How to format your references using the East European Politics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for East European Politics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lessler, Justin. 2014. “Immunology. Charting the Life-Course Epidemiology of Influenza.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 346 (6212): 919–920.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rees, Douglas C., and James B. Howard. 2003. “The Interface between the Biological and Inorganic Worlds: Iron-Sulfur Metalloclusters.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 300 (5621): 929–931.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tripati, Aradhna K., Christopher D. Roberts, and Robert A. Eagle. 2009. “Coupling of CO2 and Ice Sheet Stability over Major Climate Transitions of the Last 20 Million Years.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 326 (5958): 1394–1397.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wertz, Ingrid E., Saritha Kusam, Cynthia Lam, Toru Okamoto, Wendy Sandoval, Daniel J. Anderson, Elizabeth Helgason, et al. 2011. “Sensitivity to Antitubulin Chemotherapeutics Is Regulated by MCL1 and FBW7.” Nature 471 (7336): 110–114.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Duchon, Claude, and Robert Hale. 2012. Time Series Analysis in Meteorology and Climatology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Berkowitz, Samuel, ed. 2013. Cleft Lip and Palate: Diagnosis and Management. 3rd ed. 2013. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Djukić, Dušan, Vladimir Janković, Ivan Matić, and Nikola Petrović. 2011. “Solutions.” In The IMO Compendium: A Collection of Problems Suggested for The International Mathematical Olympiads: 1959-2009 Second Edition, edited by Vladimir Janković, Ivan Matić, and Nikola Petrović, 347–790. Problem Books in Mathematics. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for East European Politics.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2015. “This Is Not Yellow.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1982. Analysis of NASA’s Fiscal Year 1983 Budget Request for Research and Development To Determine the Amount That Supports DOD’s Programs. MASAD-82-33. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Forshey, Theresa Marie. 2013. “Neural Basis of the Neurological Diagnostic Power of Vibrotactile Sensory Testing.” Doctoral dissertation, Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda. 2006. “Antitrust Policy Ambiguity To Be on Justices’ Docket.” New York Times, December 8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lessler 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Lessler 2014; Rees and Howard 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rees and Howard 2003)
  • Three authors: (Tripati, Roberts, and Eagle 2009)
  • 4 or more authors: (Wertz et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleEast European Politics
AbbreviationEast Eur. Polit.
ISSN (print)2159-9165
ISSN (online)2159-9173
Geography, Planning and Development
Political Science and International Relations

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