How to format your references using the International Journal of Hospitality Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Hospitality Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McDonough, W.F., 2011. Geochemistry. Meteoritic clues point chromium toward Earth’s core. Science 331, 1397–1398.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kishore, S., Stamm, S., 2006. The snoRNA HBII-52 regulates alternative splicing of the serotonin receptor 2C. Science 311, 230–232.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alimardani, M., Nishio, S., Ishiguro, H., 2013. Humanlike robot hands controlled by brain activity arouse illusion of ownership in operators. Sci. Rep. 3, 2396.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sundkvist, D., Krasnoselskikh, V., Shukla, P.K., Vaivads, A., André, M., Buchert, S., Rème, H., 2005. In situ multi-satellite detection of coherent vortices as a manifestation of Alfvénic turbulence. Nature 436, 825–828.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Linacre, A.M.T., Tobe, S.S., 2013. Wildlife DNA Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Münch, J., Yang, Y., Schäfer, W. (Eds.), 2010. New Modeling Concepts for Today’s Software Processes: International Conference on Software Process, ICSP 2010, Paderborn, Germany, July 8-9, 2010. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Furbach, U., Schon, C., 2015. Deontic Logic for Human Reasoning, in: Eiter, T., Strass, H., Truszczyński, M., Woltran, S. (Eds.), Advances in Knowledge Representation, Logic Programming, and Abstract Argumentation: Essays Dedicated to Gerhard Brewka on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 63–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Hospitality Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Two Most Destructive Termite Species Could Be Creating “Super” Hybrids [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. Spectrum Management: Preliminary Findings on Federal Relocation Costs and Auction Revenues (No. GAO-13-563T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dotson, K.T., 2009. Smoke points of microgravity and normal gravity coflow diffusion flames (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2006. Justices to Hear Case on Use of Union Fees. New York Times A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McDonough, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Kishore and Stamm, 2006; McDonough, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kishore and Stamm, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Sundkvist et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Hospitality Management
AbbreviationInt. J. Hosp. Manag.
ISSN (print)0278-4319
ScopeStrategy and Management
Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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