How to format your references using the Big Data Analytics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Big Data Analytics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Lok C. Plans to reduce acceptable arsenic limit put on hold. Nature. 2001;410:503.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Horvath P, Barrangou R. CRISPR/Cas, the immune system of bacteria and archaea. Science. 2010;327:167–70.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Hathaway DH, Upton L, Colegrove O. Giant convection cells found on the Sun. Science. 2013;342:1217–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Ledwell JR, Montgomery ET, Polzin KL, St. Laurent LC, Schmitt RW, Toole JM. Evidence for enhanced mixing over rough topography in the abyssal ocean. Nature. 2000;403:179–82.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Cheng VS, Tong JC. Building Sustainability in East Asia. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
1. Leitão VMA, Alves CJS, Armando Duarte C, editors. Advances in Meshfree Techniques. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Cheng W, Wang C, Xiao B, Qian W, Zhou A. On Statistical Characteristics of Real-Life Knowledge Graphs. In: Zhan J, Han R, Zicari RV, editors. Big Data Benchmarks, Performance Optimization, and Emerging Hardware: 6th Workshop, BPOE 2015, Kohala, HI, USA, August 31 - September 4, 2015 Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 37–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Big Data Analytics.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. “Lucy’s” Bones Indicate Part-Time Life In The Trees [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/lucys-bones-indicate-parttime-life-in-the-trees/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Federal Lands: Information on the Use and Impact of Off-Highway Vehicles. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995 Aug. Report No.: RCED-95-209.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Lynch LE. Financial regulation and economic performance: A descriptive correlation study of American financial institutions [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly K. Another Goldman Executive Joins Administration. New York Times. 2017 Mar 15;A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBig Data Analytics
AbbreviationBig Data Anal.
ISSN (online)2058-6345
Scope

Other styles