How to format your references using the Big Data Analytics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Big Data Analytics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Garwood R. Reach out to defend evolution. Nature. 2012;485:281.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Campbell N, Grayson M. Nature Index 2014 china. Nature. 2014;516:S49.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Ide S, Baltay A, Beroza GC. Shallow dynamic overshoot and energetic deep rupture in the 2011 Mw 9.0 Tohoku-Oki earthquake. Science. 2011;332:1426–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Yoon A, Peng G, Brandenburger Y, Brandenburg Y, Zollo O, Xu W, et al. Impaired control of IRES-mediated translation in X-linked dyskeratosis congenita. Science. 2006;312:902–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Hwang R-BR. Periodic Structures. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1. Reis LP, Moreira AP, Lima PU, Montano L, Muñoz-Martinez V, editors. Robot 2015: Second Iberian Robotics Conference: Advances in Robotics, Volume 2. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Cho JM. Count Hermann Keyserling’s View of Japan. In: Cho JM, Roberts LM, Spang CW, editors. Transnational Encounters between Germany and Japan: Perceptions of Partnership in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016. p. 53–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Big Data Analytics.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. Scientists Reveal How Humanity Could Survive The End Of The World [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/two-astrophysicists-explain-how-humanity-could-survive-end-world/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Strong Leadership and Effective Partnerships Needed to Mitigate Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 Sep. Report No.: T-AIMD-98-276.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Gruhl DK. Santa Rosa Adopt-A-Grandparent Plus program: A grant proposal project [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Belo J. The Sanitation Worker’s Plight. New York Times. 2017 Apr 20;A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBig Data Analytics
AbbreviationBig Data Anal.
ISSN (online)2058-6345
Scope

Other styles