How to format your references using the Annual Review of Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rubinsztein DC. 2015. Cell biology: Receptors for selective recycling. Nature. 522(7556):291–92
A journal article with 2 authors
Lin S-C, van Keken PE. 2005. Multiple volcanic episodes of flood basalts caused by thermochemical mantle plumes. Nature. 436(7048):250–52
A journal article with 3 authors
Grirrane A, Corma A, García H. 2008. Gold-catalyzed synthesis of aromatic azo compounds from anilines and nitroaromatics. Science. 322(5908):1661–64
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bessereau JL, Wright A, Williams DC, Schuske K, Davis MW, Jorgensen EM. 2001. Mobilization of a Drosophila transposon in the Caenorhabditis elegans germ line. Nature. 413(6851):70–74

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Akers RM. 2016. Lactation and the Mammary Gland. Ames, Iowa: Blackwell Publishing Company
An edited book
Kono M. 2010. Nonlinear Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 62. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. XVIII, 534 p. 175 illus., 10 illus. in color pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Yamamoto K. 2008. Municipal Solid Waste Management for a Sustainable Society. In Urban Environmental Management and Technology, ed K Hanaki, pp. 91–105. Tokyo: Springer Japan

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Physiology.

Blog post
Andrews R. 2016. Chimpanzees That Travel Long Distances Are More Adept Tool Users. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Small Business Administration: Better Planning and Controls Needed for Information Systems. AIMD-97-94, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tang D. 2009. Event detection in sensor networks. Doctoral dissertation thesis. George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. 2017. Bullpen Wastes a Sparkling Performance by deGrom. New York Times, April 16, p. SP3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Physiology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Physiol.
ISSN (print)0066-4278
ISSN (online)1545-1585

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