How to format your references using the Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ashley-Ross, M. A. (2015). BIOMECHANICS. When it’s hip to be square. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6243), 30–31.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, M. C. S., & Schekman, R. (2004). Cell biology. BAR domains go on a bender. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5657), 479–480.
A journal article with 3 authors
Santos, M. D., Dorogovtsev, S. N., & Mendes, J. F. F. (2014). Biased imitation in coupled evolutionary games in interdependent networks. Scientific reports, 4, 4436.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Liu, Z., Sun, C., Olejniczak, E. T., Meadows, R. P., Betz, S. F., Oost, T., et al. (2000). Structural basis for binding of Smac/DIABLO to the XIAP BIR3 domain. Nature, 408(6815), 1004–1008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tasman, A., Kay, J., & Ursano, R. J. (2013). The Psychiatric Interview. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons.
An edited book
Kreiner, C., O’Connor, R. V., Poth, A., & Messnarz, R. (Eds.). (2016). Systems, Software and Services Process Improvement: 23rd European Conference, EuroSPI 2016, Graz, Austria, September 14-16, 2016, Proceedings (Vol. 633). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Van Dyke Parunak, H., Brueckner, S., Downs, E. A., & Sappelsa, L. (2013). Swarming Estimation of Realistic Mental Models. In F. Giardini & F. Amblard (Eds.), Multi-Agent-Based Simulation XIII: International Workshop, MABS 2012, Valencia, Spain, June 4-8, 2012, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 43–55). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, May 1). Watch What Happens When A Cat Tries To Eat A Live Octopus. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Technology Transfer: DOE Has Fewer Partnerships, and They Rely More on Private Funding (No. GAO-01-568). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Karriem, K. L. (2010). The relationship between stress and emotional intelligence among direct-care workers (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. (2015, April 10). Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of The New York Times. New York Times, p. C29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ashley-Ross 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Ashley-Ross 2015; Lee and Schekman 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee and Schekman 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Global Entrepreneurship Research
AbbreviationJ. Glob. Entrep.. Res.
ISSN (print)2228-7566
ISSN (online)2251-7316

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