How to format your references using the Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schleich WP. Engineering decoherence. Nature 2000;403:256–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sininger YS, Cone-Wesson B. Asymmetric cochlear processing mimics hemispheric specialization. Science 2004;305:1581.
A journal article with 3 authors
González-Pastor JE, Hobbs EC, Losick R. Cannibalism by sporulating bacteria. Science 2003;301:510–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Antoja T, Helmi A, Romero-Gómez M, Katz D, Babusiaux C, Drimmel R, et al. A dynamically young and perturbed Milky Way disk. Nature 2018;561:360–2.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown C. Fibonacci Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Lajiness M, Quallich S, editors. The Nurse Practitioner in Urology. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Benepal T, Matakidou A, Zee Y, Houlston R, Eisen T. Genetics of Lung Cancer: Current Thinking on Genetic Predisposition to the Disease and Response to Treatment. In: Syrigos KN, Nutting CM, Roussos C, editors. Tumors of the Chest: Biology, Diagnosis and Management, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006, p. 57–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance.

Blog post
Taub B. Nearly All Lion Deaths Are Caused By Humans In Some Parts Of Africa. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Computer Systems: Continued Oversight Crucial for Air Force’s Requirements Data Bank. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Parsons JR. Throwing a wrench in the translational machinery: Discovery of RNA ligands by fluorescence techniques. Doctoral dissertation. University of California San Diego, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Martin J, Burns A. G.O.P. Candidates Aiming to Escape Trump’s Shadow. New York Times 2016:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
AbbreviationJ. Glob. Antimicrob. Resist.
ISSN (print)2213-7165

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