How to format your references using the Journal of Geophysics and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geophysics and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Humphries C 2012 Cooking: delicious science Nature 486 S10-1
A journal article with 2 authors
Famiglietti J S and Rodell M 2013 Environmental science. Water in the balance Science 340 1300–1
A journal article with 3 authors
Carlos C, Torres T T and Ottoboni L M M 2013 Bacterial communities and species-specific associations with the mucus of Brazilian coral species Sci. Rep. 3 1624
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Cooks R G, Ouyang Z, Takats Z and Wiseman J M 2006 Detection Technologies. Ambient mass spectrometry Science 311 1566–70

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lunn G and Sansone E B 2012 Destruction of Hazardous Chemicals in the Laboratory (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Mombaur K and Berns K 2013 Modeling, Simulation and Optimization of Bipedal Walking vol 18 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Braganhol E, Bernardi A, Cappellari A R, Wink M R and Battastini A M O 2011 The Role of Ectonucleotidases in Glioma Cell Proliferation Tumors of the Central Nervous System, Volume 1: Gliomas: Glioblastoma (Part 1) ed M A Hayat (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands) pp 45–51

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geophysics and Engineering.

Blog post
Luntz S 2014 Previously Uncontacted Amazon Tribe Initiated Contact After Being Attacked By Illegal Loggers And Drug Traffickers IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2008 Traffic Safety: Grants Generally Address Key Safety Issues, Despite State Eligibility and Management Difficulties (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Saperstein A M 2009 Susceptibility to smoking and nicotine dependence in schizophrenia Doctoral dissertation (College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L 2008 New Charter School Will Be Island’s 4th New York Times LI1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geophysics and Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Geophys. Eng.
ISSN (print)1742-2132
ISSN (online)1742-2140
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles