How to format your references using the Journal of Hydro-environment Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hydro-environment Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tyson, J.J., 2007. Bringing cartoons to life. Nature 445, 823.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rozema, J., Flowers, T., 2008. Ecology. Crops for a salinized world. Science 322, 1478–1480.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lamb, D., Erskine, P.D., Parrotta, J.A., 2005. Restoration of degraded tropical forest landscapes. Science 310, 1628–1632.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Raj, L., Ide, T., Gurkar, A.U., Foley, M., Schenone, M., Li, X., Tolliday, N.J., Golub, T.R., Carr, S.A., Shamji, A.F., Stern, A.M., Mandinova, A., Schreiber, S.L., Lee, S.W., 2018. Retraction Note: Selective killing of cancer cells by a small molecule targeting the stress response to ROS. Nature 561, 420.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kudnig, S.T., Séguin, B., 2012. Veterinary Surgical Oncology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,., West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Simon, A. (Ed.), 2008. Value-Range Analysis of C Programs: Towards Proving the Absence of Buffer Overflow Vulnerabilities. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Białecki, M., Czechowski, Z., 2010. On a Simple Stochastic Cellular Automaton with Avalanches: Simulation and Analytical Results, in: Rubeis, V. de, Czechowski, Z., Teisseyre, R. (Eds.), Synchronization and Triggering: From Fracture to Earthquake Processes: Laboratory, Field Analysis and Theories, Geoplanet: Earth and Planetary Sciences. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 63–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hydro-environment Research.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. New Hominin Species Discovered in Ethiopia [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1970. Administration of Federal Support of Shore Facilities and Vessels for Research Activities at Oceanographic Institutions (No. B-169941). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Herron, J., 2017. The Use of Evidence Based Interventions in the Classroom for Students with Disabilities (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vanderwoude, M., 2016. Odd Question From a Man of God. New York Times A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tyson, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Rozema and Flowers, 2008; Tyson, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rozema and Flowers, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Raj et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hydro-environment Research
AbbreviationJ. Hydroenviron. Res.
ISSN (print)1570-6443
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Environmental Chemistry
Environmental Engineering
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Water Science and Technology

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