How to format your references using the Journal of Glaucoma citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Glaucoma. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Parham P. Innate immunity: The unsung heroes. Nature. 2003;423(6935):20.
A journal article with 2 authors
Freeman MP, Watkins NW. Auroral and space physics. The heavens in a pile of sand. Science. 2002;298(5595):979-980.
A journal article with 3 authors
Greiner J, Cuby JG, McCaughrean MJ. An unusually massive stellar black hole in the Galaxy. Nature. 2001;414(6863):522-525.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lassagne B, Tarakanov Y, Kinaret J, Garcia-Sanchez D, Garcia-Sanchez D, Bachtold A. Coupling mechanics to charge transport in carbon nanotube mechanical resonators. Science. 2009;325(5944):1107-1110.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heimann RB. Classic and Advanced Ceramics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2010.
An edited book
Bombieri N, Poncino M, Pravadelli G, eds. Smart Systems Integration and Simulation. 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Azzopardi L, Balog K. Towards a Living Lab for Information Retrieval Research and Development. In: Forner P, Gonzalo J, Kekäläinen J, Lalmas M, Rijke M de, eds. Multilingual and Multimodal Information Access Evaluation: Second International Conference of the Cross-Language Evaluation Forum, CLEF 2011, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, September 19-22, 2011. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2011:26-37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Glaucoma.

Blog post
Fang J. Oldest Known Human Fossil Discovered. IFLScience. Published March 5, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NASA’s FMFIA Assertions and CFO Plan. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eldridge Z. The Empowerment of a Forgotten Population. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. Like the Schemes of Mice and Men, A Portrait of Burns Goes Astray. New York Times. April 29, 2001:144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Glaucoma
AbbreviationJ. Glaucoma
ISSN (print)1057-0829
ISSN (online)1536-481X

Other styles