How to format your references using the Mediterranean Journal of Infection, Microbes and Antimicrobials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mediterranean Journal of Infection, Microbes and Antimicrobials (MJIMA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Karin M. Nuclear factor-kappaB in cancer development and progression. Nature. 2006;441:431–36.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Magurran AE, Henderson PA. Explaining the excess of rare species in natural species abundance distributions. Nature. 2003;422:714–16.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Alitalo K, Tammela T, Petrova TV. Lymphangiogenesis in development and human disease. Nature. 2005;438:946–53.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Ying H, Jing F, Fanghui Z, Youlin Q, Yali H. High-risk HPV nucleic acid detection kit-the careHPV test -a new detection method for screening. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4704.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Stenholm S, Suominen K-A. Quantum Approach to Informatics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.
An edited book
1
Cao H, Paltiel J, eds. Facing China as a New Global Superpower: Domestic and International Dynamics from a Multidisciplinary Angle. Singapore: Springer, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Capello R, Fratesi U. Space and Empirical Approaches to Regional Growth. In: Camagni R, Chizzolini B, Fratesi U (eds). Modelling Regional Scenarios for the Enlarged Europe: European Competiveness and Global Strategies. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2008:49–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mediterranean Journal of Infection, Microbes and Antimicrobials.

Blog post
1
Luntz S. Cancer Patient’s Leg Attached To His Arm To Keep It Alive During Surgery [Internet]. IFLScience. 2014.Last accessed date: 2018 Oct 30. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/cancer-patients-leg-attached-his-arm-keep-it-alive-during-surgery/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration: Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards, Child Restraint Systems, and Child Restraint Anchorage Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Tzillah A. The emissions of selected air pollutants from biodiesel fuel usage. (thesis). University of Cincinnati; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Almosawa S, Hubbard B. Saudi-Led Airstrikes Blamed for Massacre of Scores of Yemeni Mourners. New York Times. 2016;:A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1,2,3,4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMediterranean Journal of Infection, Microbes and Antimicrobials
ISSN (online)2147-673X
Scope

Other styles