How to format your references using the Journal of Hydrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hydrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chapman, T., 2004. Drug discovery: the leading edge. Nature 430, 109–115.
A journal article with 2 authors
Funk, J.L., Vitousek, P.M., 2007. Resource-use efficiency and plant invasion in low-resource systems. Nature 446, 1079–1081.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ridgwell, A.J., Kennedy, M.J., Caldeira, K., 2003. Carbonate deposition, climate stability, and Neoproterozoic ice ages. Science 302, 859–862.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Biondi, E.G., Reisinger, S.J., Skerker, J.M., Arif, M., Perchuk, B.S., Ryan, K.R., Laub, M.T., 2006. Regulation of the bacterial cell cycle by an integrated genetic circuit. Nature 444, 899–904.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Young, G.C., 2010. Municipal Solid Waste to Energy Conversion Processes. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Manser, T. (Ed.), 2008. Specialization and Complementation of Humoral Immune Responses to Infection, Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Olschewski, H., Olschewski, A., 2014. Pulmonary Hypertension, in: Wakabayashi, I., Groschner, K. (Eds.), Interdisciplinary Concepts in Cardiovascular Health: Volume III: Cardiovascular Events. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 97–114.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hydrology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2017. The CDC Mapped Out Where People With Cancer Live In The US – Here’s What It Found [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Compliance Status Information on Biomedical Equipment (No. T-AIMD-00-26). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Florio, M.L., 2012. Assessing the impacts of knowing natural team player styles on team satisfaction and cohesion (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J., 2016. Everyone Knows Peter, Paul and Mary. But What About Bob? New York Times A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baets, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Bizzarro, 2014; Lee, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Funk and Vitousek, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hydrology
AbbreviationJ. Hydrol. (Amst.)
ISSN (print)0022-1694
ScopeWater Science and Technology

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