How to format your references using the East European Politics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for East European Politics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nittler, Larry R. 2004. “Astronomy. Nuclear Fossils in Stardust.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 303 (5658): 636–637.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bader, Joel S., and John Chant. 2006. “Systems Biology. When Proteomes Collide.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 311 (5758): 187–188.
A journal article with 3 authors
LeCun, Yann, Yoshua Bengio, and Geoffrey Hinton. 2015. “Deep Learning.” Nature 521 (7553): 436–444.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Michaloglou, Chrysiis, Liesbeth C. W. Vredeveld, Maria S. Soengas, Christophe Denoyelle, Thomas Kuilman, Chantal M. A. M. van der Horst, Donné M. Majoor, Jerry W. Shay, Wolter J. Mooi, and Daniel S. Peeper. 2005. “BRAFE600-Associated Senescence-like Cell Cycle Arrest of Human Naevi.” Nature 436 (7051): 720–724.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scot, Laurence. 2010. The Simplified Guide to Not-for-Profit Accounting, Formation, and Reporting. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dutta, Rudra, Ahmed E. Kamal, and George N. Rouskas, eds. 2008. Traffic Grooming for Optical Networks: Foundations, Techniques, and Frontiers. Optical Networks. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Aiba, Shin-Ichiro. 2016. “Vegetation Zonation and Conifer Dominance Along Latitudinal and Altitudinal Gradients in Humid Regions of the Western Pacific.” In Structure and Function of Mountain Ecosystems in Japan: Biodiversity and Vulnerability to Climate Change, edited by Gaku Kudo, 89–114. Ecological Research Monographs. Tokyo: Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for East European Politics.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2017. “White Bread Is Healthier For Some People Than Whole Grain.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Airline Deregulation: Trends in Airfares at Airports in Small and Medium-Sized Communities. RCED-91-13. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Horvath, Christopher P. 2012. “Comparison of Waste Heat Driven and Electrically Driven Cooling Systems for a High Ambient Temperature, off-Grid Application.” Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, Mary J. O. 2010. “What’s Left Behind.” New York Times, August 22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nittler 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Nittler 2004; Bader and Chant 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bader and Chant 2006)
  • Three authors: (LeCun, Bengio, and Hinton 2015)
  • 4 or more authors: (Michaloglou et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEast European Politics
AbbreviationEast Eur. Polit.
ISSN (print)2159-9165
ISSN (online)2159-9173
Geography, Planning and Development
Political Science and International Relations

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