How to format your references using the East European Politics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for East European Politics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lawler, A. 2000. “ASTROBIOLOGY: Ames’s Proposal for Lab Triggers Battle at NASA.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 289 (5476): 23a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gamerdinger, Martin, and Elke Deuerling. 2014. “Biochemistry. Trigger Factor Flexibility.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 344 (6184): 590–591.
A journal article with 3 authors
King, Jean-Rémi, Tristan Bekinschtein, and Stanislas Dehaene. 2011. “Comment on ‘Preserved Feedforward but Impaired Top-down Processes in the Vegetative State.’” Science (New York, N.Y.) 334 (6060): 1203; author reply 1203.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Alff, L., Y. Krockenberger, B. Welter, M. Schonecke, R. Gross, D. Manske, and M. Naito. 2003. “A Hidden Pseudogap under the ‘dome’ of Superconductivity in Electron-Doped High-Temperature Superconductors.” Nature 422 (6933): 698–701.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mansour, Mahmoud, Ray Wilhite, and Joe Rowe. 2017. Guide to Ruminant Anatomy. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Geffert, Viliam, Juhani Karhumäki, Alberto Bertoni, Bart Preneel, Pavol Návrat, and Mária Bieliková, eds. 2008. SOFSEM 2008: Theory and Practice of Computer Science: 34th Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science, Nový Smokovec, Slovakia, January 19-25, 2008. Proceedings. Vol. 4910. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rosenblum, Noah. 2016. “Rethinking the French Liberal Moment: Some Thoughts on the Heterogeneous Origins of Lefort and Gauchet’s Social Philosophy.” In In Search of the Liberal Moment: Democracy, Anti-Totalitarianism, and Intellectual Politics in France since 1950, edited by Stephen W. Sawyer and Iain Stewart, 61–83. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for East European Politics.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2014. “Watch a Great White Attack a SharkCam.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1982. The Army’s Multiple Launch Rocket System Is Progressing Well and Merits Continued Support. MASAD-82-13. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miller, Nicole Y. 2017. “Nutrition Education Series for Female Club Soccer Players 14 to 18 Years of Age.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gurley, George. 2013. “Bright Lights, Big City (Redux).” New York Times, March 3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lawler 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Lawler 2000; Gamerdinger and Deuerling 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gamerdinger and Deuerling 2014)
  • Three authors: (King, Bekinschtein, and Dehaene 2011)
  • 4 or more authors: (Alff et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleEast European Politics
AbbreviationEast Eur. Polit.
ISSN (print)2159-9165
ISSN (online)2159-9173
Geography, Planning and Development
Political Science and International Relations

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