How to format your references using the Journal of Grid Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Grid Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C.: Scottish science is ready to go it alone. Nature. 493, 579 (2013)
A journal article with 2 authors
Taylor, J.R., Stocker, R.: Trade-offs of chemotactic foraging in turbulent water. Science. 338, 675–679 (2012)
A journal article with 3 authors
Hansen, S.B., Tao, X., MacKinnon, R.: Structural basis of PIP2 activation of the classical inward rectifier K+ channel Kir2.2. Nature. 477, 495–498 (2011)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Loh, S.-L., Teh, C., Muller, J., Guccione, E., Hong, W., Korzh, V.: Zebrafish yap1 plays a role in differentiation of hair cells in posterior lateral line. Sci. Rep. 4, 4289 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cruz, M.G., Peters, G.W., Shevchenko, P.V.: Fundamental Aspects of Operational Risk and Insurance Analytics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ (2015)
An edited book
Grehn, F., Stamper, R. eds: Glaucoma. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2006)
A chapter in an edited book
Rhee, D.J., Colby, K.A., Sobrin, L., Rapuano, C.J.: Anti-Glaucoma Agents. In: Colby, K.A., Sobrin, L., and Rapuano, C.J. (eds.) Ophthalmologic Drug Guide. pp. 53–64. Springer, New York, NY (2011)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Grid Computing.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: John Nash: A Beautiful Mind And Its Exquisite Mathematics


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Activities of the Economic Opportunities Development Corporation of San Antonio and Bexar County, Texas. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1978)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davis, J.A.: Demobilizing the Minors: Examining Compliance with International Child Soldiering Laws, (2011)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rojas, R.: Woman Is Fatally Shot Outside a Club, (2015)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Grid Computing
AbbreviationJ. Grid Comput.
ISSN (print)1570-7873
ISSN (online)1572-9184
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Hardware and Architecture
Information Systems

Other styles