How to format your references using the Journal of Geophysics and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geophysics and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pulverer B 2010 Transparency showcases strength of peer review Nature 468 29–31
A journal article with 2 authors
Johnson K A and Ashcroft N W 2000 Structure and bandgap closure in dense hydrogen Nature 403 632–5
A journal article with 3 authors
Moldoveanu T, Gehring K and Green D R 2008 Concerted multi-pronged attack by calpastatin to occlude the catalytic cleft of heterodimeric calpains Nature 456 404–8
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Qin S, Lei W, Liu D and Chen Y 2014 In-situ and tunable nitrogen-doping of MoS2 nanosheets Sci. Rep. 4 7582

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kenny T 2014 The Nuts and Bolts of Implantable Device Therapy Pacemakers (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Dössel O and Schlegel W C 2009 World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, September 7 - 12, 2009, Munich, Germany: Vol. 25/12 General Subjects vol 25/12 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
El-Habr H N and Hutchinson M 2008 Efforts of regional and international organisations in reducing levels of pollution in the Gulf Protecting the Gulf’s Marine Ecosystems from Pollution ed A H Abuzinada, H-J Barth, F Krupp, B Böer and T Z A Abdessalaam (Basel: Birkhäuser) pp 93–106

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geophysics and Engineering.

Blog post
Carpineti A 2016 We Now Have All The New Horizons Data From Pluto IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1996 Surface Transportation: Research Funding, Federal Role, and Emerging Issues (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Coughenour B M 2014 Photovoltaic concentrator optical system design: Solar energy engineering from physics to field Doctoral dissertation (Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B 2017 Serving Ham on Soignée Silk New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geophysics and Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Geophys. Eng.
ISSN (print)1742-2132
ISSN (online)1742-2140
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles