How to format your references using the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scheid, J. F. (2015). HIV-specific B cell response in patients with broadly neutralizing serum activity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6265), 1175.
A journal article with 2 authors
Deschenes, L. A., and Vanden Bout, D. A. (2001). Single-molecule studies of heterogeneous dynamics in polymer melts near the glass transition. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5515), 255–258.
A journal article with 3 authors
Berger, A. H., Knudson, A. G., and Pandolfi, P. P. (2011). A continuum model for tumour suppression. Nature, 476(7359), 163–169.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Baur, J. A., Zou, Y., Shay, J. W., and Wright, W. E. (2001). Telomere position effect in human cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5524), 2075–2077.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heiberger, R. M. (2015). Computation for the Analysis of Designed Experiments. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hamblen, J. O. (2006). Rapid Prototyping of Digital Systems. (T. S. Hall and M. D. Furman, Eds.) (QUARTUS® II EDITION.). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Boucheneb, H., Barkaoui, K., and Weslati, K. (2014). Delay-Dependent Partial Order Reduction Technique for Time Petri Nets. In A. Legay and M. Bozga (Eds.), Formal Modeling and Analysis of Timed Systems: 12th International Conference, FORMATS 2014, Florence, Italy, September 8-10, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (pp. 53–68). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 27). Japan Is Turning Its Disused Golf Courses Into Solar Power Fields. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1972). Government Computer Acquisition Practices ( No. B-115369). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kolasa, A. (2014). Essays on Firm Behavior in Developing Countries (Doctoral dissertation). Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2017, September 17). At the Emmys, a Night of Politics and Trump. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Scheid, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Deschenes and Vanden Bout, 2001; Scheid, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Deschenes and Vanden Bout, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Baur et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
AbbreviationJ. Stud. Alcohol Drugs
ISSN (print)1937-1888
ISSN (online)1938-4114
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Health(social science)

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