How to format your references using the Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology (CBAB). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Childress L (2014) Physics. Diamond dynamics under control. Science (New York, N.Y.) 345: 1247–1248.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bland PA and Artemieva NA (2003) Efficient disruption of small asteroids by Earth’s atmosphere. Nature 424: 288–291.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang P, Wang J and Shi Y (2010) Structure and mechanism of the S component of a bacterial ECF transporter. Nature 468: 717–720.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li Q, Li Z, Li N, Chen X, Chen P, Shen X and Lu W (2014) High-polarization-discriminating infrared detection using a single quantum well sandwiched in plasmonic micro-cavity. Scientific reports 4: 6332.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bai Y (2010) Practical Database Programming with Visual C#.NET. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Voelkel NF and Schranz D (eds) (2015) The Right Ventricle in Health and Disease. Springer, New York, NY, XVII, 488 pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Li X and Gao S (2012) Effects of Sea Surface Temperature. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, p. 111–124. In Gao S (ed) Precipitation Modeling and Quantitative Analysis.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2015) The Universe Is Dying. IFLScience. IFLScience. Available at <> Accessed on October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) NASA Procurement: Planning for Pilot Test of New Procurement Procedures Is Adequate. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dusenberry W (2017) Integrating depth psychology in adolescent court-mandated treatment facilities: Increasing treatment efficacy and client engagement. Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pastan L (2015) The Bridge. p. MM28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Childress 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bland and Artemieva 2003, Childress 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bland and Artemieva 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCrop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology
AbbreviationCrop Breed. Appl. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)1518-7853
ISSN (online)1984-7033

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