How to format your references using the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vanderah, T. A. (2002). Materials science. Talking ceramics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5596), 1182–1184.
A journal article with 2 authors
Joseph, S. B., and Swanstrom, R. (2014). HIV/AIDS. A fitness bottleneck in HIV-1 transmission. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6193), 136–137.
A journal article with 3 authors
Coplan, P. M., Mitchnick, M., and Rosenberg, Z. F. (2004). Public health. Regulatory challenges in microbicide development. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5679), 1911–1912.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hofferberth, S., Lesanovsky, I., Fischer, B., Schumm, T., and Schmiedmayer, J. (2007). Non-equilibrium coherence dynamics in one-dimensional Bose gases. Nature, 449(7160), 324–327.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Olsson, A. (2005). Understanding Changing Telecommunications. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Berkowitz, S. (Ed.). (2006). Cleft Lip and Palate (2nd Edition.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Urbanek, A. (2016). Transaction Costs in the IT Project Implementation Illustrated with the Example of Silesian Card of Public Services. In J. Mikulski (Ed.), Challenge of Transport Telematics: 16th International Conference on Transport Systems Telematics, TST 2016, Katowice-Ustroń, Poland, March 16–19, 2016, Selected Papers, Communications in Computer and Information Science (pp. 35–46). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, June 5). 19 Year Old Develops Machine To Clean The Oceans Of Plastic. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Reports Issued in October 1987 ( No. 134487). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Husted, C. L. (2008). Systematic differentiation between Dark and Light Leaders: Is a corporate criminal profile possible? (Doctoral dissertation). Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartocollis, A. (2015, June 17). New Girl in School: Transgender Surgery at 18. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vanderah, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Joseph and Swanstrom, 2014; Vanderah, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Joseph and Swanstrom, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Hofferberth et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
AbbreviationJ. Stud. Alcohol Drugs
ISSN (print)1937-1888
ISSN (online)1938-4114
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Health(social science)

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