How to format your references using the Journal of Historical Linguistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Historical Linguistics (JHL). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pain, Elisabeth. 2008. Science careers. An adventurous physicist. Science (New York, N.Y.) 320:5882.1517.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bettencourt, Luis & Geoffrey West. 2010. A unified theory of urban living. Nature 467:7318.912–913.
A journal article with 3 authors
Piscitelli, Chayne L., Harini Krishnamurthy, & Eric Gouaux. 2010. Neurotransmitter/sodium symporter orthologue LeuT has a single high-affinity substrate site. Nature 468:7327.1129–1132.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, Yu, Lijing Yu, Wujie Cai, Shengjie Fan, Li Feng, Guang Ji, & Cheng Huang. 2014. Protopanaxatriol, a novel PPARγ antagonist from Panax ginseng, alleviates steatosis in mice. Scientific reports 4.7375.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reschetilowski, Wladimir. 2002. Technisch-Chemisches Praktikum. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Ruggieri, Francesca (Ed.). 2014. Criminal Proceedings, Languages and the European Union: Linguistic and Legal Issues. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Shen, Gang & Yanqing Zhang. 2013. Power Consumption Constrained Task Scheduling Using Enhanced Genetic Algorithms. Evolutionary Based Solutions for Green Computing ed. by Khan Samee Ullah Joanna Kołodziej Juan Li & Albert Y. Zomaya, 139–159. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Historical Linguistics.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2015. First Primate’s Lifestyle All In The Ankles. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. Meteorological Satellites. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Connelly, Julianna. 2010. A tradition of excellence transitions to the 21 st century: Hungarian mathematics education, 1988-2008. Unpublished thesis, Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, James. 2017. European Court Is Urged to Punish Hungary and Slovakia Over Refugees. New York TimesA6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pain 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Pain 2008, Bettencourt & West 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bettencourt & West 2010)
  • Three authors: (Piscitelli, Krishnamurthy, & Gouaux 2010)
  • 4 or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Historical Linguistics
AbbreviationJ. Hist. Linguist.
ISSN (print)2210-2116
ISSN (online)2210-2124
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Linguistics and Language

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