How to format your references using the International Journal of Hospitality Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Hospitality Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2004. State of the unions. Nature 428, 965.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kale, M.J., Christopher, P., 2015. PHYSICS. Plasmons at the interface. Science 349, 587–588.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moreira, J.A., Pacheco, J.M., Santos, F.C., 2013. Evolution of collective action in adaptive social structures. Sci. Rep. 3, 1521.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Prigge, S.T., Eipper, B.A., Mains, R.E., Amzel, L.M., 2004. Dioxygen binds end-on to mononuclear copper in a precatalytic enzyme complex. Science 304, 864–867.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tobias, J., Hochhauser, D., 2014. Cancer and its Management. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Ambrosetti, A., 2006. Perturbation Methods and Semilinear Elliptic Problems on Rn, Progress in Mathematics. Birkhäuser, Basel.
A chapter in an edited book
Carberry, S., Elzer, S., 2007. Exploiting Evidence Analysis in Plan Recognition, in: Conati, C., McCoy, K., Paliouras, G. (Eds.), User Modeling 2007: 11th International Conference, UM 2007, Corfu, Greece, July 25-29, 2007. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 7–16.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Hospitality Management.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Why Are Some People Selfish? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1974. More Competition Needed in the Federal Procurement of Automatic Data Processing Equipment (No. B-115369). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lynch, L.E., 2013. Financial regulation and economic performance: A descriptive correlation study of American financial institutions (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2000. On the West Side, Who Will Pay to Make Room for Green? New York Times 1410.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Kale and Christopher, 2015; Smaglik, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kale and Christopher, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Prigge et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Hospitality Management
AbbreviationInt. J. Hosp. Manag.
ISSN (print)0278-4319
ScopeStrategy and Management
Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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