How to format your references using the Journal of Health Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Health Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hedrick, P.W., 2004. Comment on “Parasite selection for immunogenetic optimality.” Science 303, 957; author reply 957.
A journal article with 2 authors
Symington, L.S., Holloman, W.K., 2004. Molecular biology. New Year’s resolution--resolving resolvases. Science 303, 184–185.
A journal article with 3 authors
Culley, A.I., Lang, A.S., Suttle, C.A., 2003. High diversity of unknown picorna-like viruses in the sea. Nature 424, 1054–1057.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Takayama, T., Yaresko, A., Matsumoto, A., Nuss, J., Ishii, K., Yoshida, M., Mizuki, J., Takagi, H., 2014. Spin-orbit coupling induced semi-metallic state in the 1/3 hole-doped hyper-kagome Na3Ir3O8. Sci. Rep. 4, 6818.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schwartz, R.A., Carew, M.G., Maksimenko, T., 2010. Micro Markets Workbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Antoniadis, I., Ghilencea, D. (Eds.), 2014. Supersymmetry After the Higgs Discovery. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Mähne, T., Vachoux, A., 2007. ModelLib: A Web-Based Platform for Collecting Behavioural Models and Supporting the Design of AMS Systems, in: Huss, S.A. (Ed.), Advances in Design and Specification Languages for Embedded Systems: Selected Contributions from FDL’06. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 69–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Health Economics.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Vets Call For Ban On Using Homeopathy To Treat Animals [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. Transportation Security Administration: Actions and Plans to Build a Results-Oriented Culture (No. GAO-03-190). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thomack, A., 2017. Random Harmonic Polynomials (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M.J., 2017. SoftBank Leads Big Stake In Virtual-Reality Designer. New York Times B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hedrick, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Hedrick, 2004; Symington and Holloman, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Symington and Holloman, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Takayama et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Health Economics
AbbreviationJ. Health Econ.
ISSN (print)0167-6296
ScopeHealth Policy
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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