How to format your references using the Journal of Herbal Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Herbal Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fischer, D., 2012. Planetary science: early start for rocky planets. Nature 486, 331–332.
A journal article with 2 authors
Buskirk, A.R., Green, R., 2013. Biochemistry. Getting past polyproline pauses. Science 339, 38–39.
A journal article with 3 authors
Giovannetti, V., Lloyd, S., Maccone, L., 2004. Quantum-enhanced measurements: beating the standard quantum limit. Science 306, 1330–1336.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yang, Z.-C., Tang, C.-H., Zhang, Y., Gong, H., Li, X., Wang, J., 2013. Cobalt monoxide-doped porous graphitic carbon microspheres for supercapacitor application. Sci. Rep. 3, 2925.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ho, R.J.Y., Gibaldi, M., 2003. Biotechnology and Biopharmaceuticals. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
D’Alessandro, C., 2016. Cities and Spaces of Leadership: A Geographical Perspective. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Grando, M.A., Moss, L., Glasspool, D., Sleeman, D., Sim, M., Gilhooly, C., Kinsella, J., 2011. Argumentation-Logic for Explaining Anomalous Patient Responses to Treatments, in: Peleg, M., Lavrač, N., Combi, C. (Eds.), Artificial Intelligence in Medicine: 13th Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Medicine, AIME 2011, Bled, Slovenia, July 2-6, 2011. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 35–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Herbal Medicine.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2016. Harbor Porpoises Must Eat All The Time To Live [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. International Aviation: Competition Issues in the U.S.-U.K. Market (No. T-RCED-97-103). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maldonado, A., 2012. Incorporating abilities awareness into a bullying prevention program (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2017. Film Series. New York Times C21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fischer, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Buskirk and Green, 2013; Fischer, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Buskirk and Green, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Yang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Herbal Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Herb. Med.
ISSN (print)2210-8033
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine

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