How to format your references using the Journal of Hydrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hydrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Elvis, M., 2014. Astronomy: Cosmic triangles and black-hole masses. Nature 515, 498–499.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pearson, B.J., Doe, C.Q., 2003. Regulation of neuroblast competence in Drosophila. Nature 425, 624–628.
A journal article with 3 authors
Saavedra, S., Reed-Tsochas, F., Uzzi, B., 2009. A simple model of bipartite cooperation for ecological and organizational networks. Nature 457, 463–466.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Harlow, M.L., Ress, D., Stoschek, A., Marshall, R.M., McMahan, U.J., 2001. The architecture of active zone material at the frog’s neuromuscular junction. Nature 409, 479–484.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Williams, D.L., 2012. Ophthalmology of Exotic Pets. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Zayas, V., Hazan, C. (Eds.), 2015. Bases of Adult Attachment: Linking Brain, Mind and Behavior. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Gerhold, T., 2005. Overview of the Hybrid RANS Code TAU, in: Kroll, N., Fassbender, J.K. (Eds.), MEGAFLOW - Numerical Flow Simulation for Aircraft Design: Results of the Second Phase of the German CFD Initiative MEGAFLOW, Presented during Its Closing Symposium at DLR, Braunschweig, Germany, December 10 and 11, 2002, Notes on Numerical Fluid Mechanics and Multidisciplinary Design (NNFM). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 81–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hydrology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2013. A ten-year-old boy has discovered a 600 million year-old supernova [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Telecommunications Technology: Federal Funding for Schools and Libraries (No. HEHS-99-133). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ellerbrook, S.L., 2009. Exploring the efficiency and effectiveness of teacher selection tools: The effects on the total group with a focus on the gender sub-groups (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Craig, S., 2016. Trump’s Empire: A Maze of Debts and Opaque Ties. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Elvis, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Elvis, 2014; Pearson and Doe, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pearson and Doe, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Harlow et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hydrology
AbbreviationJ. Hydrol. (Amst.)
ISSN (print)0022-1694
ScopeWater Science and Technology

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