How to format your references using the AGE citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for AGE. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wang MD (2008) A biophysicist marvels at the idea of grabbing microscopic particles with light by tweaking its phase. Nature 454:921
A journal article with 2 authors
Benton MJ, Ayala FJ (2003) Dating the tree of life. Science 300:1698–1700
A journal article with 3 authors
Cremer S, Sledge MF, Heinze J (2002) Chemical mimicry: male ants disguised by the queen’s bouquet. Nature 419:897
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Soares LMM, Zanier K, Mackereth C, et al (2006) Intron removal requires proofreading of U2AF/3’ splice site recognition by DEK. Science 312:1961–1965

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Good PI (2013) Introduction to Statistics Through Resampling Methods and R. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Samarati P (ed) (2015) Data and Applications Security and Privacy XXIX: 29th Annual IFIP WG 11.3 Working Conference, DBSec 2015, Fairfax, VA, USA, July 13-15, 2015, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Yan X, Jeschke S, Dubey A, et al (2009) RENS – Enabling a Robot to Identify a Person. In: Xie M, Xiong Y, Xiong C, et al. (eds) Intelligent Robotics and Applications: Second International Conference, ICIRA 2009, Singapore, December 16-18, 2009. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 43–54

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for AGE.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2016) Russia Wants To Send People Back To The Moon In 2031. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/russia-wants-to-send-people-to-the-moon-in-2031/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Information Technology: SBA Needs to Strengthen Oversight of Its Loan Management and Accounting System Modernization. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Armstrong-Romero KA (2017) Cultural influences and the impact of workplace bullying. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2017) Syndergaard Rethinks Training: Fewer Weights, More Flexibility. New York Times SP8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wang 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Benton and Ayala 2003; Wang 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Benton and Ayala 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Soares et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAGE
AbbreviationAge (Dordr.)
ISSN (print)0161-9152
ISSN (online)1574-4647
ScopeAgeing
General Medicine
Geriatrics and Gerontology

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