How to format your references using the Composite Structures citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Composite Structures. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Gächter S. Behavioural economics: Visible inequality breeds more inequality. Nature 2015;526:333–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Poon AC, Ferrell JE Jr. Systems biology. A clock with a flip switch. Science 2007;318:757–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Eggleton PP, Dearborn DSP, Lattanzio JC. Deep mixing of 3He: reconciling Big Bang and stellar nucleosynthesis. Science 2006;314:1580–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Kamnaksh A, Budde MD, Kovesdi E, Long JB, Frank JA, Agoston DV. Diffusion tensor imaging reveals acute subcortical changes after mild blast-induced traumatic brain injury. Sci Rep 2014;4:4809.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Center for Chemical Process Safety. Guidelines for Chemical Process Quantitative Risk Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Bordogna G, Psaila G, editors. Flexible Databases Supporting Imprecision and Uncertainty. vol. 203. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Babushkina D. F.H. Bradley’s Conception of the Moral Self: A New Reading. In: Mander WJ, Panagakou S, editors. British Idealism and the Concept of the Self, London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016, p. 67–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Composite Structures.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Rise Of Sexual Inequality In Ancient China Revealed In Bones. IFLScience 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Airport Noise: FAA’s Enforcement of Noise Rules at National Airport. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Finnegan RJ. Information food webs: A quantitative inquiry using a biological food web methodology. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Brantley B. The Surveillance State of Denmark. New York Times 2017:C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComposite Structures
AbbreviationCompos. Struct.
ISSN (print)0263-8223
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Ceramics and Composites

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