How to format your references using the Journal of Hydrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hydrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fewell, J.H., 2003. Social insect networks. Science 301, 1867–1870.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hedstrom, L., Frey, P.A., 2000. Robert H. Abeles (1926-2000). Nature 407, 854.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tex, D.M., Kamiya, I., Kanemitsu, Y., 2014. Control of hot-carrier relaxation for realizing ideal quantum-dot intermediate-band solar cells. Sci. Rep. 4, 4125.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Diep, C.Q., Ma, D., Deo, R.C., Holm, T.M., Naylor, R.W., Arora, N., Wingert, R.A., Bollig, F., Djordjevic, G., Lichman, B., Zhu, H., Ikenaga, T., Ono, F., Englert, C., Cowan, C.A., Hukriede, N.A., Handin, R.I., Davidson, A.J., 2011. Identification of adult nephron progenitors capable of kidney regeneration in zebrafish. Nature 470, 95–100.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Praetorius, S., Schößer, B., 2016. Bentonithandbuch. Wilhelm Ernst & Sohn, Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin, Germany.
An edited book
Hawes, J.M., Glisan, G.B. (Eds.), 2015. Proceedings of the 1987 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference, Developments in Marketing Science: Proceedings of the Academy of Marketing Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Freguglia, P., 2011. Geometric Calculus and Geometry Foundations in Peano, in: Skof, F. (Ed.), Giuseppe Peano between Mathematics and Logic: Proceeding of the International Conference in Honour of Giuseppe Peano on the 150th Anniversary of His Birth and the Centennial of the Formulario Mathematico, Turin (Italy), October 2–3,2008. Springer, Milano, pp. 69–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hydrology.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Fossils From Some Of The Earliest Four-Legged Animals Found In Scotland [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. Airport Competition: Essential Air Service Slots at O’Hare International Airport (No. RCED-94-118FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Duncan, K.F., 2016. Middle school teachers’ self-perceptions of response to intervention (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwirtz, M., 2017. Rikers Inmate Spent Brief Escape Hiding in Bushes. New York Times A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fewell, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Fewell, 2003; Hedstrom and Frey, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hedstrom and Frey, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Diep et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hydrology
AbbreviationJ. Hydrol. (Amst.)
ISSN (print)0022-1694
ScopeWater Science and Technology

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