How to format your references using the Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blomgren, G. E. (2000). Electrochemistry. Making a potential difference. Nature, 407(6805), 681–682.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cheney, R. E., & Rodriguez, O. C. (2001). Cell biology. A switch to release the motor. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5533), 1263–1264.
A journal article with 3 authors
Armitage, J. J., Collier, J. S., & Minshull, T. A. (2010). The importance of rift history for volcanic margin formation. Nature, 465(7300), 913–917.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Jiang, Q., Zhou, Z., Wang, L., Yang, C., Wang, J., Wu, T., & Song, L. (2014). Mutual modulation between norepinephrine and nitric oxide in haemocytes during the mollusc immune response. Scientific reports, 4, 6963.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang, Q. (2013). Practical Design of Magnetostatic Structure Using Numerical Simulation. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd.
An edited book
Chenneville, T. (Ed.). (2016). A Clinical Guide to Pediatric HIV: Bridging the Gaps Between Research and Practice. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Gui, H., & Roantree, M. (2013). Using a Pipeline Approach to Build Data Cube for Large XML Data Streams. In B. Hong, X. Meng, L. Chen, W. Winiwarter, & W. Song (Eds.), Database Systems for Advanced Applications: 18th International Conference, DASFAA 2013, International Workshops: BDMA, SNSM, SeCoP, Wuhan, China, April 22-25, 2013. Proceedings (pp. 59–73). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, May 28). Five Cool Ways To Trick Your Brain. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). Library of Congress: Strong Leadership Needed to Address Serious Information Technology Management Weaknesses (No. GAO-15-315). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haneef, N. J. (2009). A synthesized conceptual framework for the design of user interfaces of interactive information products (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2008, April 16). Putin to Take Helm of Party After Leaving The Presidency. New York Times, p. A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blomgren 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Blomgren 2000; Cheney and Rodriguez 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cheney and Rodriguez 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Jiang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Global Entrepreneurship Research
AbbreviationJ. Glob. Entrep.. Res.
ISSN (print)2228-7566
ISSN (online)2251-7316

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