How to format your references using the Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mellman, I. (2007). Private lives: reflections and challenges in understanding the cell biology of the immune system. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5838), 625–627.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thomson, M., & Gunawardena, J. (2009). Unlimited multistability in multisite phosphorylation systems. Nature, 460(7252), 274–277.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nazir, S., Amin, B., & Schwingenschlögl, U. (2013). Suppression of the two-dimensional electron gas in LaGaO3/SrTiO3 by cation intermixing. Scientific Reports, 3, 3409.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lu, X.-F., Bian, X.-J., Li, Z.-C., Chao, D.-M., & Wang, C. (2013). A facile strategy to decorate Cu₉S₅ nanocrystals on polyaniline nanowires and their synergetic catalytic properties. Scientific Reports, 3, 2955.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Halbich, I. W. (1993). Cape Fold Belt‐Agulhas Bank Transect Across Gondwana Suture, Southern Africa (p. 46). Washington, D. C.: American Geophysical Union.
An edited book
Fanelli, G. C. (Ed.). (2013). The Multiple Ligament Injured Knee: A Practical Guide to Management (2nd ed. 2013). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bojarovich, J., & Malinkovsky, Y. (2013). Stationary Distribution Invariance of an Open Queueing Network with Temporarily Non-active Customers. In A. Dudin, V. Klimenok, G. Tsarenkov, & S. Dudin (Eds.), Modern Probabilistic Methods for Analysis of Telecommunication Networks: Belarusian Winter Workshops in Queueing Theory, BWWQT 2013, Minsk, Belarus, January 28-31, 2013. Proceedings (pp. 26–32). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, June 9). Paraplegic In “Ironman Suit” Will Take The First Kick In The 2014 World Cup. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Transit Asset Management: Additional Research on Capital Investment Effects Could Help Transit Agencies Optimize Funding (No. GAO-13-571). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liu, H. (2017). Three Papers on the Sociology of Initial Public Offerings (IPOs) (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Joseph, Y. (2017, September 2). Passage Home for a Pioneer’s House. New York Times, p. A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mellman, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Mellman, 2007; Thomson & Gunawardena, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thomson & Gunawardena, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Lu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences
AbbreviationJ. Geophys. Res. Biogeosci.
ISSN (print)2169-8953
ISSN (online)2169-8961

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