How to format your references using the Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology (CBAB). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Adam D (2002) Royal Institution’s director blasts scientific sexism. Nature 420: 453.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kennel C and Dressler A (2014) Space science. Coping with uncertainty in space science planning. Science (New York, N.Y.) 343: 140–141.
A journal article with 3 authors
Song YQ, Ryu S and Sen PN (2000) Determining multiple length scales in rocks. Nature 406: 178–181.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Banino A, Barry C, Uria B, Blundell C, Lillicrap T, Mirowski P, Pritzel A, Chadwick MJ, Degris T, Modayil J, Wayne G, Soyer H, Viola F, Zhang B, Goroshin R, Rabinowitz N, Pascanu R, Beattie C, Petersen S, Sadik A, Gaffney S, King H, Kavukcuoglu K, Hassabis D, Hadsell R and Kumaran D (2018) Vector-based navigation using grid-like representations in artificial agents. Nature 557: 429–433.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Duchon C and Hale R (2012) Time Series Analysis in Meteorology and Climatology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Semmler W and Schwaiger M (eds) (2008) Molecular Imaging I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, XXVII, 280 p. 132 illus., 51 illus. in colorp.
A chapter in an edited book
Habir M (2016) Indonesia’s Bank Governance Trend Post-1998 Crisis. Springer International Publishing, Cham, p. 45–63. In Verhezen P, Williamson I, Crosby M, and Soebagjo N (eds) Doing Business in ASEAN Markets: Leadership Challenges and Governance Solutions across Asian Borders.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) First Sighting of Gigantic Energy Buildup Confirms Solar Flare Models. IFLScience. IFLScience. Available at <> Accessed on October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1968) Need To Improve System for Managing Capitalized Equipment in the Bureau of Indian Affairs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCafferty B (2009) Chalk Talk. University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW (2011) Tallying the Financial Aftermath: Japan Government Likely To Bear Big Monetary Loss. p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Adam 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Adam 2002, Kennel and Dressler 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kennel and Dressler 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Banino et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleCrop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology
AbbreviationCrop Breed. Appl. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)1518-7853
ISSN (online)1984-7033

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