How to format your references using the Journal of Geophysics and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geophysics and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Field C B 2001 Global change. Sharing the garden Science 294 2490–1
A journal article with 2 authors
Noda H and Lapusta N 2013 Stable creeping fault segments can become destructive as a result of dynamic weakening Nature 493 518–21
A journal article with 3 authors
Hopkins M, Harrison T M and Manning C E 2008 Low heat flow inferred from >4 Gyr zircons suggests Hadean plate boundary interactions Nature 456 493–6
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Tokunaga K, Saitoh N, Goldberg I G, Sakamoto C, Yasuda Y, Yoshida Y, Yamanaka S and Nakao M 2014 Computational image analysis of colony and nuclear morphology to evaluate human induced pluripotent stem cells Sci. Rep. 4 6996

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khoei A R 2014 Extended Finite Element Method (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Ismail S I, Sulaiman N and Adnan R 2016 Proceedings of the 2nd International Colloquium on Sports Science, Exercise, Engineering and Technology 2015 (ICoSSEET 2015) (Singapore: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Holmstrup P and Nielsen C H 2016 Linkage Between Periodontal Disease and Rheumatoid Arthritis Oral Infections and General Health: From Molecule to Chairside ed A M Lynge Pedersen (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 45–51

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geophysics and Engineering.

Blog post
Davis J 2016 Fungal Infections Kill More People Globally Than Malaria Or TB IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1987 ADP Budget: SSA’s Information Technology Systems Budget Requests and Obligations (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cook M M 2017 An Examination of the Proportion of Special Education Students in Single-Parent Homes in Comparison to Regular Education Students in Similar Households Doctoral dissertation ( St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K 2008 Say Cheese At This Deli And You’ll Get 3 Dozen Types New York Times NJ11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geophysics and Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Geophys. Eng.
ISSN (print)1742-2132
ISSN (online)1742-2140
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles