How to format your references using the Journal of Hydro-environment Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hydro-environment Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lazar, M.A., 2008. Developmental biology. How now, brown fat? Science 321, 1048–1049.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zanetti, M., Mahadevan, N.R., 2012. Cancer. Immune surveillance from chromosomal chaos? Science 337, 1616–1617.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gupta, G., Jalil, M.B.A., Liang, G., 2014. Evaluation of mobility in thin Bi2Se3 topological insulator for prospects of local electrical interconnects. Sci. Rep. 4, 6838.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, F., Wang, Z., Dong, W., Sun, C., Wang, H., Song, A., He, L., Fang, W., Chen, F., Teng, N., 2014. Transcriptomic and proteomic analysis reveals mechanisms of embryo abortion during chrysanthemum cross breeding. Sci. Rep. 4, 6536.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bertolo, D., 2016. Interactions on Digital Tablets in the Context of 3D Geometry Learning. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Srinivasulu, C., 2012. South Asian Mammals: Their Diversity, Distribution, and Status. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Maurya, S., Daniel, A.K., 2015. RBHR: Region-Based Hybrid Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks Using AI Technique, in: Das, K.N., Deep, K., Pant, M., Bansal, J.C., Nagar, A. (Eds.), Proceedings of Fourth International Conference on Soft Computing for Problem Solving: SocProS 2014, Volume 2, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer India, New Delhi, pp. 37–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hydro-environment Research.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. First Snakes Had Cute Ankles And Toes [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1983. NASA-Ames Research Center Should Not Have Awarded Computational Services Contract to SBA and Technology Development of California (No. AFMD-83-40). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
To, K.S., 2017. Loss of Promoter Methylation is Correlated with mRNA Induction of Senescence Upregulated Gene UGT78D1 (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. For Musial, A Birthday And A Medal. New York Times SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lazar, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Lazar, 2008; Zanetti and Mahadevan, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zanetti and Mahadevan, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hydro-environment Research
AbbreviationJ. Hydroenviron. Res.
ISSN (print)1570-6443
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Environmental Chemistry
Environmental Engineering
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Water Science and Technology

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