How to format your references using the Journal of Human Hypertension citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Human Hypertension. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bonetta L. Protein-protein interactions: Real-time analysis. Nature 2010; 468: 854.
A journal article with 2 authors
Peter IS, Davidson EH. A gene regulatory network controlling the embryonic specification of endoderm. Nature 2011; 474: 635–639.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhou Q, Tao HW, Poo M-M. Reversal and stabilization of synaptic modifications in a developing visual system. Science 2003; 300: 1953–1957.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sencan I, Coskun AF, Sikora U, Ozcan A. Spectral demultiplexing in holographic and fluorescent on-chip microscopy. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 3760.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhurin VV. Industrial Ion Sources. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany, 2011.
An edited book
Pawlewski P, Greenwood A (eds.). Process Simulation and Optimization in Sustainable Logistics and Manufacturing. Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Andrews B, Hopper C. Short-Time Existence. In: Hopper C (ed). The Ricci Flow in Riemannian Geometry: A Complete Proof of the Differentiable 1/4-Pinching Sphere Theorem. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011, pp 83–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Human Hypertension.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Check Out This Amazing Footage Of Blue Origin’s Rocket Landing From Space. IFLScience. 2016. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Illegal Alien Schoolchildren: Issues in Estimating State-by-State Costs. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bergh PA. Reconfiguring academic priorities: Through the eyes of Michigan community college Chief Academic Officers. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Panel Hears Complaints On Pensions At Delphi. New York Times. 2011; : B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,1.
This sentence cites four references 1,1,1,1.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Human Hypertension
AbbreviationJ. Hum. Hypertens.
ISSN (print)0950-9240
ISSN (online)1476-5527
ScopeInternal Medicine

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