How to format your references using the Journal of Hydro-environment Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hydro-environment Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Simmons, A., 2012. Archaeology. Mediterranean island voyages. Science 338, 895–897.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ashworth, A.C., Thompson, F.C., 2003. Palaeontology: A fly in the biogeographic ointment. Nature 423, 135–136.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chakraborty, S., Yanchulova, P., Thiemens, M.H., 2013. Mass-independent oxygen isotopic partitioning during gas-phase SiO2 formation. Science 342, 463–466.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rosebrock, T.R., Zeng, L., Brady, J.J., Abramovitch, R.B., Xiao, F., Martin, G.B., 2007. A bacterial E3 ubiquitin ligase targets a host protein kinase to disrupt plant immunity. Nature 448, 370–374.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alacoque, J.C., 2012. Direct Eigen Control for Induction Machines and Synchronous Motors. A John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Geary, T.G., Maule, A.G. (Eds.), 2010. Neuropeptide Systems as Targets for Parasite and Pest Control, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, Y., Zheng, Q., Yuan, Y., 2016. The Improvement of March C+ Algorithm for Embedded Memory Test, in: Xu, W., Xiao, L., Li, J., Zhang, C. (Eds.), Computer Engineering and Technology: 19th CCF Conference, NCCET 2015, Hefei, China, October 18-20, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 31–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hydro-environment Research.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. The Pacific’s Floating “Plastic Continents” Will Soon Wash Up On Our Shorelines [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. NCAA Student Athlete Pell Grants (No. OSI-95-13R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maloney, J.L., 2015. Analyzing Students’ Personal Characteristics to Determine Study Outcomes (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2001. . . . And the Upper West Side Loses Its Plain-Vanilla Grocery. New York Times 1410.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Simmons, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Ashworth and Thompson, 2003; Simmons, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ashworth and Thompson, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Rosebrock et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hydro-environment Research
AbbreviationJ. Hydroenviron. Res.
ISSN (print)1570-6443
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Environmental Chemistry
Environmental Engineering
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Water Science and Technology

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