How to format your references using the Composite Structures citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Composite Structures. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Marx D. Chemistry. Throwing tetrahedral dice. Science 2004;303:634–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Li D, Kaner RB. Materials science. Graphene-based materials. Science 2008;320:1170–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Thornton JW, Need E, Crews D. Resurrecting the ancestral steroid receptor: ancient origin of estrogen signaling. Science 2003;301:1714–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Tun MMN, Aoki K, Senba M, Buerano CC, Shirai K, Suzuki R, et al. Protective role of TNF-α, IL-10 and IL-2 in mice infected with the Oshima strain of Tick-borne encephalitis virus. Sci Rep 2014;4:5344.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Hiltscher G, Mühlthaler W, Smits J. Industrial Pigging Technology. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2003.
An edited book
[1]
Brdar I, editor. The Human Pursuit of Well-Being: A Cultural Approach. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Bailey DL, Humm JL. Physics of Nuclear Oncology. In: Strauss HW, Mariani G, Volterrani D, Larson SM, editors. Nuclear Oncology: Pathophysiology and Clinical Applications, New York, NY: Springer; 2013, p. 79–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Composite Structures.

Blog post
[1]
Taub B. Exercise Gives You More Brain Cells, But Do These Push Old Memories Out Of Your Brain? IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/exercise-gives-more-brain-cells-push-old-memories-out-brain/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. The Centralizing Effects of Austerity on the Intergovernmental System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Shan J. A Theoretical Investigation of Radial Lateral Wells with Shockwave Completion in Shale Gas Reservoirs. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Price M. Trial by Fire: 2 Forests Offer Clues to Yellowstone’s Future. New York Times 2017:A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComposite Structures
AbbreviationCompos. Struct.
ISSN (print)0263-8223
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Ceramics and Composites

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