How to format your references using the Journal of Hearing Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hearing Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Brumfiel G. High-voltage shock sparks fusion from X-ray crush. Nature. 2003 Apr 10;422:549.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Volz J, Rauschenbeutel A. Applied physics. Triggering an optical transistor with one photon. Science. 2013 Aug 16;341:725–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Kellis M, Birren BW, Lander ES. Proof and evolutionary analysis of ancient genome duplication in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Nature. 2004 Apr 8;428:617–24.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Kajiwara Y, Harii K, Takahashi S, et al. Transmission of electrical signals by spin-wave interconversion in a magnetic insulator. Nature. 2010 Mar 11;464:262–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Hansen KL, Zenobia KE. Civil Engineer’s Handbook of Professional Practice. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Crowston K, Hammouda I, Lundell B, Robles G, Gamalielsson J, Lindman J, editors. Open Source Systems: Integrating Communities: 12th IFIP WG 2.13 International Conference, OSS 2016, Gothenburg, Sweden, May 30 - June 2, 2016, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Pappin J. Edmund Burke and John Locke on the Metaphysics of Substance. In: Vermeir K, Funk Deckard M, editors. The Science of Sensibility: Reading Burke’s Philosophical Enquiry. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. p. 107–22.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hearing Science.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. How Do You Get To Mars In Half The Time? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/how-do-you-get-mars-half-time/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Characteristics and Choices of Internet Users. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001 Feb. Report No.: GAO-01-345.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Delcambre ML. Finite Difference Schemes for a Structured Model of Mycobacterium marinum [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Poniewozik J. A Divide Refracted in Blue, Black and White. New York Times. 2017 Mar 21;C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hearing Science
ISSN (print)2083-389X
ISSN (online)2084-3127
Scope

Other styles