How to format your references using the Journal of Geodynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geodynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maxmen, A., 2015. Three technologies that changed genetics. Nature 528, S2-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Honma, T., Goto, K., 2001. Complexes of MADS-box proteins are sufficient to convert leaves into floral organs. Nature 409, 525–529.
A journal article with 3 authors
Watanabe, Y., Farquhar, J., Ohmoto, H., 2009. Anomalous fractionations of sulfur isotopes during thermochemical sulfate reduction. Science 324, 370–373.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sang, L., Hu, J., Zou, R., Koide, Y., Liao, M., 2013. Arbitrary multicolor photodetection by hetero-integrated semiconductor nanostructures. Sci. Rep. 3, 2368.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Palaveev, P., 2012. The Ensemble Practice. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Welch, A. (Ed.), 2005. The Professoriate: Profile of a Profession, Higher Education Dynamics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Bohlouli, M., Schulz, F., Angelis, L., Pahor, D., Brandic, I., Atlan, D., Tate, R., 2013. Towards an Integrated Platform for Big Data Analysis, in: Fathi, M. (Ed.), Integration of Practice-Oriented Knowledge Technology: Trends and Prospectives. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 47–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geodynamics.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2017. Alcohol Can Protect Eyewitness Memory [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. International Aviation: DOT Needs More Information to Address U.S. Airlines’ Problems in Doing Business Abroad (No. RCED-95-24). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez, P.J., 2013. “Stepping stones”: Empowering mental health patients through connections with significant others: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2003. Lake Placid It Isn’t: Ferries’ Wakes Stir Up a Fuss. New York Times 145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Maxmen, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Honma and Goto, 2001; Maxmen, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Honma and Goto, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Sang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geodynamics
AbbreviationJ. Geodyn.
ISSN (print)0264-3707
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

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