How to format your references using the Alergologia Polska- Polish Journal of Allergology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Alergologia Polska- Polish Journal of Allergology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sohn E. Screening: Diagnostic dilemma. Nature 2015;528:S120-2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dziak RP, Johnson HP. Hydrothermal systems. Stirring the oceanic incubator. Science 2002;296:1406–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sack L, Marañón T, Grubb PJ. Global allocation rules for patterns of biomass partitioning. Science 2002;296:1923.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Royer JR, Evans DJ, Oyarte L, Guo Q, Kapit E, Möbius ME, et al. High-speed tracking of rupture and clustering in freely falling granular streams. Nature 2009;459:1110–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rachev ST, Kim YS, Bianchi ML, Fabozzi FJ. Financial Models with Lévy Processes and Volatility Clustering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Ghosh A. Introduction to Micromechanisms and Microactuators. vol. 28. New Delhi: Springer India; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Harts W, Berkeley A, Filippa L, Ross J, Sofianos G, Tabb L, et al. Emergence of New Competition: Alternative Sources of Liquidity. In: Colaninno A, Byrne JA, Schwartz RA, editors. Competition in a Consolidating Environment, Boston, MA: Springer US; 2008, p. 53–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Alergologia Polska- Polish Journal of Allergology.

Blog post
Andrew D. Record High To Record Low: What On Earth Is Happening To Antarctica’s Sea Ice? IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Station: Contract Oversight and Performance Provisions for Major Work Packages. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Knudsen E. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder empowerment program: A grant project. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Goldstein J, Schweber N. Chokehold Complaints Are Focus of City Study. New York Times 2014:A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAlergologia Polska- Polish Journal of Allergology
ISSN (print)2353-3854

Other styles