How to format your references using the Journal of Herbal Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Herbal Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Selkoe, D.J., 2003. Folding proteins in fatal ways. Nature 426, 900–904.
A journal article with 2 authors
Trenberth, K.E., Otto-Bliesner, B.L., 2003. Paleoclimate. Toward integrated reconstruction of past climates. Science 300, 589–590.
A journal article with 3 authors
Iyengar, V.K., Reeve, H.K., Eisner, T., 2002. Paternal inheritance of a female moth’s mating preference. Nature 419, 830–832.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Goldberger, J., He, R., Zhang, Y., Lee, S., Yan, H., Choi, H.-J., Yang, P., 2003. Single-crystal gallium nitride nanotubes. Nature 422, 599–602.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schroeder, K., Thompson, T., Frith, K., Pencheon, D., 2012. Sustainable Healthcare. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Margottini, C., Canuti, P., Sassa, K. (Eds.), 2013. Landslide Science and Practice: Volume 3: Spatial Analysis and Modelling. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Cleophas, T.J., Zwinderman, A.H., 2013. Quality-of-Life (QOL) Assessments with Odds Ratios, in: Zwinderman, A.H. (Ed.), Machine Learning in Medicine: Part Two. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 39–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Herbal Medicine.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. We’re About To Get Our First Ever Image Of A Black Hole [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1973. Protest of Air Force Contract Award (No. B-175469). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schiffbauer, L.W., 2013. The pursuit of self-esteem: A help or a hindrance in thriving in the workplace? (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J.R., 2016. In the Classical Music World, Sept. 11 Anniversary Will Pass With Little Notice. New York Times C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Selkoe, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Selkoe, 2003; Trenberth and Otto-Bliesner, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Trenberth and Otto-Bliesner, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Goldberger et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Herbal Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Herb. Med.
ISSN (print)2210-8033
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine

Other styles