How to format your references using the Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology (CBAB). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Michael HA (2013) Geochemistry. An arsenic forecast for China. Science (New York, N.Y.) 341: 852–853.
A journal article with 2 authors
Filardi CE and Moyle RG (2005) Single origin of a pan-Pacific bird group and upstream colonization of Australasia. Nature 438: 216–219.
A journal article with 3 authors
Comas D, Petit F and Preat T (2004) Drosophila long-term memory formation involves regulation of cathepsin activity. Nature 430: 460–463.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bouarab K, Melton R, Peart J, Baulcombe D and Osbourn A (2002) A saponin-detoxifying enzyme mediates suppression of plant defences. Nature 418: 889–892.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dos Santos EC Jr and Cabral da Silva ER (2014) ADVANCED POWER ELECTRONICS CONVERTERS. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Straus J (ed) (2009) The Role of Law and Ethics in the Globalized Economy. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, XXI, 177 pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Giani A, Cereda M and Staurenghi G (2009) Spectral-Domain Oct Spectralis HRA-OCT and Cirrus Zeiss. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, p. 35–48. In Coscas F, Vismara S, Zourdani A, and Calzi CIL (eds) Optical Coherence Tomography in Age-Related Macular Degeneration: OCT in AMD.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) Cosmic Lighthouse Disappears From View. IFLScience. IFLScience. Available at Accessed on October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Air Force Rationale for JDAM Production Decision. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hintz L (2015) Fighting for Us, Inside and Out: National Identity Contestation and Foreign Policy in Turkey. George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW and de la MERCED MJ (2010) Big Setback For A.I.G. In Repaying Taxpayers. p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Michael 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Filardi and Moyle 2005, Michael 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Filardi and Moyle 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Bouarab et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleCrop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology
AbbreviationCrop Breed. Appl. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)1518-7853
ISSN (online)1984-7033

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