How to format your references using the International Journal of Hospitality Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Hospitality Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kreeger, K., 2002. Does travel broaden the scientific mind? Nature 419, 5.
A journal article with 2 authors
De Angelis, H., Skvarca, P., 2003. Glacier surge after ice shelf collapse. Science 299, 1560–1562.
A journal article with 3 authors
Núñez, L., Grosjean, M., Cartajena, I., 2002. Human occupations and climate change in the Puna de Atacama, Chile. Science 298, 821–824.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nagaoka, T., Inutsuka, A., Begum, K., Bin hafiz, K.M., Kishi, M., 2014. Vangl2 regulates E-cadherin in epithelial cells. Sci. Rep. 4, 6940.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gray, D.F., Malone, S.W., 2008. Macrofinancial Risk Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Job, G., 2016. Physical Chemistry from a Different Angle: Introducing Chemical Equilibrium, Kinetics and Electrochemistry by Numerous Experiments, 1st ed. 2016. ed. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Schwartz, B.J., Blackmore, M.A., Wetzler, S., Chung, H., 2014. Psychiatrist’s Changing Role in a Reformed Delivery System: Adding Value in Accountable Care Organizations, in: Summergrad, P., Kathol, R.G. (Eds.), Integrated Care in Psychiatry: Redefining the Role of Mental Health Professionals in the Medical Setting. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 69–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Hospitality Management.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2017. Electrical Shocks Bring Patients Out Of Comatose States For Up To A Week [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1972. Administration of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 in the Michigan and Ohio State Departments of Education (No. 088953). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Matsuda, T., 2012. Computational proposal for locating local defects in superconducting tapes (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., 2016. ‘I Am Cait,’ Failing to Attract Viewers, Is Ending After Two Seasons. New York Times C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kreeger, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (De Angelis and Skvarca, 2003; Kreeger, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (De Angelis and Skvarca, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Nagaoka et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Hospitality Management
AbbreviationInt. J. Hosp. Manag.
ISSN (print)0278-4319
ScopeStrategy and Management
Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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