How to format your references using the Clinical Therapeutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Therapeutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Sifers RN. Cell biology. Protein degradation unlocked. Science. 2003;299(5611):1330-1331.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Minamino T, Namba K. Distinct roles of the FliI ATPase and proton motive force in bacterial flagellar protein export. Nature. 2008;451(7177):485-488.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Jefferis GSXE, Komiyama T, Luo L. Neuroscience. Calcium and CREST for healthy dendrites. Science. 2004;303(5655):179-181.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Lickert H, Takeuchi JK, Von Both I, et al. Baf60c is essential for function of BAF chromatin remodelling complexes in heart development. Nature. 2004;432(7013):107-112.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Stauffer HB. Contemporary Bayesian and Frequentist Statistical Research Methods for Natural Resource Scientists. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
1.
Mukhopadhyay C, Akhilesh KB, Srinivasan R, et al., eds. Driving the Economy through Innovation and Entrepreneurship: Emerging Agenda for Technology Management. New Delhi: Springer India; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
van Dijk NH. Structure Evolution in Materials Studied by Time-Dependent Neutron Scattering. In: Eckold G, Schober H, Nagler SE, eds. Studying Kinetics with Neutrons: Prospects for Time-Resolved Neutron Scattering. Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010:101-122.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Therapeutics.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. More Efficient Balls, Not Bigger Ones, Win the Mouse Sperm Race. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/more-efficient-balls-not-bigger-ones-win-mouse-sperm-race/. Published January 26, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Customs Has Established Effective Year 2000 Program Controls. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Cappiello DM. Minding the gap: Western export controls and soviet technology policy during the 1960s. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
Kelly S. Miss. Loves Nev. New York Times. November 15, 1998:732.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Therapeutics
AbbreviationClin. Ther.
ISSN (print)0149-2918
ScopePharmacology (medical)
Pharmacology

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