How to format your references using the Journal on Multimodal User Interfaces citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal on Multimodal User Interfaces. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Lewin HA (2009) Genetics. It’s a bull’s market. Science 324:478–479
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Vollan B, Ostrom E (2010) Social science. Cooperation and the commons. Science 330:923–924
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Nazin GV, Qiu XH, Ho W (2003) Visualization and spectroscopy of a metal-molecule-metal bridge. Science 302:77–81
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Relaix F, Rocancourt D, Mansouri A, Buckingham M (2005) A Pax3/Pax7-dependent population of skeletal muscle progenitor cells. Nature 435:948–953

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Taha A-EM, Hassanein HS, Ali NA (2011) LTE, LTE-Advanced and WiMAX. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Gao W (2014) Advanced Video Coding Systems. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Fujii K (2012) Role of RANS, Hybrid and LES for Wing Flow Simulations at Relatively Low Reynolds Numbers. In: Fu S, Haase W, Peng S-H, Schwamborn D (eds) Progress in Hybrid RANS-LES Modelling: Papers Contributed to the 4th Symposium on Hybrid RANS-LES Methods, Beijing, China, September 2011. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 45–57

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal on Multimodal User Interfaces.

Blog post
1.
Taub B (2016) Mental Health And Romance Are The Roots Of Happiness, Study Finds. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/mental-health-romance-roots-happiness/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2000) Bureau of Indian Affairs: Use of Highway Trust Fund Resources. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Merritt KM (2017) Predicting the Success of Running Back Prospects in the National Football League. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kishkovsky S (2006) Engels Would Gasp, and Locals Gripe, at a Golden Mile. New York Times A4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal on Multimodal User Interfaces
ISSN (print)1783-7677
ISSN (online)1783-8738
ScopeHuman-Computer Interaction
Signal Processing

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