How to format your references using the Annual Review of Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lucchitta I. 2013. Comment on “Apatite 4He/3He and (U-Th)/He evidence for an ancient Grand Canyon.” Science. 340(6129):143
A journal article with 2 authors
Shekhawat GS, Dravid VP. 2005. Nanoscale imaging of buried structures via scanning near-field ultrasound holography. Science. 310(5745):89–92
A journal article with 3 authors
Krieger MJ, Billeter JB, Keller L. 2000. Ant-like task allocation and recruitment in cooperative robots. Nature. 406(6799):992–95
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Klauk H, Zschieschang U, Pflaum J, Halik M. 2007. Ultralow-power organic complementary circuits. Nature. 445(7129):745–48

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tripathi N, Singh RS, Hills CD. 2016. Reclamation of Mine-Impacted Land for Ecosystem Recovery. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Sakama C, Sardina S, Vasconcelos W, Winikoff M, eds. 2012. Declarative Agent Languages and Technologies IX: 9th International Workshop, DALT 2011, Taipei, Taiwan, May 3, 2011, Revised Selected and Invited Papers, Vol. 7169. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. XII, 153 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Kawtrakul A, Yingsaeree C, Andres F. 2007. Semantic Tracking in Peer-to-Peer Topic Maps Management. In Databases in Networked Information Systems: 5th International Workshop, DNIS 2007, Aizu-Wakamatsu, Japan, October 17-19, 2007. Proceedings, ed S Bhalla, pp. 54–69. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. When Science Gets Ugly – The Story Of Philipp Lenard And Albert Einstein. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. Telecommunications: Issues Related to Competition and Subscriber Rates in the Cable Television Industry. GAO-04-8, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nam Y-H. 2008. On Throughput-Reliability-Delay Tradeoffs in Wireless Networks. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pols M. 2016. Apples of Contention. New York Times, April 24, p. BR11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Physiology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Physiol.
ISSN (print)0066-4278
ISSN (online)1545-1585

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