How to format your references using the Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Glikson, A., 2004, “Comment on ‘Bedout: A Possible End-Permian Impact Crater Offshore of Northwestern Australia,’” Science, 306(5696), pp. 613; author reply 613.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schmittner, A., and Galbraith, E. D., 2008, “Glacial Greenhouse-Gas Fluctuations Controlled by Ocean Circulation Changes,” Nature, 456(7220), pp. 373–376.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bernasconi, N. L., Traggiai, E., and Lanzavecchia, A., 2002, “Maintenance of Serological Memory by Polyclonal Activation of Human Memory B Cells,” Science, 298(5601), pp. 2199–2202.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Seol, J. H., Jo, I., Moore, A. L., Lindsay, L., Aitken, Z. H., Pettes, M. T., Li, X., Yao, Z., Huang, R., Broido, D., Mingo, N., Ruoff, R. S., and Shi, L., 2010, “Two-Dimensional Phonon Transport in Supported Graphene,” Science, 328(5975), pp. 213–216.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Holloway, M., and Nwaoha, C., 2012, Dictionary of Industrial Terms, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Cutsuridis, V., Graham, B., Cobb, S., and Vida, I., eds., 2010, Hippocampal Microcircuits: A Computational Modeler’s Resource Book, Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Amaris, H., Alonso, M., and Ortega, C. A., 2013, “Voltage Stability in Power Networks with Wind Power Generation,” Reactive Power Management of Power Networks with Wind Generation, M. Alonso, and C. Alvarez Ortega, eds., Springer, London, pp. 77–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016, “Questions You Should Ask Yourself Before Getting Cryogenically Frozen,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1970, Possible Misuse of Public Funds in Sale of Park Land, B-168174, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Poland, M. C., 2010, “New Cluster-Based Routing and Multi-Channel MAC Protocols for Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Powell, M., 2017, “Two Teams Diverge on a Common Path,” New York Times, p. B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Engineering Materials and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Eng. Mater. Technol.
ISSN (print)0094-4289
ISSN (online)1528-8889
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles