How to format your references using the Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Herrling, P. (2006). Experiments in social responsibility. Nature, 439(7074), 267–268.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wassarman, K. M., & Saecker, R. M. (2006). Synthesis-mediated release of a small RNA inhibitor of RNA polymerase. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5805), 1601–1603.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bhagat, D., Samanta, S. K., & Bhattacharya, S. (2013). Efficient management of fruit pests by pheromone nanogels. Scientific Reports, 3, 1294.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zenkin, N., Naryshkina, T., Kuznedelov, K., & Severinov, K. (2006). The mechanism of DNA replication primer synthesis by RNA polymerase. Nature, 439(7076), 617–620.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Möller, G. (2013). Geotechnik. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Fiadeiro, J. L., & Schobbens, P.-Y. (Eds.). (2007). Recent Trends in Algebraic Development Techniques: 18th International Workshop, WADT 2006, La Roche en Ardenne, Belgium, June 1-3, 2006, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 4409). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Stanko, E. A., & Dawson, P. (2016). Step Three: Digging Down and Understanding the Problem and Its Context. In P. Dawson (Ed.), Police Use of Research Evidence: Recommendations for Improvement (pp. 19–21). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 23). First Collision In Most Powerful Particle Collider Ever. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Test and Evaluation: DOD Has Been Slow In Improving Testing of Software-Intensive Systems (No. NSIAD-93-198). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, S. (2013). Control-display alignment modulates dimensional salience (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2017, June 2). Djokovic Keeps Title Defense Alive, but Not Without an Early Scare. New York Times, p. D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Herrling, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Herrling, 2006; Wassarman & Saecker, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wassarman & Saecker, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Zenkin et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences
AbbreviationJ. Geophys. Res. Biogeosci.
ISSN (print)2169-8953
ISSN (online)2169-8961

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