How to format your references using the East European Politics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for East European Politics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Asplund, Martin. 2008. “Astronomy. The Shining Make-up of Our Star.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 322 (5898): 51–52.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fisher, Charles R., and Peter Girguis. 2007. “Microbiology. A Proteomic Snapshot of Life at a Vent.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 315 (5809): 198–199.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hagan, Christine L., Seokhee Kim, and Daniel Kahne. 2010. “Reconstitution of Outer Membrane Protein Assembly from Purified Components.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 328 (5980): 890–892.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Villegas, J. E., Sergey Savel’ev, Franco Nori, E. M. Gonzalez, J. V. Anguita, R. García, and J. L. Vicent. 2003. “A Superconducting Reversible Rectifier That Controls the Motion of Magnetic Flux Quanta.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 302 (5648): 1188–1191.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vignes, Alain. 2013. Extractive Metallurgy 2. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Renneberg, Reinhard, and Fred Lisdat, eds. 2008. Biosensing for the 21st Century. Vol. 109. Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Simon, Hans Ulrich. 2006. “Spectral Norm in Learning Theory: Some Selected Topics.” In Algorithmic Learning Theory: 17th International Conference, ALT 2006, Barcelona, Spain, October 7-10, 2006. Proceedings, edited by José L. Balcázar, Philip M. Long, and Frank Stephan, 13–27. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for East European Politics.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2017. “Evidence Of An Ancient Mega-Flood On Mars.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Business Continuity and Contingency Planning (Exposure Draft) (Superseded by AIMD-10.1.19). AIMD-10.1.19. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Strand, Karen. 2014. “Applying Public Relations Theory to Assess Service-Learning Relationships.” Doctoral dissertation, Tampa, FL: University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, Mary Williams. 2016. “With Suit, Hedge Funds Seek to Freeze the Assets of a Top Puerto Rico Bank.” New York Times, April 5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Asplund 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Asplund 2008; Fisher and Girguis 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fisher and Girguis 2007)
  • Three authors: (Hagan, Kim, and Kahne 2010)
  • 4 or more authors: (Villegas et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleEast European Politics
AbbreviationEast Eur. Polit.
ISSN (print)2159-9165
ISSN (online)2159-9173
Geography, Planning and Development
Political Science and International Relations

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