How to format your references using the East European Politics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for East European Politics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Markham, John. 2014. “Rare Species Occupy Uncommon Niches.” Scientific Reports 4 (August): 6012.
A journal article with 2 authors
Madix, Robert J., and Cynthia M. Friend. 2011. “Interfacial Chemistry: Gold’s Enigmatic Surface.” Nature 479 (7374): 482–483.
A journal article with 3 authors
Afek, Itai, Oron Ambar, and Yaron Silberberg. 2010. “High-NOON States by Mixing Quantum and Classical Light.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 328 (5980): 879–881.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Hunt, Dana E., Lawrence A. David, Dirk Gevers, Sarah P. Preheim, Eric J. Alm, and Martin F. Polz. 2008. “Resource Partitioning and Sympatric Differentiation among Closely Related Bacterioplankton.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 320 (5879): 1081–1085.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Beiser, Leo. 2005. Unified Optical Scanning Technology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tidona, Christian, and Gholamreza Darai, eds. 2011. The Springer Index of Viruses. 2nd ed. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Teot, Luc, Sami Otman, Antonio Brancati, and Rainer Mittermayr. 2012. “Burn Scar Treatment.” In Handbook of Burns: Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Volume 2, edited by Lars-Peter Kamolz, Marc G. Jeschke, Raymund E. Horch, Markus Küntscher, and Pavel Brychta, 55–67. Vienna: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for East European Politics.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2016. “City Lizards Evolved Stickier Feet, Longer Legs.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Telecommunications: 1991 Survey of Cable Television Rates and Services. T-RCED-91-82. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilson, Brian Ray. 2009. “A Correlational Study: Parental Involvement to Student Achievement in Public Education.” Doctoral dissertation, St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, Ben. 2016. “Helping Hands for Damaged Limbs.” New York Times, September 15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Markham 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Markham 2014; Madix and Friend 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Madix and Friend 2011)
  • Three authors: (Afek, Ambar, and Silberberg 2010)
  • 4 or more authors: (Hunt et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleEast European Politics
AbbreviationEast Eur. Polit.
ISSN (print)2159-9165
ISSN (online)2159-9173
Geography, Planning and Development
Political Science and International Relations

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