How to format your references using the International Journal of Social Research Methodology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Social Research Methodology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rahman, N. (2014). Realizing the promise of cancer predisposition genes. Nature, 505(7483), 302–308.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ou, X., & Wu, H. (2014). Impact of spin-orbit coupling on the magnetism of Sr₃MIrO₆ (M = Ni, Co). Scientific Reports, 4, 4609.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, A. E., Ginty, D. D., & Fan, C.-M. (2005). Protein kinase A signalling via CREB controls myogenesis induced by Wnt proteins. Nature, 433(7023), 317–322.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Smith, C. A., Roeszler, K. N., Ohnesorg, T., Cummins, D. M., Farlie, P. G., Doran, T. J., & Sinclair, A. H. (2009). The avian Z-linked gene DMRT1 is required for male sex determination in the chicken. Nature, 461(7261), 267–271.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Birla, R. (2014). Introduction to Tissue Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sacchetti, E. (2014). Adherence to Antipsychotics in Schizophrenia (A. Vita, A. Siracusano, & W. Fleischhacker, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ye, F., Xia, J.-F., Chong, Y.-W., Zhang, Y., & Zheng, C.-H. (2014). Tumor Clustering Using Independent Component Analysis and Adaptive Affinity Propagation. In D.-S. Huang, K. Han, & M. Gromiha (Eds.), Intelligent Computing in Bioinformatics: 10th International Conference, ICIC 2014, Taiyuan, China, August 3-6, 2014. Proceedings (pp. 34–40). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Social Research Methodology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, December 20). Crows Can Understand Analogies. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Federal Aviation Administration: Viability of Current Funding Structure for Aviation Activities and Observations on Funding Provisions of Reauthorization Proposals (GAO-07-1104T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marchek, S. P. (2015). A quantitative investigation of the Technology Obsolescence Model (TOM) factors that influence the decision to replace obsolete systems [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2008, February 27). A Case-by-Case Ruling on Discrimination. New York Times, A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rahman, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Ou & Wu, 2014; Rahman, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ou & Wu, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Chen et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Smith et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Social Research Methodology
AbbreviationInt. J. Soc. Res. Methodol.
ISSN (print)1364-5579
ISSN (online)1464-5300
ScopeGeneral Social Sciences

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