How to format your references using the Journal of Hepatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hepatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Lupascu A. Quantum physics: The path most travelled. Nature 2014;511:538–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Hofmann HA, Stevenson PA. Flight restores fight in crickets. Nature 2000;403:613.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Khor B, Gardet A, Xavier RJ. Genetics and pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease. Nature 2011;474:307–17.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Zomot E, Bendahan A, Quick M, Zhao Y, Javitch JA, Kanner BI. Mechanism of chloride interaction with neurotransmitter:sodium symporters. Nature 2007;449:726–30.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Derryberry DR. Basic Data Analysis for Time Series with R. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Artho C, Ölveczky PC, editors. Formal Techniques for Safety-Critical Systems: 4th International Workshop, FTSCS 2015, Paris, France, November 6-7, 2015. Revised Selected Papers. vol. 596. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Hall JC. Cancer Patients and Skin Disease. In: Hall JC, editor. Skin Diseases in the Immunocompromised, London: Springer; 2014, p. 45–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hepatology.

Blog post
[1]
Taub B. Researchers Take Steps Towards Developing A “Universal” Vaccine To Cure All Cancers. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/researchers-take-steps-towards-developing-universal-vaccine-cure-all-cancers/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Government Financial Vulnerability: 14 Areas Needing Special Review. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Cuomo AP. SB 48 and social media: Constituing an audience for and against California’s LGBT education legislation. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Paulson M. ‘Great Comet’ Shines Bright. New York Times 2017:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hepatology
AbbreviationJ. Hepatol.
ISSN (print)0168-8278
ScopeHepatology

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