How to format your references using the Journal of Glaucoma citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Glaucoma. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Desplan C. Time to pick the fly’s brain. Nature. 2007;450(7167):173.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hoppler S, Wheeler GN. DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY. It’s about time for neural crest. Science. 2015;348(6241):1316-1317.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hansen B, Turrell WR, Østerhus S. Decreasing overflow from the Nordic seas into the Atlantic Ocean through the Faroe Bank channel since 1950. Nature. 2001;411(6840):927-930.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Kang HJ, Coulibaly F, Clow F, Proft T, Baker EN. Stabilizing isopeptide bonds revealed in gram-positive bacterial pilus structure. Science. 2007;318(5856):1625-1628.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Robbins NB. Creating More Effective Graphs. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2004.
An edited book
1.
Villani E. Modelling and Analysis of Hybrid Supervisory Systems: A Petri Net Approach. (Miyagi PE, Valette R, eds.). Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Onorato EM, Casilli F, Anzola GP. Echocardiographic Detection and Transcranial Doppler Quantification of Right-to-Left Shunting. In: Amin Z, Tobis JM, Sievert H, Carroll JD, eds. Patent Foramen Ovale. Springer; 2015:33-47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Glaucoma.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Fossils reveal how fish made transition from water to land. IFLScience. Published January 15, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/fossils-reveal-how-fish-made-transition-water-land/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Truck Safety: Need to Better Ensure Correction of Serious Inspection Violations. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Smith JR. The evolving profile of alternative tobacco use in California. Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Van Gelder SKC by L. Arts, Briefly; Russia: Happy Birthday, Maya. New York Times. November 17, 2005:E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Glaucoma
AbbreviationJ. Glaucoma
ISSN (print)1057-0829
ISSN (online)1536-481X
ScopeOphthalmology

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