How to format your references using the International Journal of Social Research Methodology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Social Research Methodology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nicholson, D. W. (2000). From bench to clinic with apoptosis-based therapeutic agents. Nature, 407(6805), 810–816.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boolchand, P., & Bresser, W. J. (2001). Mobile silver ions and glass formation in solid electrolytes. Nature, 410(6832), 1070–1073.
A journal article with 3 authors
Woodruff, J. D., Irish, J. L., & Camargo, S. J. (2013). Coastal flooding by tropical cyclones and sea-level rise. Nature, 504(7478), 44–52.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
LeMieux, M. C., Roberts, M., Barman, S., Jin, Y. W., Kim, J. M., & Bao, Z. (2008). Self-sorted, aligned nanotube networks for thin-film transistors. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5885), 101–104.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Li, R. C.-H. (2008). RF Circuit Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Waring, M. J., & Chaires, J. B. (Eds.). (2005). DNA Binders and Related Subjects: -/- (Vol. 253). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Comas, O., Taylor, Z. A., Allard, J., Ourselin, S., Cotin, S., & Passenger, J. (2008). Efficient Nonlinear FEM for Soft Tissue Modelling and Its GPU Implementation within the Open Source Framework SOFA. In F. Bello & P. J. E. Edwards (Eds.), Biomedical Simulation: 4th International Symposium, ISBMS 2008, London, UK, July 7-8, 2008 Proceedings (pp. 28–39). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Social Research Methodology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017, May 31). Growing Use Of Smart Drugs By Students Could Be A Recipe For Disaster. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Aviation Safety: Status of FAA’s Actions to Oversee the Safety of Composite Airplanes (GAO-11-849). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Heyer, C. (2017). Advocacy Services for College Students With Disabilities: A Grant Proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, April 6). Fans Voice Frustration, But Mets Leave It Behind. New York Times, B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nicholson, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Boolchand & Bresser, 2001; Nicholson, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boolchand & Bresser, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Woodruff et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (LeMieux et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Social Research Methodology
AbbreviationInt. J. Soc. Res. Methodol.
ISSN (print)1364-5579
ISSN (online)1464-5300
ScopeGeneral Social Sciences

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