How to format your references using the International Journal of Water Resources Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Water Resources Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker, D. N. (2002). Space science. How to cope with space weather. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5586), 1486–1487.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brédas, J.-L., & Silbey, R. (2009). Chemistry. Excitons surf along conjugated polymer chains. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5912), 348–349.
A journal article with 3 authors
Smolin, J. A., Smith, G., & Vargo, A. (2013). Oversimplifying quantum factoring. Nature, 499(7457), 163–165.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hemerly, A. S., Prasanth, S. G., Siddiqui, K., & Stillman, B. (2009). Orc1 controls centriole and centrosome copy number in human cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5915), 789–793.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prud’Homme, R. (2014). Flows and Chemical Reactions in Heterogeneous Mixtures. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hurst, C. J. (Ed.). (2016). The Mechanistic Benefits of Microbial Symbionts (Vol. 2). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Schaafsma, G. C. P., & Vihinen, M. (2015). Genetic Variation in Bruton Tyrosine Kinase. In A. Plebani & V. Lougaris (Eds.), Agammaglobulinemia (pp. 75–85). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Water Resources Development.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, August 29). Illegal Drugs In People’s Pee Are Altering River Ecosystems. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1970). Controls Over Computer-Generated Output at the Naval Supply Center, Oakland (092817). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Galan, M. (2012). Educational practices to support homeless students [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J., Yee, V., & Furber, M. (2017, July 22). Resurgent Cry in Minnesota Police Killing: Why? New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Baker, 2002; Brédas & Silbey, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brédas & Silbey, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Smolin et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hemerly et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Water Resources Development
AbbreviationInt. J. Water Resour. Dev.
ISSN (print)0790-0627
ISSN (online)1360-0648
ScopeWater Science and Technology

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