How to format your references using the Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leisinger, K. (2015). Business needs to embrace sustainability targets. Nature, 528(7581), 165.
A journal article with 2 authors
He, X.-L., & Garcia, K. C. (2004). Structure of nerve growth factor complexed with the shared neurotrophin receptor p75. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5672), 870–875.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, J., Ashenhurst, J. A., & Movassaghi, M. (2009). Total synthesis of (+)-11,11’-dideoxyverticillin A. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5924), 238–241.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lei, M., Wang, J., Li, J. R., Wang, Y. G., Tang, H. L., & Wang, W. J. (2014). Emerging methanol-tolerant AlN nanowire oxygen reduction electrocatalyst for alkaline direct methanol fuel cell. Scientific Reports, 4, 6013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sullivan, D. M. (2012). Quantum Mechanics for Electrical Engineers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pasterkamp, G., & Kleijn, D. P. V. de (Eds.). (2006). Cardiovascular Research: New Technologies, Methods, and Applications. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Bisták, P. (2015). Time Sub-Optimal Control of Triple Integrator Applied to Real Three-Tank Hydraulic System. In R. Moreno-Díaz, F. Pichler, & A. Quesada-Arencibia (Eds.), Computer Aided Systems Theory – EUROCAST 2015: 15th International Conference, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain, February 8-13, 2015, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 25–32). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017, May 23). Scientists Discover 40 New Genes Linked To Intelligence. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Financial Audit: District of Columbia Highway Trust Fund’s Fiscal Year 1997 Financial Statements (No. AIMD-98-254). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boyd, J. L. (2017). Interactive simulations: Improving learning retention in knowledge-based online training courses (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx, L. (2014, December 21). Friends, Artists and Partners. New York Times, p. ST25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Leisinger, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (He & Garcia, 2004; Leisinger, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (He & Garcia, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Lei et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
AbbreviationJ. Geophys. Res.
ISSN (print)2169-897X
ISSN (online)2169-8996

Other styles