How to format your references using the Journal of Hepatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hepatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Bohannon J. The Gonzo Scientist. Slaying monsters for science. Science 2008;320:1592.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Mattaini KR, Vander Heiden MG. Cancer. Glycosylation to adapt to stress. Science 2012;337:925–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Yan D, Zhou Y, Hou J. Supramolecular self-assembly of macroscopic tubes. Science 2004;303:65–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Ushioda R, Hoseki J, Araki K, Jansen G, Thomas DY, Nagata K. ERdj5 is required as a disulfide reductase for degradation of misfolded proteins in the ER. Science 2008;321:569–72.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Center for Chemical Process Safety. Guidelines for Initiating Events and Independent Protection Layers in Layer of Protection Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Gabryś-Barker D, Wojtaszek A, editors. Studying Second Language Acquisition from a Qualitative Perspective. vol. 27. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Verhagen HJ. Classical, Innovative and Unconventional Coastline Protection Methods. In: Zimmermann C, Dean RG, Penchev V, Verhagen HJ, editors. Environmentally Friendly Coastal Protection: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Environmentally Friendly Coastal Protection Structures Varna, Bulgaria 25–27 May 2004, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005, p. 57–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hepatology.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Amazing Photographs Of Drugs Enlarged. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/chemistry/amazing-photographs-drugs-under-microscope/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Digests of Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Vol. IV, No. 6. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Gemmer J. Shape Selection in the non-Euclidean Model of Elasticity. Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Poniewozik J. It’s That ’80s Show. New York Times 2017:C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hepatology
AbbreviationJ. Hepatol.
ISSN (print)0168-8278
ScopeHepatology

Other styles