How to format your references using the International Journal of Water Resources Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Water Resources Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hardcastle, M. J. (2011). Astronomy. Revealing the gamma-ray jet in a black hole binary. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6028), 429–430.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nacher, J. C., & Akutsu, T. (2013). Structural controllability of unidirectional bipartite networks. Scientific Reports, 3, 1647.
A journal article with 3 authors
Turner, A. H., Makovicky, P. J., & Norell, M. A. (2007). Feather quill knobs in the dinosaur Velociraptor. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5845), 1721.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tachiwana, H., Kagawa, W., Shiga, T., Osakabe, A., Miya, Y., Saito, K., Hayashi-Takanaka, Y., Oda, T., Sato, M., Park, S.-Y., Kimura, H., & Kurumizaka, H. (2011). Crystal structure of the human centromeric nucleosome containing CENP-A. Nature, 476(7359), 232–235.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Popkin, J. D. (2011). A Concise History of the Haitian Revolution. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Tsikalas, F., Dypvik, H., & Smelror, M. (Eds.). (2011). The Mjølnir Impact Event and its Consequences: Geology and Geophysics of a Late Jurassic/Early Cretaceous Marine Impact Event. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kumar, S., & Gulati, R. (2014). Relevance of Non-traditional Activities on the Efficiency of Indian Banks. In R. Gulati (Ed.), Deregulation and Efficiency of Indian Banks (pp. 167–200). Springer India.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Water Resources Development.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, May 23). Supernovae Have Diverse Beginnings. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Comments on Department of Education Use of Subsequent-Year Appropriations (B-236667). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ma, D. (2010). Acyclic congeners of Cucurbit[n]uril and a related mechanistic study on the Cucurbit[n]uril forming reaction [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011, August 13). U.S. Grateful to Be Part Of a Sport’s Growth. New York Times, D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hardcastle, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Hardcastle, 2011; Nacher & Akutsu, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nacher & Akutsu, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Turner et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Tachiwana et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Water Resources Development
AbbreviationInt. J. Water Resour. Dev.
ISSN (print)0790-0627
ISSN (online)1360-0648
ScopeWater Science and Technology

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