How to format your references using the Journal of Historical Linguistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Historical Linguistics (JHL). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wray, Gregory A. 2011. Evolution. CNCing is believing. Science (New York, N.Y.) 333:6045.946–947.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nandagopal, Nagarajan & Michael B. Elowitz. 2011. Synthetic biology: integrated gene circuits. Science (New York, N.Y.) 333:6047.1244–1248.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bai, Gongxun, Yang Zhang, & Jianhua Hao. 2014. Tuning of near-infrared luminescence of SrTiO3:Ni2+ thin films grown on piezoelectric PMN-PT via strain engineering. Scientific reports 4.5724.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mathews, Debra J.H., Peter Donovan, John Harris, Robin Lovell-Badge, Julian Savulescu, & Ruth Faden. 2006. Science and law. Integrity in international stem cell research collaborations. Science (New York, N.Y.) 313:5789.921–922.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perez, André. 2013. IP, Ethernet and MPLS Networks. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lozano, Jose A., Pedro Larrañaga, Iñaki Inza, & Endika Bengoetxea (Eds.). 2006. Towards a New Evolutionary Computation: Advances in the Estimation of Distribution Algorithms. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Calewaert, Jan Bart, Phil Weaver, Vikki Gunn, Patrick Gorringe, & Antonio Novellino. 2016. The European Marine Data and Observation Network (EMODnet): Your Gateway to European Marine and Coastal Data. Quantitative Monitoring of the Underwater Environment: Results of the International Marine Science and Technology Event MOQESM´14 in Brest, France ed. by Zerr Benoît Luc Jaulin Vincent Creuze Nathalie Debese Isabelle Quidu Benoît Clement & Annick Billon-Coat, 31–46. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Historical Linguistics.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. New System Allows Paralyzed Man To Control Robotic Arm With His Intentions. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2009. Global Positioning System: Significant Challenges in Sustaining and Upgrading Widely Used Capabilities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kelly, Lesly Ann. 2009. Nursing surveillance in the acute care setting: Latent variable development and analysis. Unpublished thesis, University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, Ben. 2017. A Star Still Airlifts the Show. New York TimesC1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wray 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Wray 2011, Nandagopal & Elowitz 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nandagopal & Elowitz 2011)
  • Three authors: (Bai, Zhang, & Hao 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Mathews et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Historical Linguistics
AbbreviationJ. Hist. Linguist.
ISSN (print)2210-2116
ISSN (online)2210-2124
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Linguistics and Language

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