How to format your references using the Annual Review of Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoag H. 2005. Ontario. Nature. 434(7033):676–77
A journal article with 2 authors
Smaglik P, Smith A. 2002. A route to flexible working. Nature. 415(6872):4–6
A journal article with 3 authors
Ben-Yehuda S, Rudner DZ, Losick R. 2003. RacA, a bacterial protein that anchors chromosomes to the cell poles. Science. 299(5606):532–36
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Collins S, Ruina A, Tedrake R, Wisse M. 2005. Efficient bipedal robots based on passive-dynamic walkers. Science. 307(5712):1082–85

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Parke RD. 2013. Future Families. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons
An edited book
Duclos J-Y. 2006. Poverty and Equity: Measurement, Policy and Estimation with DAD, Vol. 2. Boston, MA: Springer US. XXII, 394 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Zaki MH, Hasan O, Tahar S, Al-Sammane G. 2015. Framework for Formally Verifying Analog and Mixed-Signal Designs. In Computational Intelligence in Analog and Mixed-Signal (AMS) and Radio-Frequency (RF) Circuit Design, ed M Fakhfakh, E Tlelo-Cuautle, P Siarry, pp. 115–45. Cham: Springer International Publishing

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Physiology.

Blog post
Luntz S. 2015. Creationist Makes Significant Fossil Discovery And Won’t Accept That It’s 60 Million Years Old. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1983. Status of Trident and SSN-688 Submarine Construction. MASAD-83-10, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wright JL. 2015. Shade Tolerance and Physiological Response to Light Regime of the Invasive Species Lonicera maackii (Amur honeysuckle). Doctoral dissertation thesis. Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S. 2015. Art Appreciation 101: Take a Nap. New York Times, Aug. 23, p. CT9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Physiology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Physiol.
ISSN (print)0066-4278
ISSN (online)1545-1585

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