How to format your references using the AGE citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for AGE. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kondoh M (2003) Foraging adaptation and the relationship between food-web complexity and stability. Science 299:1388–1391
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaminski T, Heimann M (2001) Inverse modeling of atmospheric carbon dioxide fluxes. Science 294:259
A journal article with 3 authors
Núñez L, Grosjean M, Cartajena I (2002) Human occupations and climate change in the Puna de Atacama, Chile. Science 298:821–824
A journal article with 5 or more authors
van der Meijde M, Marone F, Giardini D, van der Lee S (2003) Seismic evidence for water deep in Earth’s upper mantle. Science 300:1556–1558

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dowrick DJ (2005) Earthquake Risk Reduction. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Li D, Chen Y (eds) (2013) Computer and Computing Technologies in Agriculture VI: 6th IFIP WG 5.14 International Conference, CCTA 2012, Zhangjiajie, China, October 19-21, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, Part I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Hargittai E, Hinnant A (2006) Toward a Social Framework for Information Seeking. In: Spink A, Cole C (eds) New Directions in Human Information Behavior. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 55–70

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for AGE.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2015) This 360-Degree Camera Will Give You A Virtual Reality Astronaut Experience On The ISS. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1986) NASA’s Shuttle Booster Rocket Motor Procurement. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eisenberg DA (2012) Effectiveness of an eel curriculum on student achievement for the California earth science standard on ocean currents A comparative analysis. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lyman R, Walsh MW (2014) Task Force Report Urges Municipalities to Stop Hiding Fiscal Troubles. New York Times A14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kondoh 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Kaminski and Heimann 2001; Kondoh 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kaminski and Heimann 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (van der Meijde et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAGE
AbbreviationAge (Dordr.)
ISSN (print)0161-9152
ISSN (online)1574-4647
General Medicine
Geriatrics and Gerontology

Other styles