How to format your references using the Journal of Grid Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Grid Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Serrano, M.: Cancer: final act of senescence. Nature. 479, 481–482 (2011)
A journal article with 2 authors
Budd, G.E., Telford, M.J.: The origin and evolution of arthropods. Nature. 457, 812–817 (2009)
A journal article with 3 authors
Baldo, M.A., Thompson, M.E., Forrest, S.R.: High-efficiency fluorescent organic light-emitting devices using a phosphorescent sensitizer. Nature. 403, 750–753 (2000)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Organ, C.L., Janes, D.E., Meade, A., Pagel, M.: Genotypic sex determination enabled adaptive radiations of extinct marine reptiles. Nature. 461, 389–392 (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hewitt, A.: Construction Claims & Responses. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2016)
An edited book
Prade, H., Richard, G. eds: Computational Approaches to Analogical Reasoning: Current Trends. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Maruhn, J.A., Reinhard, P.-G., Suraud, E.: Approaches Based on Model Spaces. In: Reinhard, P.-G. and Suraud, E. (eds.) Simple Models of Many-Fermion Systems. pp. 93–116. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2010)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Grid Computing.

Blog post
Hamilton, K.: This Tool Sends You An Alert When Your Data Is Leaked Online,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Information Technology: Comments on Proposed OMB Guidance for Implementing the Government Paperwork Elimination Act. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1999)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pappenfus, B.J.: How frequency of change within organizations affects burnout of human resource professionals, (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L.: Advice to New Chief From the Lesser of Two Equals: Call Me Nino, (2005)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Grid Computing
AbbreviationJ. Grid Comput.
ISSN (print)1570-7873
ISSN (online)1572-9184
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Hardware and Architecture
Information Systems

Other styles