How to format your references using the Geoderma Regional citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geoderma Regional. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schmitz, O.J., 2008. Effects of predator hunting mode on grassland ecosystem function. Science 319, 952–954.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yau, S.T., Vekilov, P.G., 2000. Quasi-planar nucleus structure in apoferritin crystallization. Nature 406, 494–497.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lavine, M., Frisk, M., Pennisi, E., 2012. Biomaterials. Introduction. Science 338, 899.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tomasino, A., Parisi, A., Stivala, S., Livreri, P., Cino, A.C., Busacca, A.C., Peccianti, M., Morandotti, R., 2013. Wideband THz time domain spectroscopy based on optical rectification and electro-optic sampling. Sci. Rep. 3, 3116.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kobilinsky, L., Liotti, T.F., Oeser-Sweat, J., 2004. DNA: Forensic and Legal Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bhattacharyya, S., Dutta, P., De, S., Klepac, G. (Eds.), 2016. Hybrid Soft Computing for Image Segmentation. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Lee, J., Cho, H., Kim, Y.S., 2015. Agile Supply Chain Decision Support System, in: Iyer, L.S., Power, D.J. (Eds.), Reshaping Society through Analytics, Collaboration, and Decision Support: Role of Business Intelligence and Social Media, Annals of Information Systems. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 29–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geoderma Regional.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Could Supermassive Black Holes At The Center Of Galaxies Be Wormholes? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. School Lunch Program: Cafeteria Managers’ Views on Food Wasted by Students (No. RCED-96-191). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Han, B., 2008. Mechanistic Consequences of Cardiac Oxidative Stress (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt, L.F., 2006. Mutiny in the Harbor: One Ship Too Many. New York Times 14WC7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schmitz, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Schmitz, 2008; Yau and Vekilov, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yau and Vekilov, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Tomasino et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeoderma Regional
ISSN (print)2352-0094
ScopeSoil Science

Other styles