How to format your references using the Journal of Geodynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geodynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jarillo-Herrero, P., 2010. Applied physics. Pulling apart molecular magnetism. Science 328, 1362–1363.
A journal article with 2 authors
Madin, J.S., Connolly, S.R., 2006. Ecological consequences of major hydrodynamic disturbances on coral reefs. Nature 444, 477–480.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baldwin, M.P., Dameris, M., Shepherd, T.G., 2007. Atmosphere. How will the stratosphere affect climate change? Science 316, 1576–1577.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Smith, R.R., Killelea, D.R., DelSesto, D.F., Utz, A.L., 2004. Preference for vibrational over translational energy in a gas-surface reaction. Science 304, 992–995.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Li, F., 2006. Developing Chemical Information Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Simeonov, L., Sargsyan, V. (Eds.), 2008. Soil Chemical Pollution, Risk Assessment, Remediation and Security, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Friesen, N., Jakob, M., Kindermann, J., Maassen, D., Poigné, A., Rüping, S., Trabold, D., 2014. The Dicode Data Mining Services, in: Karacapilidis, N. (Ed.), Mastering Data-Intensive Collaboration and Decision Making: Research and Practical Applications in the Dicode Project, Studies in Big Data. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 89–118.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geodynamics.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2017. Not A Lizard Nor A Dinosaur, Tuatara Is The Sole Survivor Of A Once-Widespread Reptile Group [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Aviation Safety: FAA’s Use of Emergency Orders to Revoke or Suspend Operating Certificates (No. T-RCED-98-253). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lapizco-Encinas, G.C., 2009. Cooperative particle swarm optimization for combinatorial problems (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. Finish Is a Beacon Of an Alluring World Cup. New York Times D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jarillo-Herrero, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Jarillo-Herrero, 2010; Madin and Connolly, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Madin and Connolly, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Smith et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geodynamics
AbbreviationJ. Geodyn.
ISSN (print)0264-3707
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes

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