How to format your references using the Journal of Health Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Health Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2004. Granting longevity. Nature 430, 947.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nesbit, J., Bradford, M., 2007. 2007 visualization challenge. Science 317, 1857.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lu, Y., Wang, W., Kirschner, M.W., 2015. Specificity of the anaphase-promoting complex: a single-molecule study. Science 348, 1248737.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rozan, T.F., Lassman, M.E., Ridge, D.P., Luther, G.W., 3rd, 2000. Evidence for iron, copper and zinc complexation as multinuclear sulphide clusters in oxic rivers. Nature 406, 879–882.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson, T.J., 2015. The Value of Debt in Retirement. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Wachter, A., 2006. Compendium of Theoretical Physics. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Panasyuk, V.V., Marukha, V.I., Sylovanyuk, V.P., 2014. Injection Materials: Technological, Mechanical, and Service Characteristics, in: Marukha, V.I., Sylovanyuk, V.P. (Eds.), Injection Technologies for the Repair of Damaged Concrete Structures. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 97–114.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Health Economics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. Scientists Manage To Store Data Using Single Atoms [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982. Patent and Trademark Amendments of 1980 Set the Stage for Uniform Patent Practice by Federal Agencies (No. PAD-82-32). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Benson, M.K., 2010. Joint -service integration: An organizational culture study of the United States Department of Defense voluntary education system (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2012. A Town That Backed a Failed Project Refuses to Pay. New York Times B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Nesbit and Bradford, 2007; Smaglik, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nesbit and Bradford, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Rozan et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Health Economics
AbbreviationJ. Health Econ.
ISSN (print)0167-6296
ScopeHealth Policy
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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