How to format your references using the Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology (CBAB). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoag H (2015) Molecular biology: Marked progress. Nature 527: S114-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Peppe DJ and Royer DL (2015) ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCE. Can climate feel the pressure? Science (New York, N.Y.) 348: 1210–1211.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hasnaoui A, Van Swygenhoven H and Derlet PM (2003) Dimples on nanocrystalline fracture surfaces as evidence for shear plane formation. Science (New York, N.Y.) 300: 1550–1552.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cook ER, Woodhouse CA, Eakin CM, Meko DM and Stahle DW (2004) Long-term aridity changes in the western United States. Science (New York, N.Y.) 306: 1015–1018.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Forsberg K and Mansdorf SZ (2005) Quick Selection Guide to Chemical Protective Clothing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Tejchman J (2010) Experimental and Theoretical Investigations of Steel-Fibrous Concrete Kozicki J (ed). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, V, 280 pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Chia S (2010) Transfer of services to emerging markets – mobile services, m-payment & m-health. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, p. 25–33. In Picot A and Lorenz J (eds) ICT for the Next Five Billion People: Information and Communication for Sustainable Development.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) Early Humans Colonized Europe In A Series Of Separate Waves. IFLScience. IFLScience. Available at <> Accessed on October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) NOAA Fleet: Responses to Post-Hearing Questions. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boothe CS (2012) The effects of prototype medium on the user’s overall perception of usability and ability to detect usability flaws. Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S (2016) Where Warhol and Chagall Adorn the Walls. p. WE10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoag 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Hoag 2015, Peppe and Royer 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Peppe and Royer 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Cook et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleCrop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology
AbbreviationCrop Breed. Appl. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)1518-7853
ISSN (online)1984-7033

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