How to format your references using the Journal of Historical Linguistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Historical Linguistics (JHL). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Benniston, Andrew. 2013. Chemistry. Corralling positively charged molecular radicals. Science (New York, N.Y.) 339:6118.404–405.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kelley, Katherine A. & Elizabeth Cottrell. 2009. Water and the oxidation state of subduction zone magmas. Science (New York, N.Y.) 325:5940.605–607.
A journal article with 3 authors
Watts, Duncan J., Peter Sheridan Dodds, & M.E.J. Newman. 2002. Identity and search in social networks. Science (New York, N.Y.) 296:5571.1302–1305.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, Changchun, Mohamed M. Sadik, Michael G. Mauk, Paul H. Edelstein, Frederic D. Bushman, Robert Gross, & Haim H. Bau. 2014. Nuclemeter: a reaction-diffusion based method for quantifying nucleic acids undergoing enzymatic amplification. Scientific reports 4.7335.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jaitly, Rajiv. 2016. Practical Operational Due Diligence on Hedge Funds. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Xiao, Tianyuan, Lin Zhang, & Minrui Fei (Eds.). 2012. AsiaSim 2012: Asia Simulation Conference 2012, Shanghai, China, October 27-30, 2012. Proceedings, Part II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Günther, Max & Bernd Borchert. 2013. Online Banking with NFC-Enabled Bank Card and NFC-Enabled Smartphone. Information Security Theory and Practice. Security of Mobile and Cyber-Physical Systems: 7th IFIP WG 11.2 International Workshop, WISTP 2013, Heraklion, Greece, May 28-30, 2013. Proceedings ed. by Cavallaro Lorenzo & Dieter Gollmann, 66–81. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Historical Linguistics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2016. Mysterious Dimming Star May Have A Giant Cloud Of Material Orbiting It. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1980. Congressional Oversight: Reality and Reform. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, Amye Mae. 2010. Examining the socially responsible leadership development outcomes of study abroad experiences for college seniors. Unpublished thesis, University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, James. 2017. Extra Innings and Late-Game Twists. New York TimesA2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Benniston 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Kelley & Cottrell 2009, Benniston 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kelley & Cottrell 2009)
  • Three authors: (Watts, Dodds, & Newman 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Liu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Historical Linguistics
AbbreviationJ. Hist. Linguist.
ISSN (print)2210-2116
ISSN (online)2210-2124
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Linguistics and Language

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