How to format your references using the Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cohen MD. Economics. Learning with regret. Science 2008;319:1052–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fuller MT, Spradling AC. Male and female Drosophila germline stem cells: two versions of immortality. Science 2007;316:402–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chalifoux WA, Reznik SK, Leighton JL. Direct and highly regioselective and enantioselective allylation of β-diketones. Nature 2012;487:86–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bando H, Okado K, Guelbeogo WM, Badolo A, Aonuma H, Nelson B, et al. Intra-specific diversity of Serratia marcescens in Anopheles mosquito midgut defines Plasmodium transmission capacity. Sci Rep 2013;3:1641.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Holmes JD. Great Myths of Education and Learning. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
Rieber RW. Film, Television and the Psychology of the Social Dream. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Dempe S, Kalashnikov V, Pérez-Valdés GA, Kalashnykova N. Convex Bilevel Programs. In: Kalashnikov V, Pérez-Valdés GA, Kalashnykova N, editors. Bilevel Programming Problems: Theory, Algorithms and Applications to Energy Networks, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015, p. 117–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Could Dark Matter Actually Just Be Black Holes? IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Evaluating the Department of Education’s Field Readers: Were They Qualified? Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bornmann JW. Becoming soldiers: Army Basic Training and the negotiation of identity. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Hodara S. A Marriage of Visual Masters. New York Times 2014:WE11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
ISSN (print)2468-7847

Other styles