How to format your references using the Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology (CBAB). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fairley P (2015) Energy storage: Power revolution. Nature 526: S102-4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Miniati F and Beresnyak A (2015) Self-similar energetics in large clusters of galaxies. Nature 523: 59–62.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ferguson NM, Galvani AP and Bush RM (2003) Ecological and immunological determinants of influenza evolution. Nature 422: 428–433.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Flanagan JF, Mi L-Z, Chruszcz M, Cymborowski M, Clines KL, Kim Y, Minor W, Rastinejad F and Khorasanizadeh S (2005) Double chromodomains cooperate to recognize the methylated histone H3 tail. Nature 438: 1181–1185.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bain BJ, Wild BJ, Stephens AD and Phelan LA (2010) Variant Haemoglobins. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Fitzgerald RC (ed) (2011) Pre-Invasive Disease: Pathogenesis and Clinical Management. Springer, New York, NY, XXII, 519 pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Yang Z-Z, Song Q-W and He L-N (2012) Functionalized-PEG as Catalysts for CO2 Conversion. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, p. 55–70. In Song Q-W and He L-N (eds) Capture and Utilization of Carbon Dioxide with Polyethylene Glycol.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Can Americans Have Both Environmental Preservation And Expanded Oil Drilling? IFLScience. IFLScience. Available at <> Accessed on October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Transatlantic Aviation: Effects of Easing Restrictions on U.S.-European Markets. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Belflower KE (2012) The relationship between demographic and employment variables of job satisfaction among emergency nurses. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2002) The New Commitments. p. 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fairley 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Fairley 2015, Miniati and Beresnyak 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Miniati and Beresnyak 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Flanagan et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleCrop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology
AbbreviationCrop Breed. Appl. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)1518-7853
ISSN (online)1984-7033

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