How to format your references using the Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zewail, A. H. (2001). Science for the have-nots. Nature, 410(6830), 741.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sander, P. M., & Clauss, M. (2008). Paleontology. Sauropod gigantism. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5899), 200–201.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lonsdorf, E. V., Eberly, L. E., & Pusey, A. E. (2004). Sex differences in learning in chimpanzees. Nature, 428(6984), 715–716.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ji, Q., Luo, Z.-X., Zhang, X., Yuan, C.-X., & Xu, L. (2009). Evolutionary development of the middle ear in Mesozoic therian mammals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5950), 278–281.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ferguson, N., Schneier, B., & Kohno, T. (2015). Cryptography Engineering. Indianapolis, Indiana: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Seeberg, M. L., & Goździak, E. M. (Eds.). (2016). Contested Childhoods: Growing up in Migrancy: Migration, Governance, Identities. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Valdez, T. A., & Osborn, A. J. (2009). Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Infections of the Head and Neck in Children. In K. D. Pereira & R. B. Mitchell (Eds.), Pediatric Otolaryngology for the Clinician (pp. 29–34). Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, January 23). Stem Cell Transplant Improves Physical and Cognitive Symptoms In 50% Of MS Patients. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Information Management: Leadership Needed in Managing Federal Telecommunications (No. IMTEC-87-9). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mahmud, S. (2017). Comparing the Performance of Bottom-Moored and Unmanned Surface Vehicle Towed Passive Acoustic Monitoring Platforms for Marine Mammal Detections (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010, July 29). Yoga’s Serious. Except When It’s Not. New York Times, p. E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zewail 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Sander and Clauss 2008; Zewail 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sander and Clauss 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Ji et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Global Entrepreneurship Research
AbbreviationJ. Glob. Entrep.. Res.
ISSN (print)2228-7566
ISSN (online)2251-7316

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