How to format your references using the Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gong, P., 2012, “China’s New Leaders Must Keep Science in Focus,” Nature, 491(7423), p. 161.
A journal article with 2 authors
Goedert, M., and Cheng, Y., 2015, “Parkinson’s Disease: Crystals of a Toxic Core,” Nature, 525(7570), pp. 458–459.
A journal article with 3 authors
LeCun, Y., Bengio, Y., and Hinton, G., 2015, “Deep Learning,” Nature, 521(7553), pp. 436–444.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fleischer, J. W., Segev, M., Efremidis, N. K., and Christodoulides, D. N., 2003, “Observation of Two-Dimensional Discrete Solitons in Optically Induced Nonlinear Photonic Lattices,” Nature, 422(6928), pp. 147–150.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shinohara, H., and Tagmatarchis, N., 2015, Endohedral Metallofullerenes, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Rao, K. S., 2013, Robust Emotion Recognition Using Spectral and Prosodic Features, Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, J. G., and Yang, J., 2016, “The New Membership of Loan Club—P2P Online Lending,” Financing without Bank Loans: New Alternatives for Funding SMEs in China, J. Yang, ed., Springer, Singapore, pp. 55–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015, “Winners Of The 25th Ig Nobel Awards Announced,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1979, Review of HEW Guidelines for Acquiring Automatic Data Processing Systems Under the Social Security Act, HRD-79-126, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tengco, M. A., 2017, “Quality Home Care: Providing Personal Care and Homemaking Services for Seniors in the Community,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2007, “LIPA Kills Wind Farm Off Jones Beach,” New York Times, p. LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Engineering Materials and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Eng. Mater. Technol.
ISSN (print)0094-4289
ISSN (online)1528-8889
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

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