How to format your references using the Journal of Hepatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hepatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rampling J. Tudor technology: Shakespeare and science. Nature 2014;508:39–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
Parson EA, Keith DW. Science and regulation. End the deadlock on governance of geoengineering research. Science 2013;339:1278–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim SW, Shimoyama T, Hosono H. Solvated electrons in high-temperature melts and glasses of the room-temperature stable electride [Ca₂₄Al₂₈O₆₄]4+·4e. Science 2011;333:71–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sánchez-Román M, Fernández-Remolar D, Amils R, Sánchez-Navas A, Schmid T, San Martin-Uriz P, et al. Microbial mediated formation of Fe-carbonate minerals under extreme acidic conditions. Sci Rep 2014;4:4767.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Colloms M, Darlington P. High Performance Loudspeakers. West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.; 2005.
An edited book
Kowalczyk R, Nguyen NT, editors. Transactions on Computational Collective Intelligence XVI. vol. 8780. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Kiayias A, Osmanoglu M, Tang Q. Graded Signatures. In: Lopez J, Mitchell CJ, editors. Information Security: 18th International Conference, ISC 2015, Trondheim, Norway, September 9-11, 2015, Proceedings, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 61–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hepatology.

Blog post
Fang J. New Species Of Snake Discovered In Western Australia. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Issues Concerning the National Materials Policy, Research and Development Act of 1980, Public Law 96-479. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McLean MR. Analyzing the relationship of geographic mobility and institutional prestige to career advancement of women in academic medicine pursuing midcareer-, senior-, or executive-level administrative positions: Implications for career advancement strategies. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. U.S.T.A. Faces Suit Over Sabbath Schedule. New York Times 2014:D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hepatology
AbbreviationJ. Hepatol.
ISSN (print)0168-8278

Other styles