How to format your references using the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Miralda-Escudé, J. (2001). Cosmology. Probing matter at the lowest densities. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5532), 1055–1056.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jia, C. L., and Urban, K. (2004). Atomic-resolution measurement of oxygen concentration in oxide materials. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5666), 2001–2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang, X., Hansen, N., and Tsuji, N. (2006). Hardening by annealing and softening by deformation in nanostructured metals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5771), 249–251.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Cao, D., Yang, L., Liu, L., Yuan, H., Qian, S., Lv, X., Han, P., et al. (2014). A comparison of nifedipine and tamsulosin as medical expulsive therapy for the management of lower ureteral stones without ESWL. Scientific reports, 4, 5254.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Xing, B., Vecitis, C. D., and Senesi, N. (2016). Engineered Nanoparticles and the Environment: Biophysicochemical Processes and Toxicity. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Adibi, S. (Ed.). (2015). Mobile Health: A Technology Road Map. Springer Series in Bio-/Neuroinformatics (Vol. 5). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Rodrigues, E. R., and Achcar, J. A. (2013). Some Counting Processes and Ozone Air Pollution. In J. A. Achcar (Ed.), Applications of Discrete-time Markov Chains and Poisson Processes to Air Pollution Modeling and Studies, SpringerBriefs in Mathematics (pp. 79–89). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, May 19). New Species Of Pillbug Discovered Near L.A. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). International Air Passengers: Staffing Model for Airport Inspections Personnel Can Be Improved ( No. GAO-05-663). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prasad, A. B. (2010). Analyzing comparative sequence data to understand genome function and evolution (Doctoral dissertation). Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J. (2016, November 20). On Big Stage, Ward Makes Big Statement. New York Times, SP9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Miralda-Escudé, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Jia and Urban, 2004; Miralda-Escudé, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jia and Urban, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Cao et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
AbbreviationJ. Stud. Alcohol Drugs
ISSN (print)1937-1888
ISSN (online)1938-4114
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Health(social science)

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