How to format your references using the Journal of Hydrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hydrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Muchhala, N., 2006. Nectar bat stows huge tongue in its rib cage. Nature 444, 701–702.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fedoroff, N., Fontana, W., 2002. Genetic networks. Small numbers of big molecules. Science 297, 1129–1131.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hu, F., Luo, W., Hong, M., 2010. Mechanisms of proton conduction and gating in influenza M2 proton channels from solid-state NMR. Science 330, 505–508.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Iaccarino, H.F., Singer, A.C., Martorell, A.J., Rudenko, A., Gao, F., Gillingham, T.Z., Mathys, H., Seo, J., Kritskiy, O., Abdurrob, F., Adaikkan, C., Canter, R.G., Rueda, R., Brown, E.N., Boyden, E.S., Tsai, L.-H., 2018. Author Correction: Gamma frequency entrainment attenuates amyloid load and modifies microglia. Nature 562, E1.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stuart, B., 2012. Forensic Analytical Techniques: Stuart/Forensic Analytical Techniques, Analytical Techniques in the Sciences. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Das, V.V., Ariwa, E., Rahayu, S.B. (Eds.), 2012. Signal Processing and Information Technology: First International Joint Conference, SPIT 2011 and IPC 2011, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, December 1-2, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Basanow, J., Neis, P., Neubauer, S., Schilling, A., Zipf, A., 2008. Towards 3D Spatial Data Infrastructures (3D-SDI) based on open standards — experiences, results and future issues, in: Oosterom, P. van, Zlatanova, S., Penninga, F., Fendel, E.M. (Eds.), Advances in 3D Geoinformation Systems, Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 65–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hydrology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Do Rats Dream of the Future? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. No Child Left Behind Act: Education Actions Needed to Improve Implementation and Evaluation of Supplemental Educational Services (No. GAO-06-1121T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moody, V.J., 2012. Examining leadership styles and employee engagement in the public and private sectors (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2016. A Historical Nightmare of Racism, Hypnotically Retold. New York Times C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Muchhala, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Fedoroff and Fontana, 2002; Muchhala, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fedoroff and Fontana, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Iaccarino et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hydrology
AbbreviationJ. Hydrol. (Amst.)
ISSN (print)0022-1694
ScopeWater Science and Technology

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