How to format your references using the Journal of Geodynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geodynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Couzin, I., 2007. Collective minds. Nature 445, 715.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mercer, J., Helenius, A., 2008. Vaccinia virus uses macropinocytosis and apoptotic mimicry to enter host cells. Science 320, 531–535.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cerda, E., Ravi-Chandar, K., Mahadevan, L., 2002. Thin films. Wrinkling of an elastic sheet under tension. Nature 419, 579–580.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yu, S., Alapaty, K., Mathur, R., Pleim, J., Zhang, Y., Nolte, C., Eder, B., Foley, K., Nagashima, T., 2014. Attribution of the United States “warming hole”: aerosol indirect effect and precipitable water vapor. Sci. Rep. 4, 6929.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Denham, B.E., 2016. Categorical Statistics for Communication Research. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Allen, J., van der Velden, R. (Eds.), 2011. The Flexible Professional in the Knowledge Society: New Challenges for Higher Education, Higher Education Dynamics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Sturm, A., Kramer, O., 2013. Utilizing Application Frameworks: A Domain Engineering Approach, in: Reinhartz-Berger, I., Sturm, A., Clark, T., Cohen, S., Bettin, J. (Eds.), Domain Engineering: Product Lines, Languages, and Conceptual Models. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 113–130.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geodynamics.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Castro’s Cuban Crocodiles At Risk Of Interbreeding [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1985. Performance Appraisal Information From Selected Federal Agencies (No. GGD-86-1). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramirez, M., 2015. Support groups for caregivers of older adults with end stage renal disease: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2008. State Tax Break Is Upheld For Municipal Bonds. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Couzin, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Couzin, 2007; Mercer and Helenius, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mercer and Helenius, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Yu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geodynamics
AbbreviationJ. Geodyn.
ISSN (print)0264-3707
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

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