How to format your references using the Journal of Hearing Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hearing Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik P. Working for peanuts. Nature. 2003 Sep 18;425:323.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Livio M, Rees MJ. Cosmology. Anthropic reasoning. Science. 2005 Aug 12;309:1022–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Pornillos O, Ganser-Pornillos BK, Yeager M. Atomic-level modelling of the HIV capsid. Nature. 2011 Jan 20;469:424–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Schopf JW, Kudryavtsev AB, Agresti DG, Wdowiak TJ, Czaja AD. Laser--Raman imagery of Earth’s earliest fossils. Nature. 2002 Mar 7;416:73–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Saliba AJ, Corona JC, Johnson KE. Option Spread Strategies. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Majoral J-P, editor. New Aspects in Phosphorus Chemistry V: -/-. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Tepe H. Rethinking Human Nature as a Basis for Human Rights. In: Albers M, Hoffmann T, Reinhardt J, editors. Human Rights and Human Nature. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014. p. 57–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hearing Science.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. Website That Tracked Fake Science Journals Has Suddenly Vanished [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/website-that-tracked-fake-science-journals-has-suddenly-vanished/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Federal Aviation Administration: Financial Management Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Mar. Report No.: T-AIMD-99-122.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Muehlhauser C. Perceived Criticism, Self-Criticism, and Disordered Eating Patterns in College Students [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Brantley B. Still Stretching Toward Heaven. New York Times. 2017 May 5;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hearing Science
ISSN (print)2083-389X
ISSN (online)2084-3127
Scope

Other styles