How to format your references using the Journal of Glaucoma citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Glaucoma. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Raymond J. Sexist attitudes: Most of us are biased. Nature. 2013;495(7439):33-34.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Roesch MR, Olson CR. Neuronal activity related to reward value and motivation in primate frontal cortex. Science. 2004;304(5668):307-310.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Michael HA, Mulligan AE, Harvey CF. Seasonal oscillations in water exchange between aquifers and the coastal ocean. Nature. 2005;436(7054):1145-1148.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Xiao S, Xiao F, Hu Y, et al. Hierarchical nanoporous gold-platinum with heterogeneous interfaces for methanol electrooxidation. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4370.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Glover F, Klingman D, Phillips NV. Network Models in Optimization and Their Applications in Practice. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1992.
An edited book
1.
Gavrilova ML, Tan CJK, Sourin A, eds. Transactions on Computational Science XXVIII: Special Issue on Cyberworlds and Cybersecurity. Vol 9590. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Bai H, Wang A, Zhao Y, Pan J-S, Abraham A. Algorithms of DVC. In: Wang A, Zhao Y, Pan J-S, Abraham A, eds. Distributed Multiple Description Coding: Principles, Algorithms and Systems. London: Springer; 2011:115-164.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Glaucoma.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. Smallest Panda Twin Cub Dies. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/panda-cub-dies/. Published August 27, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: USDA Faces Tremendous Challenges in Ensuring That Vital Public Services Are Not Disrupted. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Holmstedt C. Low voltage switched-current cell and its application. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Mccain J. We Must Support Human Rights. New York Times. May 8, 2017:A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Glaucoma
AbbreviationJ. Glaucoma
ISSN (print)1057-0829
ISSN (online)1536-481X
ScopeOphthalmology

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