How to format your references using the Journal of Hydrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hydrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2003. Northern England: rising star. Nature 425, 430–433.
A journal article with 2 authors
de Waal, F.B., Berger, M.L., 2000. Payment for labour in monkeys. Nature 404, 563.
A journal article with 3 authors
Morran, L.T., Parmenter, M.D., Phillips, P.C., 2009. Mutation load and rapid adaptation favour outcrossing over self-fertilization. Nature 462, 350–352.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Beckman, R., Johnston-Halperin, E., Luo, Y., Green, J.E., Heath, J.R., 2005. Bridging dimensions: demultiplexing ultrahigh-density nanowire circuits. Science 310, 465–468.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perrin, V., 2013. MRI Techniques. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Poli, R., Seibt, J. (Eds.), 2010. Theory and Applications of Ontology: Philosophical Perspectives. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Khiari, M., Boizumault, P., Crémilleux, B., 2012. Combining Constraint Programming and Constraint-Based Mining for Pattern Discovery, in: Guillet, F., Ritschard, G., Zighed, D.A. (Eds.), Advances in Knowledge Discovery and Management: Volume 2, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 85–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hydrology.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017. Scientists Have Found The Best Way To Treat A Jellyfish Sting, And No, It’s Not Pee [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. Review of the Cardozo High School Band Summer Employment Program (No. GGD-77-16). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson, C., 2012. Directed blogging with community college ESL students: Its effects on awareness of language acquisition processes (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, R.W., 2009. Quotation of the Day. New York Times A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (de Waal and Berger, 2000; Smaglik, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (de Waal and Berger, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Beckman et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hydrology
AbbreviationJ. Hydrol. (Amst.)
ISSN (print)0022-1694
ScopeWater Science and Technology

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