferral of $500 Million Computer Acquisition (No. IMTEC-88-10). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schewe, E. M. (2016). Re-establishing Connections: Listening to Women Psychology Students Talk about Recovery (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller, B., & McKINLEY, J. C., Jr. (2015, August 14). Connecticut Death Penalty Law Is Unconstitutional, Top State Court Says. New York Times, p. A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Domning, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Domning, 2001; Ghalambor & Martin, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ghalambor & Martin, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Yamamoto, Stock, & Jeffery, 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wilson, Thomas, Fox, Roy, & Kunin, 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Gambling Studies
AbbreviationInt. Gambl. Stud.
ISSN (print)1445-9795
ISSN (online)1479-4276
ScopeApplied Psychology

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