How to format your references using the Journal of Hearing Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hearing Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
de Gennes PG. Ultradivided matter. Nature. 2001 Jul 26;412:385.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Rosenberg SM, Hastings PJ. Microbiology and evolution. Modulating mutation rates in the wild. Science. 2003 May 30;300:1382–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bass AH, Gilland EH, Baker R. Evolutionary origins for social vocalization in a vertebrate hindbrain-spinal compartment. Science. 2008 Jul 18;321:417–21.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Ratje AH, Loerke J, Mikolajka A, et al. Head swivel on the ribosome facilitates translocation by means of intra-subunit tRNA hybrid sites. Nature. 2010 Dec 2;468:713–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Collins D. Magic in the Ancient Greek World. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
1.
Pan Z, Cheok AD, Müller W, Chang M, Zhang M, editors. Transactions on Edutainment VIII. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Nguyen C, Park J. Characterizations and Tests of Stepped-Frequency Continuous-Wave Radar Sensors. In: Park J, editor. Stepped-Frequency Radar Sensors: Theory, Analysis and Design. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 99–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hearing Science.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Engineered Viruses Could Fight Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/engineered-viruses-could-fight-antibiotic-resistant-bacteria/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Business Systems Modernization: Results of Review of IRS’ Customer Account Data Engine Project. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001 Jun. Report No.: GAO-01-717.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Miranda PJ. Tightly-coupled sulfur-cycling microbial mats of the White Point hydrothermal vent field, CA: An analog for deep-sea vents [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Schwirtz M, Rashbaum WK. Accused of Spying, a New York City Correction Official Is Removed. New York Times. 2017 May 8;A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hearing Science
ISSN (print)2083-389X
ISSN (online)2084-3127
Scope

Other styles