How to format your references using the Journal of Human Hypertension citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Human Hypertension. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lackner KS. Climate change. A guide to CO2 sequestration. Science 2003; 300: 1677–1678.
A journal article with 2 authors
Marquis M, Tans P. Climate change. Carbon crucible. Science 2008; 320: 460–461.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sharp DJ, Rogers GC, Scholey JM. Microtubule motors in mitosis. Nature 2000; 407: 41–47.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Estève J, Gross C, Weller A, Giovanazzi S, Oberthaler MK. Squeezing and entanglement in a Bose-Einstein condensate. Nature 2008; 455: 1216–1219.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fasano A. Engineer Your Own Success. John Wiley & Sons, Inc: Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
Abrahamsson P, Oza N (eds.). Lean Enterprise Software and Systems: First International Conference, LESS 2010, Helsinki, Finland, October 17-20, 2010. Proceedings. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Katz TR. Sources of Error in Corneal Refractive Surgery. In: Linke SJ, Katz T (eds). Complications in Corneal Laser Surgery. Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016, pp 33–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Human Hypertension.

Blog post
Taub B. Cannibal Squid Spotted Tearing Each Other To Pieces In California. IFLScience. 2016. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Procurement Equipment for St. Louis Postal Data Center. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luna AC. Analysis of the California Mental Health Services Act. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S. Maryland Rides Second-Half Rally to Sixth Straight Title. New York Times. 2000; : D10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Human Hypertension
AbbreviationJ. Hum. Hypertens.
ISSN (print)0950-9240
ISSN (online)1476-5527
ScopeInternal Medicine

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