How to format your references using the Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2005). In the picture. Nature, 434(7030), 251.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ryan, K. K., & Seeley, R. J. (2013). Physiology. Food as a hormone. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6122), 918–919.
A journal article with 3 authors
Spéder, P., Adám, G., & Noselli, S. (2006). Type ID unconventional myosin controls left-right asymmetry in Drosophila. Nature, 440(7085), 803–807.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chen, J., Wang, F., Huang, Q., Hu, L., Song, X., Deng, J., et al. (2013). Effectively control negative thermal expansion of single-phase ferroelectrics of PbTiO3-(Bi,La)FeO3 over a giant range. Scientific reports, 3, 2458.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heimer, T., & Werner, M. (2004). Die Zukunft der Mikrosystemtechnik. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Amossé, T., Bryson, A., Forth, J., & Petit, H. (Eds.). (2016). Comparative Workplace Employment Relations: An Analysis of Practice in Britain and France. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Roller, K. (2016). Corporate Mobility: When and Why Does it Become a Burden? In G. Wulfhorst & S. Klug (Eds.), Sustainable Mobility in Metropolitan Regions: Insights from Interdisciplinary Research for Practice Application (pp. 65–82). Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, September 23). Cosmic Inflation Claims Take a Hit. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). National Assessment Technical Quality (No. PEMD-92-22R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Parker, E. C. (2010). Perceptions of youth with diabetes and their parents/guardians about youth eating habits and nutrition-related difficulties (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dorman, J. L. (2017, August 18). From Small Plates, Inspiration Goes Beyond the Local Scene. New York Times, p. TR9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Ryan and Seeley 2013; Smaglik 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ryan and Seeley 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Global Entrepreneurship Research
AbbreviationJ. Glob. Entrep.. Res.
ISSN (print)2228-7566
ISSN (online)2251-7316

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