How to format your references using the International Journal of Water Resources Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Water Resources Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ivins, E. R. (2009). Ocean science. Ice sheet stability and sea level. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5929), 888–889.
A journal article with 2 authors
Oremland, R. S., & Stolz, J. F. (2003). The ecology of arsenic. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5621), 939–944.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gordon, A. L., Susanto, R. D., & Vranes, K. (2003). Cool Indonesian throughflow as a consequence of restricted surface layer flow. Nature, 425(6960), 824–828.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Weigel, L. M., Clewell, D. B., Gill, S. R., Clark, N. C., McDougal, L. K., Flannagan, S. E., Kolonay, J. F., Shetty, J., Killgore, G. E., & Tenover, F. C. (2003). Genetic analysis of a high-level vancomycin-resistant isolate of Staphylococcus aureus. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5650), 1569–1571.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lemaire, M. (2014). Mechanics and Uncertainty. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Schanz, T. (Ed.). (2007). Theoretical and Numerical Unsaturated Soil Mechanics (Vol. 113). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Joseph, M. S., M.a, A., G.a, R., Raju, R., & V.k., J. (2010). Navigation and Position Control of Underwater Vehicle ROSUB 6000. In P. Vadakkepat, J.-H. Kim, N. Jesse, A. A. Mamun, T. K. Kiong, J. Baltes, J. Anderson, I. Verner, & D. Ahlgren (Eds.), Trends in Intelligent Robotics: 13th FIRA Robot World Congress, FIRA 2010, Bangalore, India, September 15-17, 2010. Proceedings (pp. 25–32). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Water Resources Development.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, July 30). Inventor Develops Synthetic “Leaf” That Produces Oxygen. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Customs Service Modernization: Management Improvements Needed on High-Risk Automated Commercial Environment Project (GAO-02-545). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Blackwell, P. K. (2017). Timbre Fantasy: An Analysis on Coloristic Choices in John Corigliano’s Etude Fantasy [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2006, August 6). QUICK BITE/Wharton; No Sawdust, But a Real Pit. New York Times, 14NJ9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ivins, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Ivins, 2009; Oremland & Stolz, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Oremland & Stolz, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Gordon et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Weigel et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Water Resources Development
AbbreviationInt. J. Water Resour. Dev.
ISSN (print)0790-0627
ISSN (online)1360-0648
ScopeWater Science and Technology

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