How to format your references using the Journal of Herbal Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Herbal Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Peng, R.D., 2011. Reproducible research in computational science. Science 334, 1226–1227.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gokhale, V.J., Rais-Zadeh, M., 2014. Phonon-electron interactions in piezoelectric semiconductor bulk acoustic wave resonators. Sci. Rep. 4, 5617.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dubilier, N., McFall-Ngai, M., Zhao, L., 2015. Microbiology: Create a global microbiome effort. Nature 526, 631–634.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sasaki, S., Ishiguro, R., Caupin, F., Maris, H.J., Balibar, S., 2006. Superfluidity of grain boundaries and supersolid behavior. Science 313, 1098–1100.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang, J.-J., 2014. Hydraulic Fracturing in Earth-Rock Fill DAMS. John Wiley & Sons, Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore.
An edited book
Weaver, J.L., 2012. Pro JavaFX 2: A Definitive Guide to Rich Clients with Java Technology. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Good, R., 2012. Why the Study of Pseudoscience Should Be Included in Nature of Science Studies, in: Khine, M.S. (Ed.), Advances in Nature of Science Research: Concepts and Methodologies. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 97–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Herbal Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Check Out This Live stream Of Deep Underwater Exploration Around Hawaii [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1975. Planning for America’s Bicentennial Celebration--A Progress Report (No. RED-75-373). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Penney, G., 2010. Executive Fire Officers’ strategic thinking capabilities and their relationship with information and communication technology (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S., 2015. Becoming a Vampire, or Almost Anything Else. New York Times WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Peng, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Gokhale and Rais-Zadeh, 2014; Peng, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gokhale and Rais-Zadeh, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Sasaki et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Herbal Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Herb. Med.
ISSN (print)2210-8033
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine

Other styles