How to format your references using the Annual Review of Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Herrmann M. 2014. Plasma physics: A promising advance in nuclear fusion. Nature. 506(7488):302–3
A journal article with 2 authors
Nussenzweig MC, Mellman I. 2011. Ralph Steinman (1943-2011). Nature. 478(7370):460
A journal article with 3 authors
Brookmeyer R, Johnson E, Bollinger R. 2004. Public health vaccination policies for containing an anthrax outbreak. Nature. 432(7019):901–4
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Boon J-P, Casti J, Djerassi C, Johnson J, Lovett A, et al. 2006. A concrete example. Nature. 444(7115):122

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sharpe NF, Carter RF. 2005. Genetic Testing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Fan S, Fielding-Wells J, eds. 2016. What is Next in Educational Research? Rotterdam: SensePublishers. XIV, 364 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Love JC, Derrick SM, Wiersema JM. 2011. Fractures of the Vertebral Column, Sternum, Scapulae, and Clavicles. In Skeletal Atlas of Child Abuse, ed SM Derrick, JM Wiersema, pp. 57–67. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Physiology.

Blog post
Hamilton K. 2017. Watch Live As A Giraffe Gives Birth On Camera. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. Aviation Safety: Improved Data Quality and Analysis Capabilities Are Needed as FAA Plans a Risk-Based Approach to Safety Oversight. GAO-10-414, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Louviere EC. 2017. Bonds Behind Bars: The Impact of Program Participation on Interpersonal Inmate Connections in Louisiana State Penitentiary. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. 2012. Wing-Suited Stuntman Executes a Super-Hero Plunge. New York Times, May 24, p. B11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Physiology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Physiol.
ISSN (print)0066-4278
ISSN (online)1545-1585

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