How to format your references using the Journal of Geophysics and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geophysics and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
López-Urrutia A 2003 Allometry: How reliable is the biological time clock? Nature 424 269–70; discussion 270
A journal article with 2 authors
Rowe T and Frank L R 2011 The disappearing third dimension Science 331 712–4
A journal article with 3 authors
Dicke M, van Loon J J A and de Jong P W 2004 Ecology. Ecogenomics benefits community ecology Science 305 618–9
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Yoshida M, Zhang Y, Ye J, Suzuki R, Imai Y, Kimura S, Fujiwara A and Iwasa Y 2014 Controlling charge-density-wave states in nano-thick crystals of 1T-TaS2 Sci. Rep. 4 7302

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Means R S 2010 Green Building: (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Pavlovic M 2013 Stem Cells and Tissue Engineering ed B Balint (New York, NY: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Hebelstrup K H and Møller I M 2015 Mitochondrial Signaling in Plants Under Hypoxia: Use of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) and Reactive Nitrogen Species (RNS) Reactive Oxygen and Nitrogen Species Signaling and Communication in Plants Signaling and Communication in Plants ed K J Gupta and A U Igamberdiev (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 63–77

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geophysics and Engineering.

Blog post
Luntz S 2016 Low Fat Chocolate Has Potential To Electrify Production IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1995 [Comments on Claim for Additional Charges on FAA Shipment] (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stephenson J H 2010 Ethics and morality in software development: A developer’s perspective Doctoral dissertation (Minneapolis, MN: Capella University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Robert Kelly; Robert Kelly is a poet, fiction writer whose most recent book is ’ ’A Transparent Tree, ’ ’ a collection of short fiction. He teaches at the Milton Avery Graduate School of the Arts and at Bard College 1986 ORDINARY SPLENDORS New York Times 725

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geophysics and Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Geophys. Eng.
ISSN (print)1742-2132
ISSN (online)1742-2140
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles