How to format your references using the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cardinale, B. (2012). Ecology. Impacts of biodiversity loss. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6081), 552–553.
A journal article with 2 authors
Coles, H. J., and Pivnenko, M. N. (2005). Liquid crystal “blue phases” with a wide temperature range. Nature, 436(7053), 997–1000.
A journal article with 3 authors
Culley, A. I., Lang, A. S., and Suttle, C. A. (2006). Metagenomic analysis of coastal RNA virus communities. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5781), 1795–1798.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Jakobsen, B., Poulsen, H. F., Lienert, U., Almer, J., Shastri, S. D., Sørensen, H. O., Gundlach, C., et al. (2006). Formation and subdivision of deformation structures during plastic deformation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5775), 889–892.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stenzel, J. (2010). CIO Best Practices. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ussery, D. W., Wassenaar, T. M., and Borini, S. (Eds.). (2009). Computing for Comparative Microbial Genomics: Bioinformatics for Microbiologists. Computational Biology (Vol. 8). London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Mavroudis, C. (2015). Coarctation of the Aorta. In C. Mavroudis and C. L. Backer (Eds.), Atlas of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery (pp. 73–82). London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, September 1). NASA Releases Mesmerizing Time-Lapse Of Three Hurricanes Seen From Space. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). School Meal Programs: More Systematic Development of Specifications Could Improve the Safety of Foods Purchased through USDA’s Commodity Program ( No. GAO-11-376). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Arens, J. L. (2015). Power, Oppression, and Group Difference Interrogation: A Call to Social Justice Movement Organizations (Doctoral dissertation). Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barnes, B. (2016, December 12). ‘La La Land’ Leads the Race for the Globes. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heller, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain, 2013; Nafie, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Coles and Pivnenko, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Ley et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
AbbreviationJ. Stud. Alcohol Drugs
ISSN (print)1937-1888
ISSN (online)1938-4114
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Health(social science)

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