How to format your references using the Annual Review of Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Williams R. 2011. Biomarkers: warning signs. Nature. 475(7355):S5-7
A journal article with 2 authors
Martin LB, Coon CAC. 2010. Immunology. Infection protection and natural selection. Science. 330(6004):602–3
A journal article with 3 authors
Wessling M, Morcillo LG, Abdu S. 2014. Nanometer-thick lateral polyelectrolyte micropatterns induce macrosopic electro-osmotic chaotic fluid instabilities. Sci. Rep. 4:4294
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Senthilnathan J, Liu Y-F, Rao KS, Yoshimura M. 2014. Submerged liquid plasma for the synchronized reduction and functionalization of graphene oxide. Sci. Rep. 4:4395

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Terré M, Pischella M, Vivier E. 2013. Wireless Telecommunication Systems. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Fritsch M, Schmude J, eds. 2006. Entrepreneurship in the Region, Vol. 14. Boston, MA: Springer US. XI, 274 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Lenaerts T, Defaweux A. 2009. Solving Hierarchically Decomposable Problems with the Evolutionary Transition Algorithm. In Natural Intelligence for Scheduling, Planning and Packing Problems, ed R Chiong, S Dhakal, pp. 111–43. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Physiology.

Blog post
Evans K. 2016. Here’s The Easiest Way To Undo The Harms Of Sitting All Day. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Commercial Aviation: Initial Small Community Air Service Development Projects Have Achieved Mixed Results. GAO-06-21, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Choubey L. 2015. Quantitative Assessment of Fgfr1 Expression in Neurons and Glia of the Developing Mouse Brain. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. 2011. Suddenly, Jeter’s Not Fine. New York Times, June 15, p. B14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Physiology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Physiol.
ISSN (print)0066-4278
ISSN (online)1545-1585

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