How to format your references using the Journal of Grid Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Grid Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grayson, M.: Traditional Asian medicine. Nature. 480, S81 (2011)
A journal article with 2 authors
Razzell, W., Martin, P.: Cell biology. Embryonic clutch control. Science. 335, 1181–1182 (2012)
A journal article with 3 authors
Kulathinal, R.J., Bettencourt, B.R., Hartl, D.L.: Compensated deleterious mutations in insect genomes. Science. 306, 1553–1554 (2004)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee, C., Hong, B., Choi, J.M., Kim, Y., Watanabe, S., Ishimi, Y., Enomoto, T., Tada, S., Kim, Y., Cho, Y.: Structural basis for inhibition of the replication licensing factor Cdt1 by geminin. Nature. 430, 913–917 (2004)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ambachtsheer, K.P.: The Future of Pension Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ (2016)
An edited book
Proulx, T. ed: Structural Dynamics and Renewable Energy, Volume 1: Proceedings of the 28th IMAC, A Conference on Structural Dynamics, 2010. Springer, New York, NY (2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Polizzotto, K., Landman, N.H., Klug, C.: Cameral Membranes, Pseudosutures, and Other Soft Tissue Imprints in Ammonoid Shells. In: Klug, C., Korn, D., De Baets, K., Kruta, I., and Mapes, R.H. (eds.) Ammonoid Paleobiology: From anatomy to ecology. pp. 91–109. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Grid Computing.

Blog post
Hamilton, K.: A Hen Laid A Giant Egg With Something Pretty Strange Inside,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Customs Modernization. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1997)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Churney, K.: Drawing and multimodality communication training as an effective treatment option for individuals with nonfluent aphasia, (2014)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J.: Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgeman, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Grid Computing
AbbreviationJ. Grid Comput.
ISSN (print)1570-7873
ISSN (online)1572-9184
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Hardware and Architecture
Information Systems

Other styles