How to format your references using the Journal of Human Hypertension citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Human Hypertension. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mawet D. PLANETARY SCIENCE. Eyeing up a Jupiter-like exoplanet. Science 2015; 350: 39–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nogués-Bravo D, Rahbek C. Ecology. Communities under climate change. Science 2011; 334: 1070–1071.
A journal article with 3 authors
Charrier I, Mathevon N, Jouventin P. Mother’s voice recognition by seal pups. Nature 2001; 412: 873.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Salvador JR, Guo F, Hogan T, Kanatzidis MG. Zero thermal expansion in YbGaGe due to an electronic valence transition. Nature 2003; 425: 702–705.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonem JM. Problem Solving for Process Operators and Specialists. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
Simonis H (ed.). Integration of AI and OR Techniques in Constraint Programming: 11th International Conference, CPAIOR 2014, Cork, Ireland, May 19-23, 2014. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Rondina MT, Schwertz H. Morphogenesis of Platelets in the Circulation. In: Schulze H, Italiano J (eds). Molecular and Cellular Biology of Platelet Formation: Implications in Health and Disease. Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016, pp 115–129.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Human Hypertension.

Blog post
Hale T. What’s The Absolute Farthest You Can Get On Planet Earth From Any Other Human Beings? IFLScience. 2016. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Insurance: Federal Insurance Program Needs Improvements to Ensure Success. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nakano Y. Characterization of copper, zinc-superoxide dismutase aggregates: Role of disulfide bonds and pathway for aggregation. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Romero S, Casey N. Joy, Then Grief, Over Brazil Team. New York Times. 2016; : A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Human Hypertension
AbbreviationJ. Hum. Hypertens.
ISSN (print)0950-9240
ISSN (online)1476-5527
ScopeInternal Medicine

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