How to format your references using the Journal of Geodynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geodynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Csatho, B.M., 2015. Climate science: A history of Greenland’s ice loss. Nature 528, 341–343.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lin, J.Y., Fisher, D.E., 2007. Melanocyte biology and skin pigmentation. Nature 445, 843–850.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chien, K.R., Moretti, A., Laugwitz, K.-L., 2004. Development. ES cells to the rescue. Science 306, 239–240.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Barabási, A.L., Freeh, V.W., Jeong, H., Brockman, J.B., 2001. Parasitic computing. Nature 412, 894–897.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mattone, J., Vaidya, N., 2016. Cultural Transformations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Freed, K.F. (Ed.), 2005. Phase Behaviour of Polymer Blends, Advances in Polymer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Patel, K.N., 2015. Hyperthyroidism and Thyroiditis, in: Pasieka, J.L., Lee, J.A. (Eds.), Surgical Endocrinopathies: Clinical Management and the Founding Figures. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 25–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geodynamics.

Blog post
Evans, K., 2016. Here’s What A Serving Size Of Each Of Your Favorite Foods Looks Like [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. Federal Retirement Processing: OPM Is Pursuing Incremental Information Technology Improvements after Canceling a Modernization Plagued by Management Weaknesses (No. GAO-13-580T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dinh, W., 2009. Elderly Vietnamese’ perceptions of the effects of Adult Day Health Care services on their mental and physical well-being (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolomatsky, M., 2017. A Surge in Sales to Foreign Buyers. New York Times RE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Csatho, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Csatho, 2015; Lin and Fisher, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lin and Fisher, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Barabási et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geodynamics
AbbreviationJ. Geodyn.
ISSN (print)0264-3707
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

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