How to format your references using the Annual Review of Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nurse P. 2008. Life, logic and information. Nature. 454(7203):424–26
A journal article with 2 authors
Qu S-W, Nie Z-P. 2013. Plasmonic nanopatch array for optical integrated circuit applications. Sci. Rep. 3:3172
A journal article with 3 authors
Pertsinidis A, Zhang Y, Chu S. 2010. Subnanometre single-molecule localization, registration and distance measurements. Nature. 466(7306):647–51
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Syassen N, Bauer DM, Lettner M, Volz T, Dietze D, et al. 2008. Strong dissipation inhibits losses and induces correlations in cold molecular gases. Science. 320(5881):1329–31

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bejan A. 2016. Advanced Engineering Thermodynamics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sinagra G, Mestroni L, Camerini F, eds. 2013. Genetic Cardiomyopathies: A Clinical Approach. Milano: Springer. XI, 166 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Lee C, Park M, Lee J, Joe I. 2012. Design and Implementation of Packet Analyzer for IEC 61850 Communication Networks in Smart Grid. In Computer Applications for Communication, Networking, and Digital Contents: International Conferences, FGCN and DCA 2012, Held as Part of the Future Generation Information Technology Conference, FGIT 2012, Gangneug, Korea, December 16-19, 2012. Proceedings, ed T-H Kim, D-S Ko, T Vasilakos, A Stoica, J Abawajy, pp. 33–40. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Physiology.

Blog post
Hamilton K. 2017. Robots And AI Could Soon Have Feelings, Hopes And Rights… We Must Prepare For The Reckoning. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. Telecommunications: Information Collection and Management at the Federal Communications Commission. GAO-10-249, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beaven L. 2014. Epiphanies of soul: “When the bolts of the universe fly open.” A depth psychological contemplation of wonder. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. 2006. Justices Hear Arguments On Late-Term Abortion. New York Times, Nov. 9, p. A25

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Physiology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Physiol.
ISSN (print)0066-4278
ISSN (online)1545-1585

Other styles