How to format your references using the Journal of Hydrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hydrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clark, A.G., 2014. Genetics: The vital Y chromosome. Nature 508, 463–465.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, W.Y., Sine, S.M., 2005. Principal pathway coupling agonist binding to channel gating in nicotinic receptors. Nature 438, 243–247.
A journal article with 3 authors
Burns, P.C., Ewing, R.C., Navrotsky, A., 2012. Nuclear fuel in a reactor accident. Science 335, 1184–1188.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Segarra, M., Aburto, M.R., Cop, F., Llaó-Cid, C., Härtl, R., Damm, M., Bethani, I., Parrilla, M., Husainie, D., Schänzer, A., Schlierbach, H., Acker, T., Mohr, L., Torres-Masjoan, L., Ritter, M., Acker-Palmer, A., 2018. Endothelial Dab1 signaling orchestrates neuro-glia-vessel communication in the central nervous system. Science 361.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sadr, A., 2009. Interest Rate Swaps and Their Derivatives. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Halgamuge, S.K., Wang, L. (Eds.), 2005. Classification and Clustering for Knowledge Discovery, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Bárány, I., Hubard, A., Jerónimo, J., 2009. Slicing Convex Sets and Measures by a Hyperplane, in: Pollack, R., Pach, J., Goodman, J.E. (Eds.), Twentieth Anniversary Volume: Discrete & Computational Geometry. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 1–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hydrology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Delayed Or Killed, Keystone Pipeline Will Live On As Political Touchstone [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Accessible Communications: FCC Should Evaluate the Effectiveness of Its Public Outreach Efforts (No. GAO-15-574). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carroll, W.E., 2017. Leadership and emotional intelligence: Ability-based and mixed models of emotional intelligence as predictors of leadership performance across manager levels (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K., 2010. No Ordinary Greek Delights. New York Times NJ8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clark, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Clark, 2014; Lee and Sine, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee and Sine, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Segarra et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hydrology
AbbreviationJ. Hydrol. (Amst.)
ISSN (print)0022-1694
ScopeWater Science and Technology

Other styles