How to format your references using the AGE citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for AGE. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Domning DP (2001) The earliest known fully quadrupedal sirenian. Nature 413:625–627
A journal article with 2 authors
Dai X, Huang N (2014) Numerical simulation of drifting snow sublimation in the saltation layer. Sci Rep 4:6611
A journal article with 3 authors
Corezzi S, Fioretto D, Rolla P (2002) Bond-controlled configurational entropy reduction in chemical vitrification. Nature 420:653–656
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ben-Chaim Y, Chanda B, Dascal N, et al (2006) Movement of “gating charge” is coupled to ligand binding in a G-protein-coupled receptor. Nature 444:106–109

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Knowles R (2012) 200 Contractual Problems and their Solutions. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Leung CS, Lee M, Chan JH (eds) (2009) Neural Information Processing: 16th International Conference, ICONIP 2009, Bangkok, Thailand, December 1-5, 2009, Proceedings, Part II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Friberg J, Al-Rawi FNH (2016) CBS 8539. A Mixed Metrological Table Text from Achaemenid Nippur. In: Al-Rawi FNH (ed) New Mathematical Cuneiform Texts. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 133–147

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for AGE.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Commonly Used Pesticide Has Detrimental Consequences On Bumblebee Foraging. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010) Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Fiscal Year 2010 Highway Trust Fund Excise Taxes. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lowry LA (2017) Creative Aging in Senior Centers: A Grounded Theory Study. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2014) Encore, for the Curlers and Their Pants. New York Times B15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Domning 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Domning 2001; Dai and Huang 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dai and Huang 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Ben-Chaim et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAGE
AbbreviationAge (Dordr.)
ISSN (print)0161-9152
ISSN (online)1574-4647
General Medicine
Geriatrics and Gerontology

Other styles