How to format your references using the Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Watson, A., 2000, “EUROPEAN SPACE AGENCY: Getting More Out of Space,” Science, 290(5495), p. 1287b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stebbins, C. E., and Galán, J. E., 2001, “Structural Mimicry in Bacterial Virulence,” Nature, 412(6848), pp. 701–705.
A journal article with 3 authors
Biertümpfel, C., Yang, W., and Suck, D., 2007, “Crystal Structure of T4 Endonuclease VII Resolving a Holliday Junction,” Nature, 449(7162), pp. 616–620.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pfeifer, M., Boncristiano, S., Bondolfi, L., Stalder, A., Deller, T., Staufenbiel, M., Mathews, P. M., and Jucker, M., 2002, “Cerebral Hemorrhage after Passive Anti-Abeta Immunotherapy,” Science, 298(5597), p. 1379.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Savaux, V., and Louët, Y., 2014, MMSE-Based Algorithm for Joint Signal Detection, Channel and Noise Variance Estimation for OFDM Systems, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
McCoach, D. B., 2013, Instrument Development in the Affective Domain: School and Corporate Applications, Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Małachowski, B., 2016, “Multiple Criteria Decision Support System for Tender Consortium Building Within the Cluster Organization,” New Frontiers in Information and Production Systems Modelling and Analysis: Incentive Mechanisms, Competence Management, Knowledge-Based Production, P. Różewski, D. Novikov, N. Bakhtadze, and O. Zaikin, eds., Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 105–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015, “Tasty Treat: How We Showed Fat To Be The Sixth Taste,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993, Academy Preparatory Schools, NSIAD-94-56R, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, J., 2012, “The Effects of Leadership Behavior on Workplace Harassment, Employee Outcomes, and Organizational Effectiveness in Small Businesses,” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rockwell, J., 2017, “He Put Brooklyn on the Map,” New York Times, p. AR8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Engineering Materials and Technology
AbbreviationJ. Eng. Mater. Technol.
ISSN (print)0094-4289
ISSN (online)1528-8889
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

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