How to format your references using the Composite Structures citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Composite Structures. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Maziak W. Global voices of science. Science in the Arab world: vision of glories beyond. Science 2005;308:1416–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Rowley JJL, Alford RA. Hot bodies protect amphibians against chytrid infection in nature. Sci Rep 2013;3:1515.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Liu L, Leung EL-H, Tian X. Perspective: The clinical trial barriers. Nature 2011;480:S100.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Sugimoto Y, Pou P, Custance O, Jelinek P, Abe M, Perez R, et al. Complex patterning by vertical interchange atom manipulation using atomic force microscopy. Science 2008;322:413–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Willis DO. Business Basics for Dentists. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Rhee DJ. Ophthalmologic Drug Guide. 2nd ed. New York, NY: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Longaretti P-Y. Pressure-Driven Instabilities in Astrophysical Jets. In: Massaglia S, Bodo G, Mignone A, Rossi P, editors. Jets From Young Stars III: Numerical MHD and Instabilities, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008, p. 131–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Composite Structures.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. 10 Real Planets That Are Stranger Than Science Fiction. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/space/10-real-planets-are-stranger-science-fiction/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Direct Broadcast Satellite Subscribership Has Grown Rapidly, but Varies across Different Types of Markets. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Benware A. The Roles of Teaching Experience and Authoritative Classroom Management Style on Student Discipline. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Poniewozik J. Sketching an Artistic Love Triangle. New York Times 2017:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComposite Structures
AbbreviationCompos. Struct.
ISSN (print)0263-8223
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Ceramics and Composites

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