How to format your references using the International Journal of Hospitality Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Hospitality Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Benford, G., 2001. Where might it lead? Nature 414, 399.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith, M.M., Johanson, Z., 2003. Separate evolutionary origins of teeth from evidence in fossil jawed vertebrates. Science 299, 1235–1236.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lan, R., Irvine, J.T.S., Tao, S., 2013. Synthesis of ammonia directly from air and water at ambient temperature and pressure. Sci. Rep. 3, 1145.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tang, Q., Wang, C., Wang, D., Pawlowicz, R., 2014. Seismic, satellite, and site observations of internal solitary waves in the NE South China Sea. Sci. Rep. 4, 5374.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simon, P., Brousse, T., Favier, F., 2017. Supercapacitors Based on Carbon or Pseudocapacitive Materials. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Osaki, M., Tsuji, N. (Eds.), 2016. Tropical Peatland Ecosystems. Springer Japan, Tokyo.
A chapter in an edited book
Sobhani-Tehrani, E., Khorasani, K., 2009. Application to a Satellite’s Attitude Control Subsystem, in: Khorasani, K. (Ed.), Fault Diagnosis of Nonlinear Systems Using a Hybrid Approach, Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 99–217.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Hospitality Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2016. Explainer: What Is Microgravity? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Federal Aviation Administration: Improved Tracking of Results Needed to Provide Confidence in Benefits of Streamlining Activities (No. GAO-15-247). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lindemann-Litzsinger, C., 2017. Investigating the Possible Relationship Between Participation in High School Athletics and First-Generation College Student Persistence to College Graduation (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Joy, S., 2013. Time to Take the Leap. New York Times E11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Benford, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Benford, 2001; Smith and Johanson, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Smith and Johanson, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Tang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Hospitality Management
AbbreviationInt. J. Hosp. Manag.
ISSN (print)0278-4319
ScopeStrategy and Management
Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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