How to format your references using the International Journal of Social Research Methodology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Social Research Methodology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Selman, J. R. (2009). Materials science. Poison-tolerant fuel cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5949), 52–53.
A journal article with 2 authors
Divakaruni, A. S., & Murphy, A. N. (2012). Cell biology. A mitochondrial mystery, solved. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6090), 41–43.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tsiavaliaris, G., Fujita-Becker, S., & Manstein, D. J. (2004). Molecular engineering of a backwards-moving myosin motor. Nature, 427(6974), 558–561.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Jankowsky, E., Gross, C. H., Shuman, S., & Pyle, A. M. (2000). The DExH protein NPH-II is a processive and directional motor for unwinding RNA. Nature, 403(6768), 447–451.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Valizadeh, P. (2016). Field Effect Transistors, A Comprehensive Overview. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Roederer, J. G. (2014). Dynamics of Magnetically Trapped Particles: Foundations of the Physics of Radiation Belts and Space Plasmas (H. Zhang, Ed.; 2nd ed. 2014, Vol. 403). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Nouh, M., Alabdulkareem, A., Gowharji, W., Alfaris, A., & Sanchez, A. (2014). A Web-Based Decision Support Platform for Multidimensional Modeling of Complex Engineering Systems. In F. Dargam, J. E. Hernández, P. Zaraté, S. Liu, R. Ribeiro, B. Delibašić, & J. Papathanasiou (Eds.), Decision Support Systems III - Impact of Decision Support Systems for Global Environments: Euro Working Group Workshops, EWG-DSS 2013, Thessaloniki, Greece, May 29-31, 2013, and Rome, Italy, July 1-4, 2013, Revised Selected and Extended Papers (pp. 45–56). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Social Research Methodology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 9). Why Do We Sleep? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Highlights of a Forum: Data and Analytics Innovation: Emerging Opportunities and Challenges (GAO-16-659SP). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Atchison, D. (2017). An Examination of Educational Equity: The Impact of Accountability and Finance Reform Policies [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwirtz, M., Stewart, N., & Baker, A. L. (2017, July 7). As Police Seek a Motive, a Killer’s Sister Offers Her Perspective. New York Times, A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Selman, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Divakaruni & Murphy, 2012; Selman, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Divakaruni & Murphy, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Tsiavaliaris et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Jankowsky et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Social Research Methodology
AbbreviationInt. J. Soc. Res. Methodol.
ISSN (print)1364-5579
ISSN (online)1464-5300
ScopeGeneral Social Sciences

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