How to format your references using the International Journal of Hospitality Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Hospitality Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Strober, W., 2006. Immunology. Unraveling gut inflammation. Science 313, 1052–1054.
A journal article with 2 authors
Finkelstein, A., Taubman, S., 2015. Health care policy. Randomize evaluations to improve health care delivery. Science 347, 720–722.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kartal, B., Kuenen, J.G., van Loosdrecht, M.C.M., 2010. Engineering. Sewage treatment with anammox. Science 328, 702–703.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Plusa, B., Hadjantonakis, A.-K., Gray, D., Piotrowska-Nitsche, K., Jedrusik, A., Papaioannou, V.E., Glover, D.M., Zernicka-Goetz, M., 2005. The first cleavage of the mouse zygote predicts the blastocyst axis. Nature 434, 391–395.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lieberman, N.P., 2010. Process Engineering for a Small Planet. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Boyen, X., Chen, X. (Eds.), 2011. Provable Security: 5th International Conference, ProvSec 2011, Xi’an, China, October 16-18, 2011. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Bone, J., 2013. Becoming Animal, in: Vicars, M., McKenna, T. (Eds.), Discourse, Power, and Resistance Down Under, Transgressions. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp. 33–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Hospitality Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. 7th Grader Builds Braille Printer From Lego [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. Establishing a Proper Fee Schedule Under the Independent Offices Appropriation Act, 1952 (No. CED-77-70). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Skutt, S., 2017. Midlife Metamorphosis: Archetypal Imaginal Psychology in Midlife Rite of Passage (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by, 2005. Arts, Briefly; New Home for Private Art. New York Times E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Strober, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Finkelstein and Taubman, 2015; Strober, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Finkelstein and Taubman, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Plusa et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Hospitality Management
AbbreviationInt. J. Hosp. Manag.
ISSN (print)0278-4319
ScopeStrategy and Management
Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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