How to format your references using the Journal of Glaucoma citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Glaucoma. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Russo E. Chemistry plans a structural overhaul. Nature. 2002;419(6903):4-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Dohoney KM, Gelles J. Chi-sequence recognition and DNA translocation by single RecBCD helicase/nuclease molecules. Nature. 2001;409(6818):370-374.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Suttmeier RP, Cao C, Simon DF. Priorities and funding. “Knowledge innovation” and the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Science. 2006;312(5770):58-59.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Abers GA, Ferris A, Craig M, et al. Mantle compensation of active metamorphic core complexes at Woodlark rift in Papua New Guinea. Nature. 2002;418(6900):862-865.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Carter KB. Actionable Intelligence. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Ortuño F, Rojas I, eds. Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering: Third International Conference, IWBBIO 2015, Granada, Spain, April 15-17, 2015. Proceedings, Part II. Vol 9044. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Jenkins DH. The Effects of Bullets. In: Brooks AJ, Clasper J, Midwinter M, Hodgetts TJ, Mahoney PF, eds. Ryan’s Ballistic Trauma: A Practical Guide. London: Springer; 2011:37-40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Glaucoma.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. The Science of Strawberries: Why do They Taste so Good? IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Attrition of Scientists at Three Regulatory Agencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Al-Qazzaz AL. A kinetic study of the radiolytic degradation of phthalates in aqueous solutions. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Gustines GG. Leaping From Marvel to DC in a Single Bound. New York Times. June 23, 2014:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Glaucoma
AbbreviationJ. Glaucoma
ISSN (print)1057-0829
ISSN (online)1536-481X
ScopeOphthalmology

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