How to format your references using the Journal on Multimodal User Interfaces citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal on Multimodal User Interfaces. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fontana W (2006) Chemistry. Pulling strings. Science 314:1552–1553
A journal article with 2 authors
Koentges G, Matsuoka T (2002) Evolution. Jaws of the fates. Science 298:371–373
A journal article with 3 authors
Zilberman D, Cao X, Jacobsen SE (2003) ARGONAUTE4 control of locus-specific siRNA accumulation and DNA and histone methylation. Science 299:716–719
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zurbuchen TH, Raines JM, Slavin JA, et al (2011) MESSENGER observations of the spatial distribution of planetary ions near Mercury. Science 333:1862–1865

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ballast DK (2010) Interior Detailing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Bang-Jensen J (2009) Digraphs: Theory, Algorithms and Applications. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Markovich NM, Krieger UR (2013) Analysis of Packet Transmission Processes in Peer-to-Peer Networks by Statistical Inference Methods. In: Biersack E, Callegari C, Matijasevic M (eds) Data Traffic Monitoring and Analysis: From Measurement, Classification, and Anomaly Detection to Quality of Experience. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 104–119

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal on Multimodal User Interfaces.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) As Biodiversity Declines On Corn Farms, Pest Problems Grow. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) November 1988 Internet Computer Virus and the Vulnerability of National Telecommunications Networks to Computer Viruses. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yu B (2013) Periodic Motions and Bifurcation Tree in a Periodically Excited Oscillator with Quadratic Nonlinearity. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2005) Court to Rule on What Constitutes Employer Retaliation. New York Times A23

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal on Multimodal User Interfaces
ISSN (print)1783-7677
ISSN (online)1783-8738
ScopeHuman-Computer Interaction
Signal Processing

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