How to format your references using the Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chun J. Immunology. The sources of a lipid conundrum. Science 2007;316:208–10.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shaiken TE, Opekun AR. Dissecting the cell to nucleus, perinucleus and cytosol. Sci Rep 2014;4:4923.
A journal article with 3 authors
Montague PR, Hyman SE, Cohen JD. Computational roles for dopamine in behavioural control. Nature 2004;431:760–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wang Q, He D, Peng F, Lei L, Liu P, Yin S, et al. Unusual compression behavior of nanocrystalline CeO₂. Sci Rep 2014;4:4441.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Connor K, Aardema F, Pélissier M-C. Beyond Reasonable Doubt. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Lewis M, Rudolph KD, editors. Handbook of Developmental Psychopathology. 3rd ed. 2014. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Mohnhaupt H. The Object of Interpretation: Legislation and Competing Normative Sources of Law in Europe During the 16th to 18th Centuries. In: Morigiwa Y, Stolleis M, Halperin J-L, editors. Interpretation of Law in the Age of Enlightenment: From the Rule of the King to the Rule of Law, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011, p. 61–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance.

Blog post
Hale T. Here’s Why You Should Be Sleeping Naked. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: System Safety Approach Needs Further Integration into FAA’s Oversight of Airlines. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Emale JM. An examination of how conglomerates impact small-medium enterprises in their relationship. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mahler J, Confessore N. Puerto Rico’s Pricey Struggle. New York Times 2015:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
AbbreviationJ. Glob. Antimicrob. Resist.
ISSN (print)2213-7165

Other styles