How to format your references using the Journal of Health Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Health Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pochan, D.J., 2012. Materials science. Approaching asymmetry and versatility in polymer assembly. Science 337, 530–531.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wilhite, A.W., Fong, E.A., 2012. Scientific publications. Coercive citation in academic publishing. Science 335, 542–543.
A journal article with 3 authors
He, Y., Xue, G.-H., Fu, J.-Z., 2014. Fabrication of low cost soft tissue prostheses with the desktop 3D printer. Sci. Rep. 4, 6973.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Müller-Navarra, D.C., Brett, M.T., Liston, A.M., Goldman, C.R., 2000. A highly unsaturated fatty acid predicts carbon transfer between primary producers and consumers. Nature 403, 74–77.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Leuf, B., 2006. The Semantic Web. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Ebert, A., Dix, A., Gershon, N.D., Pohl, M. (Eds.), 2011. Human Aspects of Visualization: Second IFIP WG 13.7 Workshop on Human-Computer Interaction and Visualization, HCIV (INTERACT) 2009, Uppsala, Sweden, August 24, 2009, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Brandolini, A., Casadio, P., Cipollone, P., Magnani, M., Rosolia, A., Torrini, R., 2007. Employment Growth in Italy in the 1990s: Institutional Arrangements and Market Forces, in: Acocella, N., Leoni, R. (Eds.), Social Pacts, Employment and Growth: A Reappraisal of Ezio Tarantelli’s Thought, AIEL Series in Labour Economics. Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg, pp. 31–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Health Economics.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Gravitational Wave Observatory In Space Will See The Seed Of Supermassive Black Holes [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Postsecondary Education: Financial Trends in Public and Private Nonprofit Institutions (No. GAO-12-179). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shlapak, A., 2013. Mental health of foster youth in Ventura County (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S., 2016. Where Paintings Have Overtaken Pixels. New York Times CT9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pochan, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Pochan, 2012; Wilhite and Fong, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wilhite and Fong, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Müller-Navarra et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Health Economics
AbbreviationJ. Health Econ.
ISSN (print)0167-6296
ScopeHealth Policy
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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