How to format your references using the Journal of Theoretical and Applied Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Theoretical and Applied Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Diamond, J.: Anthropology. The astonishing micropygmies. Science. 306, 2047–2048 (2004)
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Li, X., Xu, J.: Meta-analysis of the association between dietary lycopene intake and ovarian cancer risk in postmenopausal women. Sci. Rep. 4, 4885 (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Brockmann, D., Hufnagel, L., Geisel, T.: The scaling laws of human travel. Nature. 439, 462–465 (2006)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Reddy, K.C., Andersen, E.C., Kruglyak, L., Kim, D.H.: A polymorphism in npr-1 is a behavioral determinant of pathogen susceptibility in C. elegans. Science. 323, 382–384 (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Lavagnini, I., Magno, F., Seraglia, R., Traldi, P.: Quantitative Applications of Mass Spectrometry. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2006)
An edited book
1.
Grzech, A., Borzemski, L., Świątek, J., Wilimowska, Z. eds: Information Systems Architecture and Technology: Proceedings of 36th International Conference on Information Systems Architecture and Technology – ISAT 2015 – Part II. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Hofer, T.S.: Probing Proton Transfer Reactions in Molecular Dynamics—A Crucial Prerequisite for QM/MM Simulations Using Dissociative Models. In: Rivail, J.-L., Ruiz-Lopez, M., and Assfeld, X. (eds.) Quantum Modeling of Complex Molecular Systems. pp. 115–134. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Theoretical and Applied Physics.

Blog post
1.
Fang, J.: Methane-Based Life Forms Could Exist On Titan, https://www.iflscience.com/space/template-methane-based-life-forms-titan/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office: Health Care: Home Care Experiences of Families With Chronically Ill Children. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1989)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Dickinson, S.: Best practices in integrating acquisitions, (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Gustines, G.G.: Bernie Wrightson, 68, a Comic Book Artist and Swamp Thing Creator, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Theoretical and Applied Physics
AbbreviationJ. Theor. Appl. Phys.
ISSN (print)1735-9325
ISSN (online)2251-7235
ScopePhysics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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