How to format your references using the Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nowak, M. A., 2006, “Five Rules for the Evolution of Cooperation,” Science, 314(5805), pp. 1560–1563.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liberles, S. D., and Buck, L. B., 2006, “A Second Class of Chemosensory Receptors in the Olfactory Epithelium,” Nature, 442(7103), pp. 645–650.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gaudelli, N. M., Long, D. H., and Townsend, C. A., 2015, “β-Lactam Formation by a Non-Ribosomal Peptide Synthetase during Antibiotic Biosynthesis,” Nature, 520(7547), pp. 383–387.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pereira, H. M., Leadley, P. W., Proença, V., Alkemade, R., Scharlemann, J. P. W., Fernandez-Manjarrés, J. F., Araújo, M. B., Balvanera, P., Biggs, R., Cheung, W. W. L., Chini, L., Cooper, H. D., Gilman, E. L., Guénette, S., Hurtt, G. C., Huntington, H. P., Mace, G. M., Oberdorff, T., Revenga, C., Rodrigues, P., Scholes, R. J., Sumaila, U. R., and Walpole, M., 2010, “Scenarios for Global Biodiversity in the 21st Century,” Science, 330(6010), pp. 1496–1501.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Spiegel, R., 2005, Psychopharmacology, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Wüthrich, M. V., 2013, Financial Modeling, Actuarial Valuation and Solvency in Insurance, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Maggiorini, M., Bärtsch, P., and Swenson, E. R., 2014, “Pulmonary Circulation,” High Altitude: Human Adaptation to Hypoxia, E.R. Swenson, and P. Bärtsch, eds., Springer, New York, NY, pp. 85–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015, “Women In Beijing Delivered Larger Babies When Air Was Cleaner,” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988, Transition Series: Information Technology Issues, OCG-89-6TR, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sokolov, C. K., 2017, “Teacher Engagement In Grades 4-8,” Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B., 2017, “Wimbledon’s Qualifying Tournament Is Both 3½ Miles and a World Away,” New York Times, p. B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Engineering Materials and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Eng. Mater. Technol.
ISSN (print)0094-4289
ISSN (online)1528-8889
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

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