How to format your references using the Journal of Herbal Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Herbal Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Garrett, B.C., 2004. Chemistry. Ions at the air/water interface. Science 303, 1146–1147.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yuan, H., Marmorstein, R., 2013. Biochemistry. Red wine, toast of the town (again). Science 339, 1156–1157.
A journal article with 3 authors
Park, S.-H., Zarrinpar, A., Lim, W.A., 2003. Rewiring MAP kinase pathways using alternative scaffold assembly mechanisms. Science 299, 1061–1064.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Skotheim, J.M., Di Talia, S., Siggia, E.D., Cross, F.R., 2008. Positive feedback of G1 cyclins ensures coherent cell cycle entry. Nature 454, 291–296.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
de Gyurky, S.M., 2006. The Cognitive Dynamics of Computer Science. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Peng, H.-X., 2016. Ferromagnetic Microwire Composites: From Sensors to Microwave Applications, 1st ed. 2016. ed, Engineering Materials and Processes. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Derval, D., Bremer, J., 2012. Find the Perfect Balance, in: Bremer, J. (Ed.), Hormones, Talent, and Career: Unlock Your Hormonal Quotient®, SpringerBriefs in Business. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 71–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Herbal Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Just How Little Do We Know About The Ocean Floor? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Information Technology: OMB Can More Effectively Use Its Investment Reviews (No. GAO-05-571T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilkins, D., 2015. The Value of the Semantic Differential to the Art Educator (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Clarke, J., 2016. Surf’s Up, Finally, for Women at America’s Premier Big-Wave Competition. New York Times D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Corliss, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Wentrup, 2002; Wickware, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yuan and Marmorstein, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Heath et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Herbal Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Herb. Med.
ISSN (print)2210-8033
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine

Other styles