How to format your references using the Geoderma Regional citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geoderma Regional. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McBain, C.J., 2012. Neuroscience. Decoding the neuronal Tower of Babel. Science 338, 482–483.
A journal article with 2 authors
Siders, C.W., Cavalleri, A., 2003. Materials science. Creating transient crystal structures with light. Science 300, 591–592.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, L.J., Kuzmich, A., Dogariu, A., 2000. Gain-assisted superluminal light propagation. Nature 406, 277–279.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hosseinzadeh, P., Bhardwaj, G., Mulligan, V.K., Shortridge, M.D., Craven, T.W., Pardo-Avila, F., Rettie, S.A., Kim, D.E., Silva, D.-A., Ibrahim, Y.M., Webb, I.K., Cort, J.R., Adkins, J.N., Varani, G., Baker, D., 2017. Comprehensive computational design of ordered peptide macrocycles. Science 358, 1461–1466.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ancheyta, J., 2011. Modeling and Simulation of Catalytic Reactors for Petroleum Refining. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Tosti, A., Beer, K., De Padova, M.P. (Eds.), 2012. Management of Complications of Cosmetic Procedures: Handling Common and More Uncommon Problems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Shaw, C.P., 2016. “Christ as Primary Sacrament,” in: Chapman, M.D., Haar, M. (Eds.), Pathways for Ecclesial Dialogue in the Twenty-First Century: Revisiting Ecumenical Method. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, pp. 29–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geoderma Regional.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. After Seven Months, Philae Has Woken Up! [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1978. Assessment of Testing Vertical Line Array Difar Sonobuoy AN/SS2-77 (No. PSAD-78-120). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Meissner, R., 2009. Analyzing inpatient hospital costs by payer: What do they mean for the future of health care in America? (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2017. An Indomitable Woman Goes West. New York Times C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McBain, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (McBain, 2012; Siders and Cavalleri, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Siders and Cavalleri, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Hosseinzadeh et al., 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeoderma Regional
ISSN (print)2352-0094
ScopeSoil Science

Other styles