How to format your references using the Journal on Multimodal User Interfaces citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal on Multimodal User Interfaces. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Bartlett SD (2014) Quantum computing: powered by magic. Nature 510:345–347
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Salazar-Ciudad I, Jernvall J (2010) A computational model of teeth and the developmental origins of morphological variation. Nature 464:583–586
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Pearson PD, Moje E, Greenleaf C (2010) Literacy and science: each in the service of the other. Science 328:459–463
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Lea DW, Pak DK, Peterson LC, Hughen KA (2003) Synchroneity of tropical and high-latitude Atlantic temperatures over the last glacial termination. Science 301:1361–1364

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Labuszewski JW, Nyhoff JE, Co R, Peterson PE (2010) The CME Group Risk Management Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Hameurlain A, Morvan F, Tjoa AM (2010) Data Management in Grid and Peer-to-Peer Systems: Third International Conference, Globe 2010, Bilbao, Spain, September 1-2, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Djukić D, Janković V, Matić I, Petrović N (2011) Solutions. In: Janković V, Matić I, Petrović N (eds) The IMO Compendium: A Collection of Problems Suggested for The International Mathematical Olympiads: 1959-2009 Second Edition. Springer, New York, NY, pp 347–790

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal on Multimodal User Interfaces.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R (2017) Australian Trees And Termite Mounds Hint At Hidden Gold Caches. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1999) Year 2000 Computing Challenge: FAA Continues to Make Important Strides, But Vulnerabilities Remain. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Karmacharya B (2015) Population Dynamics of Northern Cardinal and Carolina Wren in an Urban Forest Fragment: Safe Refuge or Ecological Trap? Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hayes S by T (2017) The Way It Is. New York Times MM15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal on Multimodal User Interfaces
ISSN (print)1783-7677
ISSN (online)1783-8738
ScopeHuman-Computer Interaction
Signal Processing

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