How to format your references using the Journal of Herbal Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Herbal Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker, M., 2010. RNA interference: MicroRNAs as biomarkers. Nature 464, 1227.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mogilner, A., Oster, G., 2003. Cell biology. Shrinking gels pull cells. Science 302, 1340–1341.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tong, S., Meagher, S., Vollenhoven, B., 2002. Sonography: dizygotic twin survival in early pregnancy. Nature 416, 142.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Holzheid, A., Sylvester, P., O’Neill, H.S., Rubie, D.C., Palme, H.S., 2000. Evidence for a late chondritic veneer in the Earth’s mantle from high-pressure partitioning of palladium and platinum. Nature 406, 396–399.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Higman, B.W., 2011. How Food Made History. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Hu, P., 2013. Theories, Methods and Numerical Technology of Sheet Metal Cold and Hot Forming: Analysis, Simulation and Engineering Applications, Springer Series in Advanced Manufacturing. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Marcus, D.A., Bain, P.A., 2009. Acute Treatment Options for the Pregnant Headache Patient, in: Marcus, D. (Ed.), Effective Migraine Treatment in Pregnant and Lactating Women: A Practical Guide. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 71–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Herbal Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. No, We Aren’t Heading Into A ‘Mini Ice Age’ [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. DOD Business Systems Modernization: Key Marine Corps System Acquisition Needs to Be Better Justified, Defined, and Managed (No. GAO-08-822). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Delmont, L.O., 2012. Wings pumping, wings stilled (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Childs, M., 2017. Pimco and Star Investor Settle Venomous War Over His Ouster. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Baker, 2010; Mogilner and Oster, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mogilner and Oster, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Holzheid et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Herbal Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Herb. Med.
ISSN (print)2210-8033
ScopeComplementary and alternative medicine

Other styles