How to format your references using the Journal of Geodynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geodynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mandavilli, A., 2005. The coming epidemic. Nature 436, 496–498.
A journal article with 2 authors
Olson, E.L., Allen, R.M., 2005. The deterministic nature of earthquake rupture. Nature 438, 212–215.
A journal article with 3 authors
Osborne, L.C., Lisberger, S.G., Bialek, W., 2005. A sensory source for motor variation. Nature 437, 412–416.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hoppe, H.-G., Gocke, K., Koppe, R., Begler, C., 2002. Bacterial growth and primary production along a north-south transect of the Atlantic Ocean. Nature 416, 168–171.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Huang, H.K., 2005. PACS and Imaging Informatics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Sharma, D., 2016. Biosurfactants of Lactic Acid Bacteria, 1st ed. 2016. ed, SpringerBriefs in Microbiology. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Barrett, D.S., Yasen, S.K., 2013. Mobile and Fixed Bearings in Unicondylar Knee Resurfacing: Indications vs Osteotomies and Total Knee Replacements, in: Confalonieri, N., Romagnoli, S. (Eds.), Small Implants in Knee Reconstruction. Springer, Milano, pp. 29–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geodynamics.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. China’s Record-Breaking Glass Bridge Is Amazing And Terrifying [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority: Steps Taken to Address Financial Management and Safety Recommendations, but Financial Management Internal Controls Need Strengthening (No. GAO-15-640R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kolasa, A., 2014. Essays on Firm Behavior in Developing Countries (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2015. Puerto Rico Plans to Default on $174 Million in Bond Debt. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mandavilli, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Mandavilli, 2005; Olson and Allen, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Olson and Allen, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Hoppe et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geodynamics
AbbreviationJ. Geodyn.
ISSN (print)0264-3707
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

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