How to format your references using the International Journal of Social Research Methodology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Social Research Methodology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pielke, R. A., Jr. (2002). Science policy: policy, politics and perspective. Nature, 416(6879), 367–368.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dar-Nimrod, I., & Heine, S. J. (2006). Exposure to scientific theories affects women’s math performance. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5798), 435.
A journal article with 3 authors
Samokhvalov, A. V., Shekhter, R. I., & Buzdin, A. I. (2014). Stimulation of a singlet superconductivity in SFS weak links by spin-exchange scattering of cooper pairs. Scientific Reports, 4, 5671.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Michler, P., Imamoglu, A., Mason, M. D., Carson, P. J., Strouse, G. F., & Buratto, S. K. (2000). Quantum correlation among photons from a single quantum dot at room temperature. Nature, 406(6799), 968–970.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Basset, P., Blokhina, E., & Galayko, D. (2016). Electrostatic Kinetic Energy Harvesting. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pal, S. P., & Sadakane, K. (Eds.). (2014). Algorithms and Computation: 8th International Workshop, WALCOM 2014, Chennai, India, February 13-15, 2014, Proceedings (Vol. 8344). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ong, H. L., de Souza, L. B., & Ambudkar, I. S. (2016). Role of TRPC Channels in Store-Operated Calcium Entry. In J. A. Rosado (Ed.), Calcium Entry Pathways in Non-excitable Cells (pp. 87–109). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Social Research Methodology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 18). Common Antimicrobial Soap Ingredient Linked To Liver Disease. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). FCC: Geographic Partitioning and Spectrum Disaggregation for the 220-222 MHz Service (OGC-98-77). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vega Aguirre, J. C. (2008). Study of small business leadership as a result of the North American Free Trade Agreement [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M. M. (2017, June 10). Testimony By Comey Turns Into Ratings Gold. New York Times, A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pielke, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Dar-Nimrod & Heine, 2006; Pielke, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dar-Nimrod & Heine, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Samokhvalov et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Michler et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Social Research Methodology
AbbreviationInt. J. Soc. Res. Methodol.
ISSN (print)1364-5579
ISSN (online)1464-5300
ScopeGeneral Social Sciences

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