How to format your references using the Journal of Geophysics and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geophysics and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buiter S 2014 Geodynamics: How plumes help to break plates Nature 513 36–7
A journal article with 2 authors
Rees D C and Howard J B 2003 The interface between the biological and inorganic worlds: iron-sulfur metalloclusters Science 300 929–31
A journal article with 3 authors
Bortnik J, Thorne R M and Meredith N P 2008 The unexpected origin of plasmaspheric hiss from discrete chorus emissions Nature 452 62–6
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Smith L C, Sheng Y, MacDonald G M and Hinzman L D 2005 Disappearing Arctic lakes Science 308 1429

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Coles A and Hawkins D G 2011 MIDAS Technical Analysis (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Fernandes P R and Bártolo P J 2011 Advances on Modeling in Tissue Engineering vol 20 (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands)
A chapter in an edited book
Bavry A A and Kumbhani D J 2012 Fractional flow reserve and intravascular ultrasound Indications and techniques of percutaneous procedures: Coronary, peripheral, and structural heart disease ed D J Kumbhani (Tarporley: Springer Healthcare Ltd.) pp 25–7

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geophysics and Engineering.

Blog post
Luntz S 2017 Seawater Can Reach Right To The Edge Of The Earth’s Core IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2000 Aviation Infrastructure: Feasibility of Using Alternate Means to Satisfy Requirements of Alaska National Airspace System Interfacility Communications System (ANICS) Phase II (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson E A 2008 Factors associated with post-stroke depressive symptoms and quality of life Doctoral dissertation (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland J 2017 Midcentury City New York Times MB10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geophysics and Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Geophys. Eng.
ISSN (print)1742-2132
ISSN (online)1742-2140
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles