How to format your references using the Journal of Hepatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hepatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Lerner LS. Good and bad science in US schools. Nature 2000;407:287–90.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Schliwa M, Woehlke G. Molecular motors. Nature 2003;422:759–65.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Ginsberg MR, Rubin RA, Natowicz MR. Patterning of regional gene expression in autism: new complexity. Sci Rep 2013;3:1831.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Liu S, Li P, Dybkov O, Nottrott S, Hartmuth K, Lührmann R, et al. Binding of the human Prp31 Nop domain to a composite RNA-protein platform in U4 snRNP. Science 2007;316:115–20.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Beg D, Kuhlmann U, Davaine L, Braun B. Design of Plated Structures. Berlin, Germany: Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Sakawa M. Linear and Multiobjective Programming with Fuzzy Stochastic Extensions. vol. 203. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Marshall J-C, Bakalian S, Maria de Oliveira Martins C. Metastasis Suppressor Genes. In: Burnier JV, Burnier MN Jr, editors. Experimental and Clinical Metastasis: A Comprehensive Review, New York, NY: Springer; 2013, p. 37–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hepatology.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. This Galactic Nursery Is A Window To The Past. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/space/galactic-nursery-window-past/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Social Security Downsizing: Significant Savings but Some Service Quality and Operational Problems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Pan X. Using Structural Information in Modeling and Multiple Alignments for Phylogenetics. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kelly C. Vape Shops Fear Effects Of New F.D.A. Rules. New York Times 2017:B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hepatology
AbbreviationJ. Hepatol.
ISSN (print)0168-8278
ScopeHepatology

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