How to format your references using the Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker, J. (2006). Cassini at Enceladus. Tiger, tiger, burning bright. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5766), 1388.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaminski, T., & Heimann, M. (2001). Inverse modeling of atmospheric carbon dioxide fluxes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5541), 259.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stutzmann, N., Friend, R. H., & Sirringhaus, H. (2003). Self-aligned, vertical-channel, polymer field-effect transistors. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5614), 1881–1884.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Moyer, A. E., Zheng, W., Johnson, E. A., Lamanna, M. C., Li, D.-Q., Lacovara, K. J., & Schweitzer, M. H. (2014). Melanosomes or microbes: testing an alternative hypothesis for the origin of microbodies in fossil feathers. Scientific Reports, 4, 4233.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Black, R. (2016). Pragmatic Software Testing. Indianapolis, Indiana: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hajek, A. E., Glare, T. R., & O’Callaghan, M. (Eds.). (2009). Use of Microbes for Control and Eradication of Invasive Arthropods (Vol. 6). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Olson, J. C., White, P., & Sparrow, L. (2011). Influence of Lesson Study on Teachers’ Mathematics Pedagogy. In L. C. Hart, A. S. Alston, & A. Murata (Eds.), Lesson Study Research and Practice in Mathematics Education: Learning Together (pp. 39–57). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2017, February 24). The Search For Extraterrestrial Life In The Water Worlds Close To Home. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). TQM Implementation at NASA (No. GGD-93-28R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robertson, E. (2014). Transitional services for emancipated foster youth: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D. A. (2007, December 5). Take Me to Starbucks if You Can’t Amuse Me. New York Times, p. H10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Baker, 2006; Kaminski & Heimann, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kaminski & Heimann, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Moyer et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
AbbreviationJ. Geophys. Res.
ISSN (print)2169-897X
ISSN (online)2169-8996

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