How to format your references using the Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology (CBAB). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Widder EA (2010) Bioluminescence in the ocean: origins of biological, chemical, and ecological diversity. Science (New York, N.Y.) 328: 704–708.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jeoung J-H and Dobbek H (2007) Carbon dioxide activation at the Ni,Fe-cluster of anaerobic carbon monoxide dehydrogenase. Science (New York, N.Y.) 318: 1461–1464.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baker CR, Hanson-Smith V and Johnson AD (2013) Following gene duplication, paralog interference constrains transcriptional circuit evolution. Science (New York, N.Y.) 342: 104–108.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cong W, Liu B, Liu S, Sun M, Liu H, Yang Y, Wang R and Xiao J (2014) Implications of the Wnt5a/CaMKII pathway in retinoic acid-induced myogenic tongue abnormalities of developing mice. Scientific reports 4: 6082.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown MA and Kaplan L (2012) The Advanced Practice Registered Nurse as a Prescriber. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Cheng C-M, Chung K-M, Persiano G and Yang B-Y (eds) (2016) Public-Key Cryptography – PKC 2016: 19th IACR International Conference on Practice and Theory in Public-Key Cryptography, Taipei, Taiwan, March 6-9, 2016, Proceedings, Part II, 1st ed. 2016. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, XIV, 464 p. 51 illus. in colorp.
A chapter in an edited book
Meier HEM and Höglund A (2013) Studying the Baltic Sea Circulation with Eulerian Tracers. Springer International Publishing, Heidelberg, p. 101–129. In Soomere T and Quak E (eds) Preventive Methods for Coastal Protection: Towards the Use of Ocean Dynamics for Pollution Control.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Protein That Can Edit Other Proteins Without DNA Blueprint Discovered. IFLScience. IFLScience. Available at <> Accessed on October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) Customs Service Modernization: Strategic Information Management Must Be Improved for National Automation Program to Succeed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kennedy-Reid SK (2012) Exploring the Habitus: A Phenomenological Study of Transformative Learning Processes. George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Widder 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Jeoung and Dobbek 2007, Widder 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jeoung and Dobbek 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Cong et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCrop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology
AbbreviationCrop Breed. Appl. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)1518-7853
ISSN (online)1984-7033

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