How to format your references using the Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer (J Gastrointest Canc). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Bronner-Fraser M. Development. Making sense of the sensory lineage. Science. 2004;303:966–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Lacroix B, Citovsky V. Characterization of VIP1 activity as a transcriptional regulator in vitro and in planta. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2440.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Lemieux C, Otis C, Turmel M. Ancestral chloroplast genome in Mesostigma viride reveals an early branch of green plant evolution. Nature. 2000;403:649–52.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Walther TC, Askjaer P, Gentzel M, Habermann A, Griffiths G, Wilm M, et al. RanGTP mediates nuclear pore complex assembly. Nature. 2003;424:689–94.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Homer S, Leibowitz ML. Inside the Yield Book. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Weeks JR, Hill AG, Stoler J, editors. Spatial Inequalities: Health, Poverty, and Place in Accra, Ghana. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Desbordes D, Presles H-N. Multi-Scaled Cellular Detonation. In: Zhang F, editor. Shock Waves Science and Technology Library, Vol 6: Detonation Dynamics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 281–338.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Streetlamps Go Green [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/streetlamps-go-green/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: GSA Has Made Progress in Planning Governmentwide Program but Challenges Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 Sep. Report No.: GAO-04-1085T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Serranilla M. Env7p localizes to the vacuole membrane and plays a role in vacuolar protein processing [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly C. From Spain to Romania, There’s No Respite From the Heat. New York Times. 2017 Aug 9;TR2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
AbbreviationJ. Gastrointest. Cancer
ISSN (print)1941-6628
ISSN (online)1941-6636
ScopeGastroenterology
Oncology

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