How to format your references using the East European Politics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for East European Politics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Egues, J. Carlos. 2005. “Physics. Fingerprinting Spin Qubits.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 309 (5734): 565–567.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hochberg, Yael V., and Daniel C. Fehder. 2015. “ENTREPRENEURSHIP. Accelerators and Ecosystems.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 348 (6240): 1202–1203.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moree, Melinda, Sarah Ewart, and Carter Diggs. 2004. “Strength in Unity.” Nature 430 (7002): 938–939.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lagos-Quintana, M., R. Rauhut, W. Lendeckel, and T. Tuschl. 2001. “Identification of Novel Genes Coding for Small Expressed RNAs.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 294 (5543): 853–858.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang, Limin, Ming Peng, Dongsheng Chang, and Yao Xu. 2016. Dam Failure Mechanisms and Risk Assessment. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Corrêa, Guilherme. 2016. Complexity-Aware High Efficiency Video Coding. Edited by Pedro Assunção, Luciano Agostini, and Luis A. da Silva Cruz. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Baquero Cruz, Julio. 2011. “The Case Law of the European Court of Justice on the Mobility of Patients: An Assessment.” In Health Care and EU Law, edited by Johan Willem van de Gronden, Erika Szyszczak, Ulla Neergaard, and Markus Krajewski, 79–102. The Hague, The Netherlands: T. M. C. Asser Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for East European Politics.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2017. “Did Ancient Humans Help Create The Sahara Desert?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Study of Guaranteed Student Loan Bankruptcy. HRD-77-80. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pikiewicz, Kristi Ann. 2012. “I Never Knew I Had Expectations until I Realized They Weren’t Going to Come True: A Grounded Theory Study of Mothering a Chronically Ill Child.” Doctoral dissertation, Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, George Gene. 2017. “George Takei’s Life, as a Graphic Novel.” New York Times, March 31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Egues 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Egues 2005; Hochberg and Fehder 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hochberg and Fehder 2015)
  • Three authors: (Moree, Ewart, and Diggs 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Lagos-Quintana et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleEast European Politics
AbbreviationEast Eur. Polit.
ISSN (print)2159-9165
ISSN (online)2159-9173
Geography, Planning and Development
Political Science and International Relations

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