How to format your references using the Journal of Historical Linguistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Historical Linguistics (JHL). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Forbes, Peter. 2005. Poetry and science: greatness in little. Nature 434:7031.320–323.
A journal article with 2 authors
Atkins, J.F. & R.F. Gesteland. 2001. mRNA readout at 40. Nature 414:6865.693.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, Yuxin, Wenbing Yun, & Chris Jacobsen. 2003. Achromatic Fresnel optics for wideband extreme-ultraviolet and X-ray imaging. Nature 424:6944.50–53.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lange, Philipp F., Lena Wartosch, Thomas J. Jentsch, & Jens C. Fuhrmann. 2006. ClC-7 requires Ostm1 as a beta-subunit to support bone resorption and lysosomal function. Nature 440:7081.220–223.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yanni, Souzan B. 2015. Translational ADMET for Drug Therapy. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pollack, Gerald H. & Wei Chun Chin (Eds.). 2008. Phase Transitions in Cell Biology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Bandyopadhyay, Bijnan, Fulwani Deepak, & Kyung Soo Kim. 2009. Integral Sliding Mode Based Composite Nonlinear Feedback Control. Sliding Mode Control Using Novel Sliding Surfaces ed. by Deepak Fulwani & Kyung-Soo Kim, 83–95. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Historical Linguistics.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. Five myths about the chemicals you breathe, eat and drink. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Transportation Infrastructure: States’ Implementation of Transportation Management Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carpenter, Kelly J. 2017. The Relationship between School Leadership Practices And School Climate. Unpublished thesis, Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Sean. 1995. Children’s Books. New York Times723.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dickson 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Coleman 2007, Fairley 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Atkins & Gesteland 2001)
  • Three authors: (Wang, Yun, & Jacobsen 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Myhrvold et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Historical Linguistics
AbbreviationJ. Hist. Linguist.
ISSN (print)2210-2116
ISSN (online)2210-2124
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Linguistics and Language

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