How to format your references using the Journal of Geophysics and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geophysics and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wood C L 2014 Environment. Environmental change and the ecology of infectious disease Science 346 1192
A journal article with 2 authors
Lo M-T and Lee W-C 2014 Detecting a weak association by testing its multiple perturbations: a data mining approach Sci. Rep. 4 5081
A journal article with 3 authors
Chaudhuri O, Parekh S H and Fletcher D A 2007 Reversible stress softening of actin networks Nature 445 295–8
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Riehle M M, Guelbeogo W M, Gneme A, Eiglmeier K, Holm I, Bischoff E, Garnier T, Snyder G M, Li X, Markianos K, Sagnon N and Vernick K D 2011 A cryptic subgroup of Anopheles gambiae is highly susceptible to human malaria parasites Science 331 596–8

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barnett J E and Johnson W B 2015 Ethics Desk Reference for Counselors (Alexandria, VA, USA: American Counseling Association)
An edited book
Han F X 2007 Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements in Arid Environments vol 13, ed A Singer (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands)
A chapter in an edited book
Chaki J, Parekh R and Bhattacharya S 2016 Plant Leaf Recognition Using Ridge Filter and Curvelet Transform with Neuro-Fuzzy Classifier Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on Advanced Computing, Networking and Informatics: ICACNI 2015, Volume 1 Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies ed A Nagar, D P Mohapatra and N Chaki (New Delhi: Springer India) pp 37–44

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geophysics and Engineering.

Blog post
Fang J 2015 Watch a Baby Gorilla Being Born! IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1978 Questionable Need for All Schools Planned by the Bureau of Indian Affairs (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liu Y 2013 Analysis on the distinct path in a star interconnection network Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolomatsky M 2017 Singles in the House New York Times RE2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geophysics and Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Geophys. Eng.
ISSN (print)1742-2132
ISSN (online)1742-2140
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles