How to format your references using the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Noller, H. (2013). Carl Woese (1928-2012). Nature, 493(7434), 610.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mochida, S., and Hunt, T. (2007). Calcineurin is required to release Xenopus egg extracts from meiotic M phase. Nature, 449(7160), 336–340.
A journal article with 3 authors
Glazier, A. M., Nadeau, J. H., and Aitman, T. J. (2002). Finding genes that underlie complex traits. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5602), 2345–2349.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Patil, V., Capone, A., Strauf, S., and Yang, E.-H. (2013). Improved photoresponse with enhanced photoelectric contribution in fully suspended graphene photodetectors. Scientific reports, 3, 2791.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chan, N. H., and Wong, H. Y. (2013). Handbook of Financial Risk Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Simon, E. E. (Ed.). (2013). Hyponatremia: Evaluation and Treatment. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ho, V., and Nikolaidis, I. (2015). A Schedule Template Construction Technique for Duty Cycled Sensor Networks. In S. Papavassiliou and S. Ruehrup (Eds.), Ad-hoc, Mobile, and Wireless Networks: 14th International Conference, ADHOC-NOW 2015, Athens, Greece, June 29 -- July 1, 2015, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (pp. 48–61). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, June 27). House of Representatives Want to Limit Human Embryo Editing. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Year 2000 Computing Challenge: DEA Has Developed Plans and Established Controls for Business Continuity Planning ( No. AIMD-00-8). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zanjani, F. (2014). Leadership and decision making of successful Iranian American (Doctoral dissertation). Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M. D. (2017, August 1). In Trump’s Silence, Pence Takes a Swipe at Russia. New York Times, A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Noller, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Mochida and Hunt, 2007; Noller, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mochida and Hunt, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Patil et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
AbbreviationJ. Stud. Alcohol Drugs
ISSN (print)1937-1888
ISSN (online)1938-4114
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Health(social science)

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