How to format your references using the AGE citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for AGE. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rakic P (2001) Neurobiology. Neurocreationism--making new cortical maps. Science 294:1011–1012
A journal article with 2 authors
Gerszten RE, Wang TJ (2008) The search for new cardiovascular biomarkers. Nature 451:949–952
A journal article with 3 authors
Takano A, Endo T, Yoshihisa T (2005) tRNA actively shuttles between the nucleus and cytosol in yeast. Science 309:140–142
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Nurieva RI, Chung Y, Martinez GJ, et al (2009) Bcl6 mediates the development of T follicular helper cells. Science 325:1001–1005

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blevins RD (2015) Formulas for Dynamics, Acoustics and Vibration. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Hawthorne G (ed) (2012) Diabetes Care for the Older Patient: A Practical Handbook. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Chen Y, Linderholt A, Abrahamsson T (2014) Frequency Response Calculations of a Nonlinear Structure a Comparison of Numerical Methods. In: Kerschen G (ed) Nonlinear Dynamics, Volume 2: Proceedings of the 32nd IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics, 2014. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 35–44

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for AGE.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) A New Space Race Is On To Bring The Internet To The Whole World. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) Education Research: Preliminary Observations on the Institute of Education Sciences’ Research and Evaluation Efforts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DeLutis-Eichenberger AN (2010) El proceso semiótico de un héroe decimonónico: Un estudio en torno a los “textos-tumbas” de Andrés Bello. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by (2009) Contemporary Art Prize Is Awarded In Russia. New York Times C2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rakic 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Rakic 2001; Gerszten and Wang 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gerszten and Wang 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Nurieva et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAGE
AbbreviationAge (Dordr.)
ISSN (print)0161-9152
ISSN (online)1574-4647
General Medicine
Geriatrics and Gerontology

Other styles