How to format your references using the Chromatographia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chromatographia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerp H (2002) Atmospheric CO2 from fossil plant cuticles. Nature 415:38
A journal article with 2 authors
Côté IM, Reynolds JD (2002) Conservation biology. Predictive ecology to the rescue? Science 298:1181–1182
A journal article with 3 authors
MacDonald MP, Spalding GC, Dholakia K (2003) Microfluidic sorting in an optical lattice. Nature 426:421–424
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Piškorec M, Antulov-Fantulin N, Novak PK, et al (2014) Cohesiveness in financial news and its relation to market volatility. Sci Rep 4:5038

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Troffaes MCM, Cooman G de (2014) Lower Previsions: Troffaes/Lower Previsions. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Lebow RN (2016) Richard Ned Lebow: Key Texts in Political Psychology and International Relations Theory. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Kindler S, Kreienkamp H-J (2012) The Role of the Postsynaptic Density in the Pathology of the Fragile X Syndrome. In: Denman RB (ed) Modeling Fragile X Syndrome. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 61–80

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chromatographia.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Iconic Kenyan Elephant Slain By Poachers. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981) Long-Range Planning Can Improve the Efficiency of Agricultural Research and Development. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Whitehead CF (2010) Teacher perceptions of the effects of parentification on social interactions in the school setting. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. Fleur N (2017) Rattled by Trump Policies, Scientists Take to Streets. New York Times A25

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChromatographia
ISSN (print)0009-5893
ISSN (online)1612-1112
Clinical Biochemistry
Analytical Chemistry
Organic Chemistry

Other styles