How to format your references using the Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Middelburg, J. J. (2015). Oceanography. Escape by dilution. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6232), 290.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yu, H. K., & Lee, J.-L. (2014). Growth mechanism of metal-oxide nanowires synthesized by electron beam evaporation: a self-catalytic vapor-liquid-solid process. Scientific reports, 4, 6589.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sigman, D. M., Hain, M. P., & Haug, G. H. (2010). The polar ocean and glacial cycles in atmospheric CO(2) concentration. Nature, 466(7302), 47–55.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yoo, Y. K., Duewer, F., Yang, H., Yi, D., Li, J. W., & Xiang, X. D. (2000). Room-temperature electronic phase transitions in the continuous phase diagrams of perovskite manganites. Nature, 406(6797), 704–708.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wind, Y. J., & Hays, C. F. (2015). Beyond Advertising. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hilten, B. van, & Nuttin, B. (Eds.). (2007). Proceedings of the Medtronic Forum for Neuroscience and Neuro-Technology 2005. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Grothaus, M., & Sadun, E. (2012). Connecting to the Internet. In E. Sadun (Ed.), Taking Your iPad to the Max, iOS 5 Edition (pp. 119–135). Berkeley, CA: Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, June 5). Scientists Successfully Destroy Cancer With Nanobubbles. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Federal Air Marshal Service: Actions Taken to Fulfill Core Mission and Address Workforce Issues (No. GAO-09-903T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Takele, T. (2003). Confinement Mechanisms in Quantum Chromodynamics (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2016, October 15). Puerto Rico Said to Face ‘Death Spiral’ Over Debt. New York Times, p. B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Middelburg 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Middelburg 2015; Yu and Lee 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yu and Lee 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Yoo et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Global Entrepreneurship Research
AbbreviationJ. Glob. Entrep.. Res.
ISSN (print)2228-7566
ISSN (online)2251-7316

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