How to format your references using the International Journal of Social Research Methodology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Social Research Methodology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bendor, D. (2013). Eppendorf. Play it again, brain. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6158), 574.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gittis, A. H., & Brasier, D. J. (2015). NEUROSCIENCE. Astrocytes tell neurons when to listen up. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6249), 690–691.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nagao, K., Adachi, Y., & Yanagida, M. (2004). Separase-mediated cleavage of cohesin at interphase is required for DNA repair. Nature, 430(7003), 1044–1048.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Béjà, O., Suzuki, M. T., Heidelberg, J. F., Nelson, W. C., Preston, C. M., Hamada, T., … DeLong, E. F. (2002). Unsuspected diversity among marine aerobic anoxygenic phototrophs. Nature, 415(6872), 630–633.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Allin, P., & Hand, D. J. (2014). The Wellbeing of Nations. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Machado, P., McDermott, J., & Carballal, A. (Eds.). (2013). Evolutionary and Biologically Inspired Music, Sound, Art and Design: Second International Conference, EvoMUSART 2013, Vienna, Austria, April 3-5, 2013. Proceedings (Vol. 7834). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Blin, G., & Rizzi, R. (2005). Conserved Interval Distance Computation Between Non-trivial Genomes. In L. Wang (Ed.), Computing and Combinatorics: 11th Annual International Conference, COCOON 2005 Kunming, China, August 16–19, 2005 Proceedings (pp. 22–31). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Social Research Methodology.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2015, October 6). Burger King’s Halloween Burger Does Something Scary To Your Poop. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Telecommunications Privacy: GSA’s Planned FTS 2000 Telephone Record Controls Appear Reasonable (No. IMTEC-89-6). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clark, M. (2011). How Charter School Teachers Act on Perceived Autonomy: A Qualitative Study of Curricular Decisions (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis, J. (2016, December 18). Cancer Patient Is Hoping to Get Back to the Kitchen. New York Times, p. A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Besansky, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Greenberg, 2003; Lemmon, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gittis & Brasier, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Nagao, Adachi, & Yanagida, 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Koenigs et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Social Research Methodology
AbbreviationInt. J. Soc. Res. Methodol.
ISSN (print)1364-5579
ISSN (online)1464-5300
ScopeGeneral Social Sciences

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