How to format your references using the Journal of Human Hypertension citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Human Hypertension. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rutter J. Essay: Amersham Biosciences and Science Prize. PAS domains and metabolic status signaling. Science 2002; 298: 1567–1568.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sugarman J, Siegel AW. Research ethics. When embryonic stem cell lines fail to meet consent standards. Science 2008; 322: 379.
A journal article with 3 authors
Magavi SS, Leavitt BR, Macklis JD. Induction of neurogenesis in the neocortex of adult mice. Nature 2000; 405: 951–955.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Heinrich AJ, Gupta JA, Lutz CP, Eigler DM. Single-atom spin-flip spectroscopy. Science 2004; 306: 466–469.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Douglas B. Achieving Business Success with GIS. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2008.
An edited book
Shi P (ed.). Natural Disasters in China. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Adams AE. Relocating the Contributions to Ethnography and Public Anthropology of Antonio Goubaud Carrera (1902–1951), Guatemala’s First Official Indigenist. In: Nash JC, Buechler HC (eds). Ethnographic Collaborations in Latin America: The Effects of Globalization. Palgrave Macmillan US: New York, NY, 2016, pp 67–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Human Hypertension.

Blog post
Luntz S. World First Photograph Shows Bird Flying With Egg Bump. IFLScience. 2014. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Serving the Congress and the Nation: Information Technology Information. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boylan M. Acute physiological resonses to yoga activity in a hot environment. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY JC Jr. Not Guilty, at Least Here, Lawyer Says. New York Times. 2017; : A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Human Hypertension
AbbreviationJ. Hum. Hypertens.
ISSN (print)0950-9240
ISSN (online)1476-5527
ScopeInternal Medicine

Other styles