How to format your references using the Journal of Health Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Health Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Toomre, J., 2002. Solar physics. Order amidst turbulence. Science 296, 64–65.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hudson, K.L., Collins, F.S., 2013. Biospecimen policy: Family matters. Nature 500, 141–142.
A journal article with 3 authors
Werner, S.L., Barken, D., Hoffmann, A., 2005. Stimulus specificity of gene expression programs determined by temporal control of IKK activity. Science 309, 1857–1861.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bocquet, N., Prado de Carvalho, L., Cartaud, J., Neyton, J., Le Poupon, C., Taly, A., Grutter, T., Changeux, J.-P., Corringer, P.-J., 2007. A prokaryotic proton-gated ion channel from the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor family. Nature 445, 116–119.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cofnas, A., 2011. Trading Binary Options. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kotthoff, H.-G., Klerides, E. (Eds.), 2015. Governing Educational Spaces: Knowledge, Teaching, and Learning in Transition, CESE. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
El Rayes, T., Catena, R., Rafii, S., Altorki, N., Mittal, V., 2015. Inflammation and Lung Cancer: The Link to Angiogenesis, in: Dubinett, S.M. (Ed.), Inflammation and Lung Cancer. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 137–159.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Health Economics.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. What Causes These “Sailing Stones” To Move? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1984. NASA’s Requirement for a Single Solid Rocket Refurbishment and Assembly Facility at Kennedy Space Center (No. NSIAD-84-124). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brooks, B.M., 2017. Applying Andragogical Principles to Real-Time Embedded Parental Coaching When Helping Their Children with Hearing Loss to Talk (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barnes, B., Koblin, J., 2017. Disney Runs Toward Streaming. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Toomre, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Hudson and Collins, 2013; Toomre, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hudson and Collins, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Bocquet et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Health Economics
AbbreviationJ. Health Econ.
ISSN (print)0167-6296
ScopeHealth Policy
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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