How to format your references using the Journal of Grid Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Grid Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weiss, B.P.: Planetary science. A vitrage of asteroid magnetism. Science. 338, 897–898 (2012)
A journal article with 2 authors
Jia, C.L., Urban, K.: Atomic-resolution measurement of oxygen concentration in oxide materials. Science. 303, 2001–2004 (2004)
A journal article with 3 authors
Nestle, F.O., Speidel, H., Speidel, M.O.: Metallurgy: high nickel release from 1- and 2-euro coins. Nature. 419, 132 (2002)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, Y., Xie, Y., Wei, P., King, R.B., Schaefer, H.F., 3rd, von R Schleyer, P., Robinson, G.H.: A stable silicon(0) compound with a Si=Si double bond. Science. 321, 1069–1071 (2008)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Killops, S., Killops, V.: Introduction to Organic Geochemistry. Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Malden, MA USA (2004)
An edited book
Rhodes, B.: Foundations of Python Network Programming: Third Edition. Apress, Berkeley, CA (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Rosenkrantz, D.J., Stearns, R.E., Lewis, P.M.: Consistency and serializability in concurrent database systems. In: Ravi, S.S. and Shukla, S.K. (eds.) Fundamental Problems in Computing: Essays in Honor of Professor Daniel J. Rosenkrantz. pp. 99–132. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2009)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Grid Computing.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J.: Does Your First Name Dictate What You Look Like?,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Reports Issued in October 1987. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1987)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Frieberg, A.: The Project of Reconciliation: Journalists and religious activists in Polish -German relations, 1956–1972, (2008)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Landler, M., Gordon, M.R.: President Cedes Afghan Strategy To the Pentagon, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Grid Computing
AbbreviationJ. Grid Comput.
ISSN (print)1570-7873
ISSN (online)1572-9184
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Hardware and Architecture
Information Systems

Other styles