How to format your references using the Journal of Hearing Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hearing Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Ghosh T. STRETCHABLE ELECTRONICS. Stretch, wrap, and relax to smartness. Science. 2015 Jul 24;349:382–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Eberl G, Littman DR. Thymic origin of intestinal alphabeta T cells revealed by fate mapping of RORgammat+ cells. Science. 2004 Jul 9;305:248–51.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
White LE, Coppola DM, Fitzpatrick D. The contribution of sensory experience to the maturation of orientation selectivity in ferret visual cortex. Nature. 2001 Jun 28;411:1049–52.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Brown MG, Dokun AO, Heusel JW, et al. Vital involvement of a natural killer cell activation receptor in resistance to viral infection. Science. 2001 May 4;292:934–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Barnett JE, Johnson WB. Ethics Desk Reference for Counselors. Alexandria, VA, USA: American Counseling Association; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Pachler N. Mobile Learning: Structures, Agency, Practices. 1st ed. Bachmair B, Cook J, editors. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Silcox MT. Primate Taxonomy, Plesiadapiforms, and Approaches to Primate Origins. In: Ravosa MJ, Dagosto M, editors. PRIMATE ORIGINS: Adaptations and Evolution. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2007. p. 143–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hearing Science.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Graphene Light Detector Could Lead To Heat Vision Contact Lenses. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Intercity Passenger Rail: Decisions on the Future of Amtrak and Intercity Passenger Rail Are Approaching. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000 Sep. Report No.: T-RCED-00-277.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Lee D. Subjective strain, anger, and delinquency: Evidence from South Korea [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kanter J. Head of European Council Reappointed Over Protest. New York Times. 2017 Mar 9;A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hearing Science
ISSN (print)2083-389X
ISSN (online)2084-3127
Scope

Other styles