How to format your references using the Family Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Family Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
van Leeuwen JL. Plant science. Launched at 36,000g. Science. 2010 Jul 23;329(5990):395–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Spitale JN, Porco CC. Association of the jets of Enceladus with the warmest regions on its south-polar fractures. Nature. 2007 Oct 11;449(7163):695–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Sidi S, Friedrich RW, Nicolson T. NompC TRP channel required for vertebrate sensory hair cell mechanotransduction. Science. 2003 Jul 4;301(5629):96–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Kumar KA, Sano G-I, Boscardin S, Nussenzweig RS, Nussenzweig MC, Zavala F, et al. The circumsporozoite protein is an immunodominant protective antigen in irradiated sporozoites. Nature. 2006 Dec 14;444(7121):937–40.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Voldman SH. ESD. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1.
Ando T, Curto RE, Jung IB, Lee WY, editors. Recent Advances in Operator Theory and Applications. Basel: Birkhäuser; 2009. VIII, 248 p. (Operator Theory: Advances and Applications; vol. 187).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Karimou D, Myoupo JF. Randomized Permutation Routing in Multi-hop Ad Hoc Networks with Unknown Destinations. In: Agha KA, editor. Ad-Hoc Networking: IFIP 19th World Computer Congress, TC-6, IFIP Interactive Conference on Ad-Hoc Networking, August 20–25, 2006, Santiago, Chile. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006. p. 47–59. (IFIP International Federation for Information Processing).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Family Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K. Virtual Reality Tech May Make “Going Shopping’’ In Real Life A Thing Of The Past” [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/virtual-reality-tech-may-make-going-shopping-in-real-life-a-thing-of-the-past/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Tools and Techniques for Improving the Efficiency of Federal Automatic Data Processing Operation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1974 Jun. Report No.: B-115369.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Bailey RU. A Risk Analysis Tool for Evaluating ROI of TRA for Major Defense Acquisition Programs [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Walsh MW. Illinois Is Accused Of Fraud By S.E.C. New York Times. 2013 Mar 12;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleFamily Medicine
AbbreviationFam. Med.
ISSN (print)0742-3225
ISSN (online)1938-3800
ScopeFamily Practice

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