How to format your references using the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Centola, D. (2011). An experimental study of homophily in the adoption of health behavior. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6060), 1269–1272.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ostriker, J. P., and Steinhardt, P. (2003). New light on dark matter. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5627), 1909–1913.
A journal article with 3 authors
Walker, J. J., Spear, J. R., and Pace, N. R. (2005). Geobiology of a microbial endolithic community in the Yellowstone geothermal environment. Nature, 434(7036), 1011–1014.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hasselmann, M., Gempe, T., Schiøtt, M., Nunes-Silva, C. G., Otte, M., and Beye, M. (2008). Evidence for the evolutionary nascence of a novel sex determination pathway in honeybees. Nature, 454(7203), 519–522.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vorbrüggen, H. (2005). Silicon-Mediated Transformations of Functional Groups. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Read, R., Urzhumtsev, A. G., and Lunin, V. Y. (Eds.). (2013). Advancing Methods for Biomolecular Crystallography. NATO Science for Peace and Security Series A: Chemistry and Biology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Holzer, G. (2008). Orthopedic Surgery. In S. Grampp (Ed.), Radiology of Osteoporosis, Medical Radiology (pp. 69–76). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, October 27). Common Swifts Stay Airborne For 10 Months Straight. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). National Science Foundation: Steps Taken to Improve Contracting Practices, but Opportunities Exist to Do More ( No. GAO-13-292). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Henderson, M. M. (2013). Coming to Terms: Career Development Experiences of NCAA Division I Female Student-Athletes in Transition (Doctoral dissertation). Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M. (2017, September 10). Michael Friedman, Co-Creator of ‘Bloody Bloody Andrew Jackson,’ Dies at 41. New York Times, B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Centola, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Centola, 2011; Ostriker and Steinhardt, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ostriker and Steinhardt, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Hasselmann et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
AbbreviationJ. Stud. Alcohol Drugs
ISSN (print)1937-1888
ISSN (online)1938-4114
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Health(social science)

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