How to format your references using the International Journal of Water Resources Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Water Resources Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harley, C. D. G. (2011). Climate change, keystone predation, and biodiversity loss. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6059), 1124–1127.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hathaway, D. H., & Rightmire, L. (2010). Variations in the Sun’s meridional flow over a solar cycle. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5971), 1350–1352.
A journal article with 3 authors
Queitsch, C., Sangster, T. A., & Lindquist, S. (2002). Hsp90 as a capacitor of phenotypic variation. Nature, 417(6889), 618–624.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bleul, C. C., Corbeaux, T., Reuter, A., Fisch, P., Mönting, J. S., & Boehm, T. (2006). Formation of a functional thymus initiated by a postnatal epithelial progenitor cell. Nature, 441(7096), 992–996.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bottomley, G. E. (2011). Channel Equalization for Wireless Communications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Macintosh, A., Ellis, R., & Allen, T. (Eds.). (2006). Applications and Innovations in Intelligent Systems XIII: Proceedings of AI-2005, the Twenty-fifth SGAI International Conference on Innovative Techniques and Applications of Artificial Intelligence, Cambridge, UK, December 2005. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chevitarese, D. S., Szwarcman, D., & Vellasco, M. (2012). Speeding Up the Training of Neural Networks with CUDA Technology. In L. Rutkowski, M. Korytkowski, R. Scherer, R. Tadeusiewicz, L. A. Zadeh, & J. M. Zurada (Eds.), Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing: 11th International Conference, ICAISC 2012, Zakopane, Poland, April 29-May 3, 2012, Proceedings, Part I (pp. 30–38). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Water Resources Development.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, September 10). The Parasite That Causes Chagas Disease Is Much More Widespread In The USA Than Previously Thought. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Opportunities for Improving Management of Local Telephone Service (B-146864). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Woerner, L. C. (2010). Complicated grief: A case study of pathological bereavement [Doctoral dissertation]. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, K. (2010, September 19). Achieving Techno-Literacy. New York Times, MM21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Harley, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Harley, 2011; Hathaway & Rightmire, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hathaway & Rightmire, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Queitsch et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bleul et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Water Resources Development
AbbreviationInt. J. Water Resour. Dev.
ISSN (print)0790-0627
ISSN (online)1360-0648
ScopeWater Science and Technology

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