How to format your references using the AGE citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for AGE. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaiser J (2015) What does a disease deserve? Science 350:900–902
A journal article with 2 authors
Mimitou EP, Symington LS (2008) Sae2, Exo1 and Sgs1 collaborate in DNA double-strand break processing. Nature 455:770–774
A journal article with 3 authors
Sambanis N, Schulhofer-Wohl J, Shayo M (2012) Social psychology. Parochialism as a central challenge in counterinsurgency. Science 336:805–808
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Romanov SR, Kozakiewicz BK, Holst CR, et al (2001) Normal human mammary epithelial cells spontaneously escape senescence and acquire genomic changes. Nature 409:633–637

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kasper S, Montgomery S (2013) Treatment-resistant Depression. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford
An edited book
Roy HE, Vega FE, Chandler D, et al (eds) (2010) The Ecology of Fungal Entomopathogens. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Liddy ED (2014) iSchools & the iSchool at Syracuse University. In: Chen C, Larsen R (eds) Library and Information Sciences: Trends and Research. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 31–37

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for AGE.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) This Is How Your Brain Figures Out When Your Belly Is Full. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1970) Expenditure of Federal Funds by Timberlane Regional High School District, New Hampshire. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wen J (2012) Moving office document processing into the cloud. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2007) Supreme Court to Hear Appeal Of Mexican Death Row Inmate. New York Times A16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kaiser 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Mimitou and Symington 2008; Kaiser 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mimitou and Symington 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Romanov et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAGE
AbbreviationAge (Dordr.)
ISSN (print)0161-9152
ISSN (online)1574-4647
General Medicine
Geriatrics and Gerontology

Other styles